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Dardanus (Raymond Leppard recording)

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Dardanus
File:Dardanus leppard lp.jpg
Erato LP: STU 71416
Studio album by
Raymond Leppard
Released1981
StudioÉglise Notre-Dame du Liban, Paris
GenreOpera
Length119:03
LanguageFrench
LabelErato
ProducerMichel Garcin
Dardanus
Erato CD: 4509-95312-2
Erato CD: 4509-95312-2

Dardanus is a 119-minute studio album of Jean-Philippe Rameau's opera, performed by a cast led by José van Dam, Michaël Devlin, Veronique Dietschy, Christiane Eda-Pierre, Georges Gautier, Roger Soyer and Frederica von Stade with the Chorus and Orchestra of the National Theatre of the Paris Opera under the direction of Raymond Leppard.

Background[1][2][edit | edit source]

After the first staging of Dardanus in 1739, Rameau produced several revised versions of his opera, most notably in 1744. The performing score crafted by Leppard and used in the making of this album is a conflation this latter version with that of the opera's première. Writing in the album's notes, Leppard asserted that he had "found a way to produce a version of the opera with a dramatic structure which makes theatrical sense in terms of the ebb and flow of tension and relaxation, while preserving most of the best music from both versions." Leppard's version omits Rameau's 1739 prologue, cuts some of his ballet sections and replaces his concluding danced chaconne with a chorus of praise for Venus and Love.

The album was recorded following theatrical performances of Dardanus at the Paris Opera by a cast substantially the same as that of the recording. One of these performances was broadcast by French television, and, while not yet available on DVD, may be viewed online.[3] Leppard has written a lengthy, tragi-comic account of the staging's many travails, which included a clowning violist, an incompetent organist, wire-flown singers squeaking with terror and a director and designer who abandoned the production midway through its run; he summed up Paris's Dardanus as one of the worst experiences of his conducting life, an agonizing episode that left a permanent scar on his psyche.[4]

Recording[1][edit | edit source]

The album was recorded using analogue technology in November 1980 in the Église Notre-Dame du Liban, Paris.

Packaging[1][5][edit | edit source]

The cover of the LP edition of the album features a photograph from the Paris Opera production mentioned above. The cover of the CD edition, designed by Mister Brown, shows a detail of Nicolas Poussin's Le jugement de Salomon, a painting in the Louvre, photographed by Hubert Josse.

Critical reception[edit | edit source]

Reviews[edit | edit source]

Jean-Philippe Rameau portrayed by Joseph Aved, circa 1728

The album was reviewed by Lionel Salter in Gramophone in May 1981,[6] by Eric Salzman in Stereo Review in April 1982[2] and by Nicholas Anderson in Gramophone in May 1995.[7]

Accolade[edit | edit source]

Writing in Gramophone in December 1981, Lionel Salter included the album in his Critic's Choice list of the best recordings of the year.

Track listing: CD1[1][edit | edit source]

Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683-1764)

Dardanus (1739), lyric tragedy in five acts, with libretto by Le Clerc de la Bruère, in a performing edition by Raymond Leppard

  • 1 (4:57) Overture

Act One

  • 2 (4:03) "Cesse, cruel amour" (Iphise)
  • 3 (0:42) "Ma fille, enfin le ciel" (Teucer, Iphise)
  • 4 (2:14) "Princesse, après l'espoir" (Anténor, Iphise, Teucer)
  • 5 (1:40) "Mânes plaintifs" (Teucer, Anténor)
  • 6 (2:24) "Par des jeux éclatants" (Chorus)
  • 7 (1:04) "Mars, Bellone, guidez nos coups" (Anténor, Teucer, Chorus)
  • 8 (2:12) Rigaudons I and II
  • 9 (1:32) "Guerriers, je remplirai" (Anténor, Iphise)
  • 10 (1:21) Majestic march of the warriors

Act Two

  • 11 (2:15) "Tout l'avenir est présent" (Isménor)
  • 12 (3:51) "On vient c'est Dardanus" (Isménor, Dardanus)
  • 13 (1:15) "Hâtons-nous, commençons" (Chorus)
  • 14 (2:34) Slow air, "Suspends ta brillante carrière" (Isménor)
  • 15 (4:32) Fast air, "Nos cris ont pénétré" (Isménor)
  • 16 (1:27) "Obéis aux lois des Enfers" (Chorus)
  • 17 (4:10) "Quelqu'un vient" (Isménor, Anténor, Dardanus)
  • 18 (3:55) "Je la vois" (Dardanus, Iphise)
  • 19 (5:48) "D'un penchant si fatal" (Iphise)
  • 20 (1:59) "Dardanus gémit dans nos fers" (Chorus)

Track listing: CD2[1][edit | edit source]

Act Three

  • 1 (4:39) "O jours affreux" (Iphise)
  • 2 (4:27) "Elle gémit" (Anténor, Iphise)
  • 3 (2:03) "Que l'on chante" (Chorus)
  • 4 (4:32) Divertissements: Rigaudons I and II, Minuets I and II
  • 5 (0:38) "Volez, Plaisirs, volez" (Phrygian woman)
  • 6 (2:12) Tambourins I and II
  • 7 (4:47) "Cessez vos jeux" (Teucer, Anténor), Symphony

Act Four

  • 8 (6:31) "Lieux funestes" (Dardanus)
  • 9 (4:50) "Ami tender et fidèle" (Dardanus, Isménor)
  • 10 (2:13) "Malgré le Dieu des mers" (Vénus)
  • 11 (2:28) "Par un sommeil agréable" (Three Dreams, Chorus)
  • 12 (2:17) "Un monstre furieux" (Dream)
  • 13 (2:26) "La gloire vous appelle" (Three Dreams, Chorus)
  • 14 (1:29) "Où suis-je" (Dardanus)
  • 15 (4:55) "Voici les tristes lieux" (Anténor)
  • 16 (2:02) "Mon rival va périr" (Dardanus, Anténor)

Act Five

  • 17 (1:03) "Anténor est victorieux" (Chorus)
  • 18 (4:33) "Triomphez, héros généreux" (Teucer, Iphise, Anténor, Dardanus, Chorus)
  • 19 (4:19) "Pour célébrer les feux" (Vénus)
  • 20 (2:44) "Chantons la Reine" (Chorus, Iphise, Dardanus, Teucer)

Personnel[edit | edit source]

Musicians[edit | edit source]

  • Christiane Eda-Pierre (soprano), Vénus
  • Georges Gautier (tenor), Dardanus, son of Jupiter and Electra
  • Roger Soyer (bass-baritone), Teucer, King of Phrygia
  • Frederica von Stade (mezzo-soprano), Iphise, daughter of Teucer
  • Michaël Devlin (bass-baritone), Anténor, King of a neighbouring country
  • José van Dam (bass), Isménor, a magician
  • Veronique Dietschy (soprano), a Phrygian Woman
  • Hélène Garetti, a Dream
  • Annick Duterte, a Dream
  • Monique Marandon, a Dream
  • Jean-Philippe Courtis, a Dream
  • Jean Mallandaine, harpsichord continuo
  • Dominique My, harpsichord continuo
  • Gérard Parmentier, organ continuo
  • Michel Tournus, cello continuo
  • Philippe Cheron, cello continuo
  • Jean-Marc Rollez, double bass continuo
  • Jean-Pierre Logerot, double bass continuo
  • Chorus of the National Theatre of the Paris Opera (chorus master: Jean Laforge)
  • Orchestra of the National Theatre of the Paris Opera
  • Raymond Leppard, conductor

Other[edit | edit source]

  • Michel Garcin, producer
  • Pierre Lavoix, balance engineer
  • Yolanta Skura, assistant engineer
  • Tim Oldham, mastering engineer

Release history[edit | edit source]

In 1981, Erato released the album as a double LP (catalogue number STU 71916) with a booklet including notes and libretti in English, French and German.[6] The album was not released on cassette.

In 1994, Erato issued the album as a double CD (catalogue number 4509-95312-2) with a 96-page booklet providing libretti, synopses, notes about the opera by Philippe Beaussant and notes about Leppard's edition by Leppard himself, all in English, French and German.[1]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Rameau, Jean-Philippe: Dardanus, cond. Raymond Leppard, Erato CD, 4509-95312-2, 1994
  2. 2.0 2.1 Stereo Review, April 1982, p. 106
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVA0i4CtRBU
  4. Leppard, Raymond: Raymond Leppard on Music: An Anthology of Critical and Personal Writings, Pro/Am Musical Resources Inc, 1993; pp. 138-139 and 165-168
  5. Rameau, Jean-Philippe: Dardanus, cond. Raymond Leppard, Erato LP, STU 71416, 1981
  6. 6.0 6.1 Gramophone, November 1981, p. 515
  7. Gramophone, May 1995, p. 113


Others articles of the Topic Opera : Mozart & Rossini Arias, Sylvain Fort, Frederica von Stade chante Monteverdi & Cavalli (recording), La casa imaginaria (opera), Le nozze di Figaro (Georg Solti recording), The Rossini Bicentennial Birthday Gala, Cendrillon (Julius Rudel recording)


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