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Alan B Scott
Alan B. Scott is an ophthalmologist, who specializes in Strabismus (Cross-eye disorder) and Pediatric Ophthalmology. Alan B. Scott became well known for developing Botox (botulinum toxin) as a treatment for Strabismus and later through it cosmetical application. In the 1970's, Alan B. Scott started to experiment with Botox as a therapy for Strabismus, due to its muscle relaxing features. In 1978, he received permission from the FDA to test Botox in clinical trials with humans, which was at that time groundbreaking, as Botox in higher dosages could paralyze and ultimately kill humans. After successful clinical trials on patients, he received FDA approval in 1989. Two years later he sold his patent to Allergen for $9M, which changed the name for Oculinum to Botox. Its 1991 revenue amounted to $13M, as it was solely used for medical treatments. As Allergen conducted further studies with Botox for its cosmetic wringle reducing quality, it received FDA approval in 2002. Today, Botox annual revenue is estimated to be more than $2.5B. Alan B. Scott, is well recognized in his field and published numerous articles on the subject of Strabismus. He has founded the Strabismus Research Foundation in San Francisco, and despite his age of 87 years old, continues to conduct research on Strabismus and related topics.
References[edit | edit source]
https://www.sfgate.com/health/article/For-S-F-doctor-drug-Botox-became-a-real-2852000.php https://www.healio.com/ophthalmology/oculoplastics/news/print/ocular-surgery-news/%7B42a86db1-1bcc-41e2-9336-6d61d0530a49%7D/from-the-beginning-the-history-and-applications-of-botox https://www.cbsnews.com/news/botox-a-story-with-a-few-wrinkles/ http://time.com/4623409/botox-drug-treating-everything/ https://academic.oup.com/asj/article/29/6_Supplement/S34/195793 https://www.nytimes.com/1982/05/18/science/drug-for-crossed-eyes-promising-in-early-tests.html http://ascrs.org/node/23318
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