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Brown-Young BY-1

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BY-1
Brown-Young BY-1.jpg
Role Cabin biplane
National origin United States
Manufacturer Columbia Aircraft Co., Tulsa OK
Designer Richard E. Young, Willis Brown
Introduction 1936
Number built 1

The Brown-Young BY-1, also called the Columbia Sesquiplane and the Model 2, was a prototype sesquiplane from Columbia Aircraft Co.

Design and development[edit]

Richard E. Young was the inventor of spiralloy, a directional glass fibre composite material used in high-strength applications. Together with Willis C. Young he designed and built the BY-1, a four-seat equivalent to the two-seat Luscombe Phantom parasol monoplane.[1][citation needed] After completion, a smaller lower wing was mounted below the fuselage, converting it to a sesquiplane with backward staggered wings. The lower wing also housed the retractable landing gear main wheels.[2]

The wings were fabric covered, while the fuselage was of all-metal construction and supported the non-retractable tailwheel.[3] A single Jacobs radial engine in the nose drove a two-bladed propeller.

Operational history[edit]

The engine from the BY-1 was later installed in the prototype MB-10 trainer. The BY-1 was scrapped at White Rock Airport in Dallas, Texas for materials during the Second World War.[2]

Specifications (Brown-Young BY-1)[edit]

Data from [1](aerofile.com)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 3
  • Powerplant: 1 × Jacobs L-4 Radial, 225 hp (168 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Aerofiles = Bown-Young". aerofiles.com. 17 April 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Skyways (55): 47. July 2000.
  3. Wood, Peter. "Rocket Science". Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 7 January 2012.

External links[edit]


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