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Antonije Nako

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Antonije Nako (Komárom, Habsburg Monarchy, 28 September 1817 - Lausanne, Switzerland, 11 April 1900)[1]was the bishop of the Serbian Orthodox Church on the throne of the bishops of Timisoara. He is remembered for his philanthropic work.[2]

Life[edit]

Bishop Antonije was born as Alexander in 1817 in Komárom[3]in a well-known Serbian family of Cincar roots. He was educated by the rich uncle Budai who lived in Komárom. [4]He completed his secondary education in his hometown, and then pursued philosophy and law. After passing the bar exam, he enrolled in the Theological Seminary in Sremski Karlovci and after graduating was its professor there from 1845 to 1852. According to the obituary, it looks different; he taught at the Karlovac Gymnasium for only a semester (1842-1843). And from September 1851, after the death of the director of the grammar school, Jakov Gerčić, he was for some time a temporary manager there.[5]

He took monastic vows on 14 December 1844, in the Krušedol monastery, where he was ordained as hierodeacon on 25 December 1844, and on 29 June 1849, hieromonk. In 1853 he became an archimandrite at the Hodoš monastery where he did not stay long.

According to historian Dimitrije Ruvarac, Antonije was the elder of the Hodoš monastery from 28 June to 28 July 1853, and according to the list published in the monograph of this monastery, from April to October 1853. In the same year, Antonije (Nako) became the abbot of the Mesić monastery. As an archimandrite and abbot of the Bezdin monastery in Romania, he was elected on 10 August 1864 and consecrated in 1865 as bishop of Timisoara. During his short-term administration, he distinguished himself as a strict diocesan archbishop and worked on introducing order in his vast diocese.

As early as 1869, he submitted a request to the Holy Synod of Bishops "to get rid of the management of the diocese due to illness and to put it in a state of rest." It was in fact something else: Antonius fell in love with a woman, because of which he left the episcopal throne - "because he was not able to defeat his nature". He retired in 1872 (or 1871), and as such settled in Lausanne, Switzerland. There he entered into a civil marriage with his chosen one, enjoying a pension with a pension from Serbian national funds.[6]In Switzerland, the former bishop died in 1900, at the age of 83. [7] All churches in Novi Sad announced his repose, and a black flag was placed at the Patriarchal Palace in Karlovac. [8]

The remains were transferred to Timisoara in 1995 and were buried in the Serbian Cathedral in Timisoara.

References[edit]

  1. https://www.google.ca/books/edition/Narodna_enciklopedija_srpsko_hrvatsko_sl/-qgEAAAAYAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=Antonije+Nako&dq=Antonije+Nako&printsec=frontcover
  2. https://www.google.ca/books/edition/Child_and_Family_Welfare/HmoxBwAAQBAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=Antonije+Nako&pg=PA205&printsec=frontcover
  3. name="аутоматски генерисано1">"Српски сион", Карловци 1900. године
  4. "Браник", Нови Сад 1900.
  5. name="аутоматски генерисано1">"Српски сион", Карловци 1900. године
  6. name="аутоматски генерисано2"
  7. С[ава], е[пископ] ш[умадијски], Епископ темишварски Антоније вратио се својој пастви, Каленић, 1-3, Крагујевац 1995, 28.
  8. name="аутоматски генерисано2"


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