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Campus Area Bus Service

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Campus Area Bus Service
Ohio State CABS Bus on 12th Avenue.jpg
A CABS bus driving the Campus Loop South route
ParentOhio State University
Founded1923 (1923)
Service areaOSU Columbus campus and off-campus housing
Routes5[1]
Stops51[1]
Annual ridership5 million[2]
Fuel typeCompressed natural gas, Diesel
DirectorBeth Snoke[3]
Website{{URL|example.com|optional display text}}

Campus Area Bus Service (CABS) is a free public transportation system at the Ohio State University's Columbus campus. The system consists of five bus routes that connect various points of Ohio State's campus, and the immediate off-campus area. The system connects with the Central Ohio Transit Authority's bus routes at several points.[4]

The system is one of the largest campus transit systems in the United States.[5] Ridership has grown from 4 million passengers in 2003 to an estimated 5 million passengers in 2015.[6][2]

History[edit]

Bussing has been available at Ohio State since at least 1923. At the time, there was a single 1921 Reo bus that was made out of plywood and had solid rubber tires. When it was first offered, it was primarily used to transport students between the main campus, and the agricultural campus across the Olentangy River.[7]

By the 1960s, there were 19 buses in the fleet, and buses ran as far north as Ohio State University Airport, and as far south as the Children's Hospital. There was both regularly scheduled service, and on-demand service available by calling the bus operator.[7][8]

In the 1970s, there were a series of pushes by the student governments to provide bus service between the campus area, and off-campus area where most students lived due to safety concerns.[9] In 1971, a group of students chartered a bus from the Columbus Transit Company to act as a shuttle between on-campus and off-campus arrest. Two routes served the area, one each for North and South campuses. When the service began, it cost $4 for a quarter-long pass, or 25¢ per ride. It was originally operated as a flag-stop service, meaning that students could board the bus from any intersection by signaling to the bus.[10] This off-campus service was discontinued in January 1972 due to low ridership.[11]

In 1978, a bus linking the on and off campus areas, this time operated by Ohio State, began due to an increasing rate of rape occurring near campus.[12]

In 1991, Ohio State attempted to cut daytime bus service over its cost, but halted the move after receiving negative feedback.[13] Student leaders requested time to notify would-be passengers, and daytime service was cut in January 1992.[14]

In 1998, the university began to heavily invest in bus service, raising its budget from $1 million to $2.5 million. A traffic study that year determined that adequate parking could never be built. The university found that investing in transit is cheaper than building garages. It raised parking fees for the main campus and used the funds to purchase additional buses and expand service hours (from 29,000 to 83,000). Ridership subsequently increased from 1.2 million in 1998 to 2.3 million in 1999.[15]

In 2009, CABS buses were equipped with GPS devices, giving passengers real-time arrival times for the bus system.[5]

In 2012, the university gave parking operations to a private contractor. The move cut off the bus system's revenue stream, so the university moved to fund the service from its endowment.[16]

On November 23, 2018, a bus carrying Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center employees was hit by a truck at an intersection resulting in at least 17 injuries. The truck driver was determined to be at fault. Following the incident, the university stated it would add more buses at peak times on the route to reduce overcrowding and that it was purchasing additional buses.[17]

Services[edit]

CABS routes can be planned through the Pivot app, a tool developed by Smart Columbus in 2020 for multi-modal trip planning and payment.[18][19] An earlier service, called Connect and Ride or C-Ride, was developed with researchers at Battelle Memorial Institute in 2014.[20]

Routes[edit]

The Herrick Transit Hub serves most CABS routes

CABS currently operates five routes on Ohio State's main campus. Most routes run from early morning to night on weekdays, with some routes also offering late-night, 24-hour, and weekend service.[1] Additionally, the university provides a pickup and dropoff service for disabled students.[21]

Abbreviation Route name Route description
BL Buckeye Loop Travels from the RPAC plaza near Ohio Stadium to the Buckeye Lot
CLS Campus Loop South Travels counter-clockwise around central campus, and up to the Buckeye Lot
ER East Residential Travels from the Ohio Union to off-campus housing east of campus
MC Med Center Express Travels from the Carmack parking lots to the Herrick Drive Transit Hub
WC West Campus Travels clockwise around central campus, and to the Carmack parking lots

Operation[edit]

The Campus Area Bus Service employs students for bus operation; approximately 67 percent of its drivers were students, provided with on-the-job training, in 2009.[5]

Fleet[edit]

All of the buses in the CABS fleet are outfitted with automated passenger counters and GPS devices to gather data about ridership and bus performance as a part of Ohio State's Campus Transit Lab.[22]

At least 22 of the buses in the fleet are powered by compressed natural gas (CNG) in an effort to reduce emissions, including six that were purchased with funds from the Volkswagen emissions scandal settlement.[23] The transition from diesel to CNG began around 2015 due to the environmental and cost benefits, prompting a long-term plan to move the entire bus fleet to CNG. The move follows COTA, which began operating its first 30 CNG buses in 2013.[24] CABS' fleet also includes several hybrid-electric vehicles.[25]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


Other articles of the topics Buses AND Ohio : List of COTA routes and services

Other articles of the topic Buses : List of COTA routes and services, Irizar i3, East Lancs Overseas, Dennis Trident 3, Optare Rapta, East Lancs Lowlander, Irizar i4

Other articles of the topic Ohio : Cleveland Indians, List of COTA routes and services, Billboard of Donald Trump and Ted Cruz, Harriet Belchic, Killing of Ma'Khia Bryant, Toledo Safari Park
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  • Public transit in Columbus, Ohio

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Campus Area Bus Service - 2020-2021 Service Hours and Frequency" (PDF). 2020-09-21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-01-26. Retrieved 2021-04-11. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 McCord, Mark R.; Mishalani, Rabi G.; Ettefagh, Mahsa (January 2015). "Effect of Real-Time Passenger Information Systems on Perceptions of Transit's Favorable Environmental and Traffic Reduction Roles". Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. 2538 (1): 102–109. doi:10.3141/2538-12. ISSN 0361-1981. Archived from the original on 2021-04-14. Retrieved 2021-04-13. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  3. Smola, Jennifer. "Ohio State starts massive Cannon Drive project, spurred by flood on Iowa's campus". The Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on 2021-04-13. Retrieved 2021-04-13. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. "OSU Students – COTA". Archived from the original on 2021-04-30. Retrieved 2021-04-11. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Pyle, Encarnacion (2009-12-12). "No more waiting at the bus stop - OSU outfits buses with GPS so students know when next will arrive". NewsBank. Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2021-05-19. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. "University soy biodiesel program launched at FSR". Lancaster Eagle-Gazette. 2003-09-28. p. 12B.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "University Bus In 42nd Year". The Lantern. Ohio State University School of Communication. 1965-08-05.
  8. "Some Students Beat Bell Thanks To Shuttle Buses". The Lantern. Ohio State University School of Communication. 1961-04-06.
  9. Mahoney, Patti (1970-04-29). "Funds to Decide Bus Fate". The Lantern.
  10. Janes, Terri (1971-11-30). "'Dry Run' tests CTC bus service in campus area". The Lantern.
  11. "CABS discontinued". The Lantern. Ohio State University School of Communication. 1972-01-17.
  12. Stoiber, Julie (1978-01-25). "Off-campus bus to combat rape". The Lantern. Ohio State University School of Communication.
  13. Honig, Douglas (1991-09-23). "Bus service reduced during Fall Quarter". The Lantern. Ohio State University School of Communication.
  14. Doulin, Tim (1992-01-07). "OSU Curtails its Daytime Bus Service". NewsBank. Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2021-05-19. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  15. Williams, Brian (2000-02-03). "Buses Play Big Part in OSU Strategy - the Service Has Eased the Tight Parking Situation on Campus, Officials Say". NewsBank. Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2021-05-19. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  16. Mogan Edwards, Mary (2016-01-29). "Despite complaints, parking deal results in millions for Ohio State". Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2021-05-19.
  17. "Ohio State releases video of CABS bus crash; says changes to system are being made". NBC4. 2018-12-13. Archived from the original on 2021-05-12. Retrieved 2021-05-12. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  18. Ferenchik, Mark. "Apps allow users to pay for multiple trips and find parking in the Short North, Downtown". The Columbus Dispatch.
  19. Ferenchik, Mark. "Smart Columbus pilot programs, including driver safety, Linden shuttle, up and running". The Columbus Dispatch.
  20. Gibbons, Lauren (2014-05-30). "Transportation - App that streamlines busing tested on local commuters". NewsBank. Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2021-05-19. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  21. Martini, Kathleen (2013-12-03). "Handivans increase campus accessibility". The Newark Advocate. Retrieved 2021-05-12.
  22. Ji, Yuxiong; Mishalani, Rabi G.; McCord, Mark R.; Goel, Prem K. (January 2011). "Identifying Homogeneous Periods in Bus Route Origin-Destination Passenger Flow Patterns from Automatic Passenger Counter Data". Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. 2216 (1): 42–50. doi:10.3141/2216-05. ISSN 0361-1981. Archived from the original on 2021-05-12. Retrieved 2021-04-13. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  23. Bush, Bill. "Schools, COTA use VW settlement funds for new, cleaner vehicles". The Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on 2021-04-11. Retrieved 2021-04-11. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  24. Arenschield, Laura (2015-03-23). "Ohio State takes another step toward CNG buses". NewsBank. Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2021-05-19. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  25. "New Ohio State University Diesel-electric Powered Hybrid Buses Delivered by GILLIG LLC Roll Out with Vanner Hybrid Beltless Alternators". PRWeb. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2021-04-11. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

External links[edit]

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  • Route map



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