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Badin Hall (University of Notre Dame)

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Badin Hall
Residence Hall
University of Notre Dame
Arms of Badin.svg
Argent chape ployé vert, a frog vert, the dexter chape with a palm branch argent, the sinister chape a plier argent
Campus quadSouth
Established1897
Named forRev. Stephen Badin
Previous namesSt. Joseph Manual Labor School
ArchitectBro. Columkille Fitzgerald, CSC
Architectural styleSecond Empire architecture[1]
ColorsGreen     
GenderFemale
RectorSr. Susan Sisko, O.S.B.M. (since 2015)
Undergraduates121
Postgraduates2
ChapelSt. Stephen
MascotBullfrogs
Interhall sportsFlag football
CharitiesHOPE Initiative NFP
Major eventsBadin Breakdown, Polar Bear Plunge, a Conscious Christmas
Badin Hall
U.S. Historic district
Contributing property
Badin Hall (University of Notre Dame) is located in Indiana
Badin Hall (University of Notre Dame)
LocationNotre Dame, Indiana
Coordinates41°42′02″N 86°14′28″W / 41.7006°N 86.2412°W / 41.7006; -86.2412Coordinates: 41°42′02″N 86°14′28″W / 41.7006°N 86.2412°W / 41.7006; -86.2412
Fatal error: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Built1897 [2]
ArchitectBro. Columkille Fitzgerald, CSC [2]
Architectural styleSecond Empire architecture
Part ofUniversity of Notre Dame: Main and South Quadrangles (#78000053)
Added to NRHPMay 23, 1978
Websitewww.nd.edu/~badin

Badin Hall is one of the 32 Residence Halls on the campus of the University of Notre Dame and one of the 14 female dorms. The smallest residence hall on campus, it is located on South Quad, between Howard Hall and the Coleman-Morse center. It was built in 1897 and hosted the Manual Labor School until 1917 before being converted into a men's dorm.[3][4][5][2][6][7][8] During World War II, it was part of the United States Naval Reserve Midshipmen's School, and in 1972 it became one of the first two residence halls at Notre Dame to host women.[9][10][11]

Badin Hall is listed as an historic structure in the University of Notre Dame: Main and South Quadrangles National Register of Historic Places listing.[12][13] When it was built in 1897, it was the first Catholic trade school in the United States.[4][7] It is an example of Second Empire architecture.[1][14] It was named after Fr. Stephen Badin, the first priest ordained in the US and provider of the land where the original Log Cabin was built.[15][16][17][18] Notable alumni include Father Theodore Hesburgh and multiple Heisman Trophy winners.[16] Today, it hosts 121 female undergrads, who are known as the Badin Bullfrogs.[19]

History[edit]

Construction and years as Manual Labor School[edit]

Badin Hall

Before the Main Building at the University burned down in the great fire of 1879, it hosted a Manual Labor School (founded in 1843), that was then moved after the fire to a location near currently Walsh Hall.[5][4][3] It was the first Catholic trade school in the United States.[4] The Manual Labor School had obtained its charter in 1844, and was under the direction of the Brother of Holy Cross.[20][21] A few years later, the Manual Labor School was moved on wheels to the present location of Badin Hall.[16][22][23] The temporary structure was substituted with brick structure (the one still standing) and renamed St. Joseph Hall, in honor of St. Joseph the Worker, and hosted the St. Joseph's Industrial School' and was opened in November 1897.[24][25][5][11] It was intended to open before the start of the school year, but it did not happen because of a delay in construction.[5] The first floor contained private rooms, a reading room, and a refectory while the second floor contained classrooms, a study hall, and rooms for prefects.[26][27][28] A wide staircase led to the third floor, that was used entirely as dormitory. The first director of the new St. Joseph Hall was Rev. Gallagher, who arranged improvements to the rooms and set up a chapel where Mass was said. He provided newspapers and magazines for the boy's free moments. Once enrolled, young men ages 12 to 16 trained to be blacksmiths, bricklayers, carpenters, farmers, and tailors.[4][29][30][23][20] The goods produced were used by University personnel, and some were sold in South Bend shops.[26][31]

University dormitory[edit]

Badin Hall in 1903, before the 1917 addition of the lateral wings
Badin Hall in 1903, before the 1917 addition of the lateral wings

Due to the conversion from a profitable institution to non-profit with an academic focus, the Manual Labor School was abolished and St. Joseph Hall was converted to a men's university dormitory in 1917.[26][32][15][11][8] It underwent major expansion, including two wings that were added at the cost of $20,000,[4][33][8] and it was renamed Badin Hall, in honor of Rev. Stephen Badin.[34][26][7][35] Stephen Badin was the first priest ordained in the United States, and was the previous owner of the land on which the University was built.[36][37][38] It was opened to seventy freshmen, with the plan of building future wings to host more.[6][7] A modernized cafeteria was placed in one of the wings of the building.[39][11] It was the first restaurant on the campus of Notre Dame, breaking a 75 year long tradition of all student eating in the school refectory.[40][41]

The first rector of Badin Hall was Rev. Fr. Francis McGarry, followed by Florian Flynn.[42] Badin Hall is shaped like an H, is three stories high, and it built of yellow brick and has steep roofs over classical architectural elements, although it has also some elements on the neo-gothic style that prevales in the rest of South Quad.[2] From the very beginning, the men of Badin Hall organized in interhall sports, a trademark activity of Notre Dame students. In the late 1920s, its basement hosted engineering classes before Cushing Hall was built.[43] In 1923, Hugh O'Donnell became rector.[44] In 1931, the university bookstore, previously located in Main Building, was relocated to the south half of the lower floor of Badin Hall,[45] a space that had undergone a variety of uses; first it was a refectory, then a classroom, and then a recreation room for the members of the Congregation of Holy Cross.[46][47]

Badin Hall on South Quad

The Navy period[edit]

In 1942, Badin Hall hosted officers, recruits and midshipmen that came to campus to train as part of the United States Naval Reserve Midshipmen's School.[48][9][16][49][50][51] At its beginning in April 1942, the school hosted a 30-indoctrination program for new officers, but it became a full-fledged Midshipmen School in October 1942, and hosted ten four-month courses and more than 10,000 officers.[52] This provided the Navy with space and resources for training, while it helped the University recover from the loss in income and enrollment due to World War II.[9] The midshipman school ended in November 1945, and Badin was returned to civilian student use.[48] When veterans returned to campus after the war, the vast majority were accommodated in Badin.[16][50] In the late 1940s, when Hesburgh as rector, the hall was decrepit.[53] Students would sneak out of Badin Hall at night by stealthy using the fire-escape ladder.[54]

Later years[edit]

In 1947, the Hall celebrated its 50th anniversary, with a ceremony featuring the university president.[3] In 1972, Badin become one of the first two residence halls (the other being Walsh Hall) to be converted as a women's dormitory following the acceptance of women into the university.[10][55][56] Renovations for the transition to a woman's dorm included increased storage facilities and more washing and drying equipment.[57][58] The first rector of Badin as a women's hall was Kathleen Ceranksi.[59] Badin celebrated its centenary in 1997, and in 1998, the mascot changed from Badin Attitude to the Badin Bullfrogs. Badin became the first residence hall in Notre Dame history to win overall Hall of the Year in consecutive years, winning the prestigious award consecutively in 2010, 2011, and 2012. In 2011, Badin's first floor was renovated to house students for the first time in the hall's history. Badin was extensively renovated in the 2017-2018 year, with air-conditioned lounges and kitchens on every floor, and a larger gym.[60] Renovations included a new chapel, since the original industrial building did not include an apt space; the money was donated by Peter and Nancy Baranay. The chapel features stained glass windows from the early 20th century, donated by alumni Charles Hayes and Jon Rittenand originally designed by Franz Xaver Zettler in Munich, Germany, and restored from an old Chicago convent.[61] The renovated chapel was built in Notre Dame brick, as the main building itself was, that was rescued from the demolition of Brownson and Corby Halls.[62][63] The residents of Badin Hall moved to Pangborn Hall for the year.[64][65]

Description[edit]

Badin hall is built in Second Empire Architecture.[1][14] The hall is H shaped, with the central portion with a slated roof while the two lateral wings have a mansard roof atop of classical cornices. It is built in yellow brick, three story high, and features a large porch and a balcony on the eastern side.[13][63][4] The first floor is entirely dedicated to social spaces (including the new chapel), while the upper floors house the student rooms. Badin is mostly composed of single rooms, and is the smallest of the women's dorms.[66]

Traditions[edit]

Notre Dame has an undergraduate hall system based on the residential college system.[67] Each hall has its own traditions, mascot, colors, sport teams, events, dances and reputation. The Coat of arms of Badin Hall features a frog, is the symbol of Badin, while the plier represent the Manual School of St Joseph, which occupied Badin Hall, and the palm leaf represents St. Stephen, the patron saint of Stephen Badin and tho whom the chapel is dedicated. Badin Hall residents generally make up a very tight-knit community due to the small number of residents. Annual events have included the Badin Breakdown, a large scale karaoke event on South Quad, and the Polar Bear Plunge.[19] Throughout the 2000s, Badin was well known as the most frequent champions of Fisher Hall’s annual event, the Fisher Regatta.[16][31]

During the annual hall photo, senior students stand on the balcony (referred to as the Badin Terrace [4]), with younger students standing in front of the hall below. Graduates participate in the traditional “Porch Picture” in their cap and gowns, which they often recreate when returning to campus in future years for reunions.[31] Badin Hall supports the Hope for Nepal charity, which is an initiative that serves Nepal in several ways, including the operation of an orphanage for children who would otherwise be forced to live on the streets.[68] Other events put on by the hall include "A Conscious Christmas" in the winter and the "Polar Bear Plunge" each February in order to raise money for their South Bend charity partner: St. Margaret's House.[69][70] During the 1960s, a fictional ghost named Harry Hunter was said to inhabit the first floor of the building.[16]

Gallery[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Angelo Bertelli[66]
  • Joseph Lyons[66]
  • Father Theodore Hesburgh[66]
  • James Burns [4][30]
  • Edward Malloy[66]
  • Alan Page[55]
  • John Zahm[66]
  • Gabby Gabreski
  • Lauren McLean '97

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 St. Joseph County interim report. Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana. Indianapolis: Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana. 2006. ISBN 1-889235-25-3. OCLC 75420841. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Charleton, James H. (1986). Recreation in the United States: National Historic Landmark Theme Study. National Park Service, Department of the Interior. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "ND residence to mark 50th anniversary". South Bend Tribune. 18 May 1947. p. 13. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Carrico, Patrick (12 May 1954). "Famed Bog distinguished Badin Hall at Notre Dame". South Bend Tribune. p. 24. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Beirne, Kilian (1966). From Sea to Shining Sea: The Holy Cross Brothers in the United States. Holy Cross Press. p. 75. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Badin Hall, the newest hall at Notre Dame". The Catholic Advance. 29 December 1917. p. 3. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "New Badin Hall named after first priest in America". The Irish Standard. 22 December 1917. p. 1. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Stoll, John B. (1923). An Account of St. Joseph County from Its Organization ... Dayton Historical Publising Company. p. 124. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Blantz, Thomas E. (2020). The University of Notre Dame : a history. [Notre Dame, Indiana]. p. 336. ISBN 978-0-268-10824-3. OCLC 1182853710. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Badin Hall // Campus Tour // University of Notre Dame". Tour.nd.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-23.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Hope, Arthur J. (1978). Notre Dame, one hundred years. South Bend, Ind.: Icarus Press. ISBN 0-89651-500-1. OCLC 4494082. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  12. "University of Notre Dame: Main and South Quadrangles". National Register of Historic Places Collection. Retrieved 2021-04-24. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  13. 13.0 13.1 James T. Burtchaell (November 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: University of Notre Dame Campus-Main and South Quadrangles" (PDF). Indiana State Historic Architectural and Archaeological Research Database and National Park Service. Retrieved October 18, 2017. With seven photos from 1972-76. Map of district included with text version available at National Park Service.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Badin Hall". Indiana Historic Sites and Structures Inventory. Retrieved 2021-04-26. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  15. 15.0 15.1 Neil, Rau (11 October 1930). "ND Halls tell how place grew - Badin Hall built in 1917". South Bend Tribune. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 Tomme, Allison (2001). "Hall Portrait: Badin". Notre Dame Magazine. Retrieved 2015-12-23. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  17. "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Stephen Theodore Badin". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.
  18. "Badin Hall // Residential Life". Residential Life. Retrieved 2020-07-24. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  19. 19.0 19.1 Blasko, Erin (February 14, 2010). "A cold plunge". South Bend Tribune. p. B1. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  20. 20.0 20.1 Howard, Timothy Edward (1907). A History of St. Joseph County, Indiana. Lewis publishing Company. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  21. The Metropolitan Catholic Almanac, and Laity's Directory. John And Murphy. 1859. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  22. Franklin Cullen, The Manual School at Notre Dame (1844-1897) and other early Holy Cross Industrial Schools in America, Mountain View, 1993 http://village.hcc-nd.edu/hodonnell/HCHA/1993-add9.pdf
  23. 23.0 23.1 "The Diocese of Fort Wayne, 1857-September 1907". webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  24. Wallace, Francis (1969). Notre Dame: Its People and Its Legends. D. McKay Company. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  25. "Notre Dame: Manual Labor School". archives.nd.edu. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 Blantz, Thomas E. (2020). The University of Notre Dame : a history. [Notre Dame, Indiana]. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-268-10824-3. OCLC 1182853710. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  27. Hope, Arthur J. (1948). Notre Dame, One Hundred Years. University Press. p. 247. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  28. "Reflections of the Dome - June 2001". www.irishlegends.com. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  29. Casey, Marion (Spring 2020). "Echoes: Manual Labor School taught boys trades to earn a living | Stories". Notre Dame Magazine. Retrieved 2021-03-15. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  30. 30.0 30.1 Holy Cross History, 38th Annual Holy Cross History Conference, http://holycrosshistory.com/hcha/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/HCHA_fall_2018.pdf
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Vonada, Damaine (1998). Notre Dame : the official campus guide. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press. ISBN 0-268-01486-8. OCLC 38870733. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  32. Burns, Robert E. (1999). Being Catholic, Being American: The Notre Dame Story, 1842-1934. University of Notre Dame Press. ISBN 978-0-268-02156-6. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  33. Stoll, John B. (1923). An Account of St. Joseph County from Its Organization ... Dayton Historical Publising Company. p. 124. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  34. Alerding, Herman Joseph (1888). A History of the Catholic Church in the Diocese of Vincennes. author. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  35. Carson, Thomas; Cerrito, Joann; Catholic University of America (2003). New Catholic encyclopedia. 2. Detroit, MI: Thomson, Gale : in association with the Catholic University of America. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7876-4004-0. OCLC 473489373. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  36. Blantz, Thomas E. (2020). The University of Notre Dame : a history. [Notre Dame, Indiana]. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-268-10824-3. OCLC 1182853710. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  37. Adams, Herbert Baxter (1891). Contributions to American Educational History. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 184. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  38. "Edward Frederick SORIN". Sanctuaire Basile Moreau. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  39. "Chemistry and Badin Halls will be erected before fall opening". South Bend News-Times. 26 May 1917. p. 1. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  40. "Badin Hall". The Catholic Tribune. October 13, 1917. p. 2. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  41. "Notre Dame cafe established in Badin Hall". South Bend Tribune. 3 October 1917. p. 7. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  42. "Voice of Moreau". Voice of Moreau. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  43. Blantz, Thomas E. (2020). The University of Notre Dame : a history. [Notre Dame, Indiana]. p. 293. ISBN 978-0-268-10824-3. OCLC 1182853710. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  44. Congress, United States (1947). Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress. U.S. Government Printing Office. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  45. Kltisch, Kristi (February 21, 1999). "New store preserves tradition, Hammes name". South Bend Tribune. p. SS6. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  46. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-02-07. Retrieved 2017-05-15. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  47. Malloy, Edward A. (2020). Monk's Notre Dame: People, Places and Events. Corby Books. ISBN 978-1735270210. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  48. 48.0 48.1 "V-12 continues at Notre Dame". South Bend Tribune. August 24, 1945. p. 16. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  49. Moses, First Down (2013-10-31). "Notre Dame and Navy: Why We Play, Part 1". One Foot Down. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  50. 50.0 50.1 Somogyi, Lou (2011-10-27). "The Ties That Bind". Notre Dame Fighting Irish - Official Athletics Website. Retrieved 2021-03-15. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  51. McGlew, John J. (1996). War and the amphibious Navy. Chapel Hill, NC: Professional Press. ISBN 1-57087-202-3. OCLC 36387754. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  52. Moses, First Down (2013-10-31). "Notre Dame and Navy: Why We Play, Part 1". One Foot Down. Retrieved 2021-03-20.
  53. Maier, Frank (April 20, 1969). "Father Hesburgh". Los Angeles Times. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  54. Esquire. 27. Esquire Publishing Company. 1947. p. 100. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  55. 55.0 55.1 "Badin Hall // Office of Housing". Housing.nd.edu. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2015-12-23. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  56. Sulok, Nancy (March 7, 1973). "Notre Dame May Face Housing Shortage Because of Coeds". South Bend Tribune. p. 20. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  57. "Notre Dame Enrollment Estimated To Be 8,750". The Herald, Jasper Indiana. July 24, 1973. p. 11. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  58. "Coed enrollment with double at Notre Dame". Daily Journal (Franklin, Indiana). August 16, 1973. p. 9. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  59. Thanking Father Ted : thirty-five years of Notre Dame coeducation, 1972-2007. Ann Therese Darin Palmer, Theodore M. Hesburgh, Thanking Father Ted Foundation. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Pub. 2007. ISBN 978-0-7407-8637-2. OCLC 776997638. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  60. Cameron, Andrew (31 January 2018). "Badin Hall renovations continue as community reflects on their year in Pangborn // The Observer". The Observer. Retrieved 8 July 2019. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  61. Weber, Natalie (29 August 2018). "Badin Hall reopens to residents after year of renovations // The Observer". The Observer. Retrieved 8 July 2019. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  62. Davis Miller, Natalie (May 14, 2020). "Backstory: Notre Dame brick. What's old is new again". NDWorks. Retrieved 2021-01-27. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  63. 63.0 63.1 Gorman, Billy (2018-05-18). "Notre Dame to Demolish Corby Hall And Reconstruct With Donation". One Foot Down. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  64. Mezzacappa, Gabriella (2016-02-02). "Students respond in outrage over residential hall moves". The Tab. Retrieved 2021-03-15. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  65. Ponio, Selena (2016-01-20). "Residents, hall staff react to announced dorm renovations // The Observer". The Observer. Retrieved 2021-03-15. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  66. 66.0 66.1 66.2 66.3 66.4 66.5 Tomme, Alyson. "Hall Portrait: Badin". Magazine.nd.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-23. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  67. Glanzer, Perry L. (2017). Restoring the soul of the university : unifying Christian higher education in a fragmented age. Nathan F. Alleman, Todd C. Ream. Downers Grove, Illinois. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-8308-9163-4. OCLC 969439621. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  68. "Hope for Nepal". HOPE Initiative NFP. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
  69. http://magazine.nd.edu/news/hall-traditions-great-and-small/
  70. "Badin Hall". Office of Housing. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2012-10-26. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]


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