Arbia is a village of the Italian municipality of Asciano, in the province of Siena, in Tuscany.
Arbia is located between the val d'Arbia valley and the crete senesi area, along the southern shore of the homonymous torrent, on the border with the municipalities of Siena and Castelnuovo Berardenga. Arbia is bordered to the north with Taverne d'Arbia, a fraction of Siena which extends on the northern bank of the stream, and to the east with the municipality of Castelnuovo Berardenga.
The first nucleus of the inhabited center arose in the 19th century near the Napoleonic column at the crossroads between the road that connects Siena to Arezzo passing through Monteaperti, via Aretina, with that towards Asciano, the historic via Lauretana.
The only road link between Arbia and Siena has for centuries been the historic bridge over the stream itself, on the road to Siena. Documented in 1353, it was replaced by a three-arch bridge in 1787 on behalf of the Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo and project of the engineer Pietro Ferroni. Destroyed by the German army fleeing Asciano to Siena in July 1944, it was faithfully rebuilt after the Second World War. Between 1896 and 1897 the new railway section Siena-Chiusi was built and in 1898 the railway yard was inaugurated (Arbia station). The station was mainly used for loading and unloading coal: warehouses were built and one of the very first buildings was the Venturini building near the level crossing. Due to the presence of the railway station, the inhabited center was initially called "Arbia Scalo".
At the beginning of the twentieth century, thanks to the presence of the railway, the "Cotto Arbia" brick company was founded, and some buildings were built along via Lauretana, including the Montieri palace to house the families of those who worked on the company. The church of San Giuseppe in via Aretina and its parish complex date back to the early 1950s. During the seventies and eighties the hamlet expanded with a series of residential subdivisions and a small artisan area. In 2002 the "Monselvoli" subdivision was created, going to incorporate the nearby town of Monselvoli into the urban fabric.
Monuments and places of interest
- Church of San Giuseppe, was built in 1952. Originally it had a gabled façade with facing brick facing, two corner pilasters and a travertine base; a framed rose window above the portal. The entire diocesan complex has been restored and transformed into a center Caritas diocesano, inaugurated by the bishop of Siena in November 2018.
- Colonna napoleonica (inizio XIX secolo)
- Palazzo Venturini
- Palazzo di Montieri
- Paradiso di Monselvoli
- Ponte sul torrente Arbia (1787, ricostruito nel 1944)
The hamlet of Arbia has been home to the "Gianni Rodari" elementary school since 1985 and to the "Fabrizio Guerrini" infant school since 1990.
In the early twentieth century, the "Cotto Arbia" company began the production of bricks in the Arbia plant. In 2002 the production was definitively transferred to the Castelnuovo Scalo plant near the Siena-Chiusi railway line, while the registered office remained in Arbia.
Infrastructure and transport
- Siena-Chiusi railway
The Arbia 83 Sport Group has been based in the hamlet of Arbia since 1983. At the "Prato di Arbia", commonly called "campino", in viale Toscana, there is also a sports area with a service center, bowling alley, tennis court and multipurpose track.
The cycling race Strade Bianche (with arrival in piazza del Campo in Siena) often included some dirt roads surrounding Arbia in its route.
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- "Church of San Giuseppe <Arbia, Asciano>". Retrieved 4 July 2019.
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