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Big Four international beauty pageants

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki

The Big Four refers to the four major international beauty pageants for women – Miss World, Miss Universe, Miss International and Miss Earth.[1][2][3][4][5] The group was first described by the China Daily newspaper in 2004 as "the world's four major beauty contests",[6][7] Chosun Ilbo newspaper in 2010 described them as "the world's top four beauty pageants".[8] In 2017, the Latin Times considered the group as the "most important pageants in the world".[9] In 2018, NBC News referred to them as the "four biggest international pageants",[10] while Agencia EFE delineated them in 2019 as the "four most influential beauty pageants in the world".[11][12][13]

The Big Four pageants[edit]

Hundreds of thousands of beauty contests are held annually,[14] but the Big Four are considered the most prestigious,[15] widely covered and broadcast by media.[16] The Wall Street Journal,[1] BBC News,[17] CNN,[18][19] Xinhua News Agency,[20] and global news agencies such as Reuters,[21][22] Associated Press[23] and Agence France-Presse[24][25] collectively refer to the four major pageants as "Big Four" namely:

  • Miss World is the oldest existing major international beauty pageant.[26][27] It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951.[28][29] Since Morley's death in 2000, his widow, Julia Morley, co-chairs the pageant.[30][31]
  • Miss Universe is an annual international beauty contest that is run by the Miss Universe Organization.[32][33][34] The contest was founded in 1952 by California clothing company Pacific Mills.[35][36] The pageant became part of Kayser-Roth and then Gulf+Western Industries, before being acquired by Donald Trump in 1996[37][38] and is currently owned by WME/IMG.[31][39]
  • Miss International, also called "Miss International Beauty",[40] is a Tokyo-based international beauty pageant organized by The International Culture Association. The pageant was first held in 1960.[41][42]
  • Miss Earth is an annual international environmental-themed beauty pageant promoting environmental awareness organized by Philippine-based Carousel Productions through the Miss Earth Foundation and was first held in 2001.[43][44] The pageant is affiliated and works on projects with other institutions, including Greenpeace, World Wildlife Foundation, and United Nations Environment Program.[31][45][46]
Miss World Miss Universe Miss International Miss Earth
Formation 29 July 1951; 70 years ago (1951-07-29) June 28, 1952; 69 years ago (1952-06-28) August 12, 1960; 61 years ago (1960-08-12) April 3, 2001; 20 years ago (2001-04-03)[47]
Headquarters London, United Kingdom[48] New York City, United States[49] Tokyo, Japan[50] Manila, Philippines[51]
  • Advocate humanitarian causes through Beauty With A Purpose[52]
  • Advocate humanitarian issues and be a voice to affect positive change in the world
  • Achieve a world where women can live with positivity, inner strength and individuality
  • Promote environmental awareness, conservation and social responsibility
  • Julia Morley
  • Paula Shugart
  • Akemi Shimomura
  • Lorraine Schuck and Ramon Monzon
  • Miss World Limited
  • IMG/Endeavor
  • International Cultural Association
  • Carousel Productions

Most victorious countries[edit]

The first country to win all four major international pageant titles was Brazil, when it won Miss Earth 2004.[67] Brazil has won two Miss Universe crowns, two Miss Earth crowns, one Miss World crown, and one Miss International crown.[68]

In winning Miss Earth 2005, Venezuela became the second country to win titles for each of the Big Four pageants.[69] It has produced seven Miss Universe titles, eight Miss International titles, six Miss World titles, and two Miss Earth titles.[70] By winning Miss Earth 2013, Venezuela became the first country to win all four pageants multiple times.[71]

After winning Miss World 2013, the Philippines was the third country to win all titles of the Big Four pageants.[69][72] The Philippines currently has six Miss International crowns, four Miss Earth crowns, four Miss Universe crowns, and one Miss World crown.[70] By winning Miss World 2013, Miss International 2013, Miss Earth 2014, Miss Earth 2015, and Miss Universe 2015, the Philippines achieved the feat in a span of only three calendar years.[31] The country continued its streak after winning Miss International 2016, Miss Earth 2017, and Miss Universe 2018, and currently holds the distinction of longest streak of wins in all four major beauty pageants with a streak of six successive years.[73][74][75][76]

After winning Miss Earth 2019, Puerto Rico became the fourth country to win all titles of the Big Four pageants.[77] It currently has five Miss Universe crowns and two of each in Miss World and Miss International.[78][79]

The following countries have won all the titles of the Big Four pageants:

Country Miss World[70][68][80] Miss Universe[70][68][81] Miss International[70][68][82] Miss Earth[70][68][83] Wins
  • 1955
  • 1981
  • 1984
  • 1991
  • 1995
  • 2011
  • 1979
  • 1981
  • 1986
  • 1996
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2013
  • 1985
  • 1997
  • 2000
  • 2003
  • 2006
  • 2010
  • 2015
  • 2018
  • 2005
  • 2013
  • 2013
  • 1969
  • 1973
  • 2015
  • 2018
  • 1964
  • 1970
  • 1979
  • 2005
  • 2013
  • 2016
  • 2008
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2017
 Puerto Rico
  • 1975
  • 2016
  • 1970
  • 1985
  • 1993
  • 2001
  • 2006
  • 1987
  • 2014
  • 2019
  • 1971
  • 1963
  • 1968
  • 1968
  • 2004
  • 2009

Longest streak of wins[edit]

The Philippines holds the longest streak of winning at least one of the Big Four pageant titles in a single year with wins in six consecutive years from 2013 to 2018 (Miss World 2013 and Miss International 2013, Miss Earth 2014, Miss Universe 2015 and Miss Earth 2015, Miss International 2016, Miss Earth 2017, and Miss Universe 2018),[31][73][76] and is currently the only country in the world to win at least once in all of the Big Four pageant titles in any of its titles streak. Venezuela ranks second overall in streak of Big Four pageant wins, lasting four consecutive years from 2008 to 2011 (Miss Universe 2008,[84][85] Miss Universe 2009,[86][87] Miss International 2010,[88][89] Miss World 2011).[90][91]

Multiple wins in the same year[edit]

France became the first nation to win at least 2 of the Big 4 beauty pageant titles in the same year, winning in 1953 (Miss Universe and Miss World),[92][93][94] followed by Brazil in 1968 (Miss Universe and Miss International),[95] Australia in 1972 (Miss Universe and Miss World),[96] Venezuela in 1981 (Miss Universe and Miss World) as well as in 2013 (Miss Universe and Miss Earth), India in 1994 and 2000 (Miss Universe and Miss World), Ecuador in 2011 (Miss International and Miss Earth), and the Philippines in 2013 (Miss World and Miss International) and 2015 (Miss Universe and Miss Earth).[70]

Back-to-back wins[edit]

In Miss World, three back-to-back victories have been recorded.[97] In its first two editions, Sweden recorded back-to-back with Kiki Hakansson and May-Louise Flodin in Miss World 1951 and Miss World 1952, respectively.[97] United Kingdom contestants Ann Sidney and Lesley Langley duplicated this feat in Miss World 1964 and Miss World 1965, respectively, in London.[97] The most recent back-to-back Miss World victories came from India, with Yukta Mookhey in Miss World 1999 and Priyanka Chopra in Miss World 2000 edition.[97][98]

In Miss Universe, Venezuela is currently the only country to win back-to-back in Miss Universe 2008 and Miss Universe 2009.[99][100][101] Stefanía Fernandez won the Miss Universe 2009 title in which Venezuela earned a Guinness World Records to have the first Miss Universe winner succeeded by her compatriot, Miss Universe 2008 Dayana Mendoza.[102]

In Miss Earth, the victory of Angelia Ong in Miss Earth 2015 in Austria, succeeding Jamie Herrell, Miss Earth 2014, made the Philippines to date the only country to win back-to-back in the Miss Earth pageant.[98][103][104]

Big Four pageant winners by year[edit]

Year Miss World[80] Miss Universe[81] Miss International[82] Miss Earth[83]
2019 Toni-Ann Singh[105][106]
Zozibini Tunzi[107][108]
 South Africa
Sireethorn Leearamwat[109][110]
Nellys Pimentel[111][112]
 Puerto Rico
2018 Vanessa Ponce[113][114]
Catriona Gray[115][116]
Mariem Velazco[117][118]
Nguyễn Phương Khánh[119][120]
2017 Manushi Chhillar[121][122]
Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters[123][124]
 South Africa
Kevin Liliana[125][126]
Karen Ibasco[127][128]
2016 Stephanie Del Valle[129][130]
 Puerto Rico
Iris Mittenaere[131][132]
Kylie Verzosa[133][134]
Katherine Espín[135][136]
2015 Mireia Lalaguna[137][138]
Pia Wurtzbach[139][140]
Edymar Martínez[141][142]
Angelia Ong[143][144]
2014 Rolene Strauss[145][146]
 South Africa
Paulina Vega[147][148]
Valerie Hernandez[149][150]
 Puerto Rico
Jamie Herrell[151][152]
2013 Megan Young[153][154]
Gabriela Isler[155][156]
Bea Santiago[157][158]
Alyz Henrich[159][160]
2012 Yu Wenxia[161][162]
Olivia Culpo[163][164]
 United States
Ikumi Yoshimatsu
(dethroned, no replacement)[165][166]
Tereza Fajksová[167][168]
 Czech Republic
2011 Ivian Sarcos[169][170]
Leila Lopes[171][172]
Fernanda Cornejo
Olga Álava[173][174]
2010 Alexandria Mills[175][176]
 United States
Ximena Navarrete[177][178]
Elizabeth Mosquera[179][180]
Nicole Faria[181]
[182] India
2009 Kaiane Aldorino[183][184]
Stefania Fernandez[185][186]
Anagabriela Espinoza[187][188]
Larissa Ramos[189][190]
2008 Ksenia Sukhinova[191][192]
Dayana Mendoza[193][194]
Alejandra Andreu[195][196]
Karla Henry[197][198]
2007 Zhang Zilin[199][200]
Riyo Mori
[201][202] Japan
Priscila Perales[203][204]
Jessica Trisko[205][206]
2006 Taťána Kuchařová[207][208]
 Czech Republic
Zuleyka Rivera[209][210]
 Puerto Rico
Daniela di Giacomo[211][212]
Hil Hernández[213][214]
2005 Unnur Birna Vilhjálmsdóttir[215][216]
Natalie Glebova[217][218]
Lara Quigaman[219][220]
Alexandra Braun[221][222]
2004 María Julia Mantilla[223][224]
Jennifer Hawkins[225][226]
Jeymmy Vargas[227][228]
Priscilla Meirelles[67][229]
2003 Rosanna Davison[230][231]
Amelia Vega[232][233]
 Dominican Republic
Goizeder Azúa[234][235]
Dania Prince[236][237]
2002 Azra Akın[238][239]
Oxana Fedorova[240][241]
Christina Sawaya[242][243]
Dzejla Glavovic[244][245]
 Bosnia & Herzegovina
Justine Pasek[246][247]
Winfred Omwakwe[248][249]
2001 Agbani Darego[250][251]
Denise Quiñones[252][253]
 Puerto Rico
Małgorzata Rożniecka[254][255]
Catharina Svensson[256][257]
2000 Priyanka Chopra[258][259]
Lara Dutta[260][261]
Vivian Urdaneta[262][263]
Founded 2001
1999 Yukta Mookhey[264][265]
Mpule Kwelagobe[266][267]
Paulina Gálvez[268][269]
1998 Linor Abargil[270][271]
Wendy Fitzwilliam[272][273]
 Trinidad and Tobago
Lía Victoria Borrero[274][275]
1997 Diana Hayden[276][277]
Brook Lee[278][279]
 United States
Consuelo Adler[280][263]
1996 Irene Skliva[281][282]
Alicia Machado[283][284]
Fernanda Alves[285][286]
1995 Jacqueline Aguilera[287][288]
Chelsi Smith[289][290]
 United States
Anne Lena Hansen[291][292]
1994 Aishwarya Rai[293][294]
Sushmita Sen[295][296]
Christina Lekka[297][298]
1993 Lisa Hanna[299][300]
Dayanara Torres[301][302]
 Puerto Rico
Agnieszka Pachałko[303][254]
1992 Julia Kourotchkina[304][305]
Michelle McLean[306][307]
Kirsten Davidson[292][308]
1991 Ninibeth Leal[309][310]
Lupita Jones[311][312]
Agnieszka Kotlarska[313][314]
1990 Gina Tolleson[315][316]
 United States
Mona Grudt[317][318]
Silvia de Esteban[319][320]
1989 Aneta Kręglicka[321][322]
Angela Visser[267][323]
Iris Klein[292]
1988 Linda Pétursdóttir[324][325]
Porntip Nakhirunkanok[326][327]
Catherine Alexandra Gude[292][328]
1987 Ulla Weigerstorfer[329][330]
Cecilia Bolocco[331][332]
Laurie Tamara Simpson[333][334]
 Puerto Rico
1986 Giselle Laronde[335][336]
 Trinidad and Tobago
Bárbara Palacios Teyde[337][338]
Helen Fairbrother[339][292]
1985 Hólmfríður Karlsdóttir[340][341]
Deborah Carthy Deu[342][343]
 Puerto Rico
Nina Sicilia[344][345]
1984 Astrid Carolina Herrera[346][347]
Yvonne Ryding[348][349]
Ilma Urrutia[350][351]
1983 Sarah-Jane Hutt
[352][353] United Kingdom
Lorraine Downes[354][355]
 New Zealand
Gidget Sandoval[356][357]
 Costa Rica
1982 Mariasela Álvarez[358][359]
 Dominican Republic
Karen Baldwin[360][361]
Christie Ellen Claridge[357][362]
 United States
1981 Pilín León[363][364]
Irene Sáez[365][366]
Jenny Annette Derek[367][357]
1980 Gabriella Brum[368][369]
Shawn Weatherly[370][371]
 United States
Lorna Chávez[357][356]
 Costa Rica
Kimberley Santos[372][373]
1979 Gina Swainson[374][375]
Maritza Sayalero[376][377]
Melanie Marquez[378][379]
1978 Silvana Suárez[380][381]
Margaret Gardiner[382][383]
 South Africa
Katherine Patricia Ruth[384][385][70]
 United States
1977 Mary Stävin[386][387]
Janelle Commissiong[388][389]
 Trinidad and Tobago
Pilar Medina[390][391]
1976 Cindy Breakspeare[392][393]
Rina Messinger[394][395]
Sophie Perin[396][397]
1975 Wilnelia Merced[398][399]
 Puerto Rico
Anne Marie Pohtamo[352][400]
Lidija Manić[401][402]
1974 Helen Morgan[403][404]
 United Kingdom
Amparo Muñoz Quesada[405][406]
(resigned, no replacement)
Karen Brucene Smith[407][408]
 United States
Anneline Kriel[409][410]
 South Africa
1973 Marjorie Wallace[411][412]
 United States
(dethroned, no replacement)
Margarita Moran[413][414]
Anneli Björkling[415][416]
1972 Belinda Green[417][418]
Kerry Anne Wells[419][420]
Linda Hooks[70][421]
 United Kingdom
1971 Lúcia Petterle[422][423]
Georgina Rizk[424][425]
Jane Cheryl Hansen[426][357]
 New Zealand
1970 Jennifer Hosten[427][428]
Marisol Malaret[429][430]
 Puerto Rico
Aurora Pijuan[431][432]
1969 Eva Rueber-Staier[433][434]
Gloria Diaz
[435][436] Philippines
Valerie Susan Holmes[437][438]
 United Kingdom
1968 Penelope Plummer[439][440]
Martha Vasconcellos[441][442]
Maria da Glória Carvalho[443][444]
1967 Madeline Hartog-Bel[445][446]
Sylvia Hitchcock[447][448]
 United States
Mirta Teresita Massa[449][357]
1966 Reita Faria[450][451]
Margareta Arvidsson[452][453]
1965 Lesley Langley[454][455]
 United Kingdom
Apasra Hongsakula[456][457]
Ingrid Finger[458][459]
1964 Ann Sidney[460][461]
 United Kingdom
Corinna Tsopei[462][463]
Gemma Cruz[464][465]
1963 Carole Crawford[466][467]
Ieda Maria Vargas[420][468]
Guðrún Bjarnadóttir[469][408]
1962 Catharina Lodders[470][471]
Norma Beatriz Nolan[472][473]
Tania Verstak[474][475]
1961 Rosemarie Frankland[476][353]
 United Kingdom
Marlene Schmidt[477][478]
Stam van Baer[479][480]
1960 Norma Cappagli[481][482]
Linda Bement[483][484]
 United States
Stella Márquez[485][486]
1959 Corine Rottschäfer[487][488]
Akiko Kojima[489][490]
Founded 1960
1958 Penelope Coelen[491][492]
 South Africa
Luz Marina Zuluaga[493][494]
1957 Marita Lindahl[495][496]
Gladys Zender[497][498]
1956 Petra Schürmann[499][500]
Carol Morris[501][502]
 United States
1955 Susana Duijm[503][504]
Hillevi Rombin[505][506]
1954 Antigone Costanda[507][508]
Miriam Stevenson[509][484]
 United States
1953 Denise Perrier[510][511]
Christiane Martel[509][512]
1952 May Louise Flodin[513][514]
Armi Kuusela[515][516]
1951 Kiki Håkansson[517][518]
Founded 1952

See also[edit]

  • List of beauty pageants


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  2. Kenya, News (2011-07-15). "Beauty with scandals". Standard Digital News. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
  3. Vietnam, News (2008-10-08). "Những scandal của Miss World". Vietnam Express. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-09. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. Ibrahim, Lynda (2013-09-13). "The misses and missuses of the world". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
  5. Lowe, Aya (2016-01-25). "Philippines' Miss Universe returns home, ignites dreams". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
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