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Frigate Desideria

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HNoMS Desideria
History
Norway
Name: Desideira
Namesake: Désirée Clary
Builder: Carljohansværn Naval Yard, Horten, Norway
Launched: 1851, October 10
Commissioned: 1854, March 31
Decommissioned: 1820, December 31
Fate: Unknown after 1920
General characteristics
Class and type: Sail-frigate
Length: 61,90 m
Beam: 13,40 m
Draught: 6,40 m
Draft: 1936
Speed: 11 knots
Complement: 600 (o+m)
Armament: 24 x 60 pds Paixhans guns -60 pds. and 16 x 30 pds cannon No. 1.[lower-alpha 1]
Notes:

Other equipment

1 longboat with 18 oars and sail

4 pinnace with 12 oars and sail

1 dingy with 10 oars and sail

1 jolly-boat with 4 oars and sail

HNoMS Desideria was a frigate and a training ship.[1][2]

History – Desideria[edit | edit source]

1851, Launched at Carjohansværn Shipyard, Horten, Norway

1854, March 31, commissioned

1854, March 31- October 7, extraordinary equipped for the Crimean war.

She joined a squadron consisting of another frigate, a corvette and a steam-corvette for exercises in the North Sea.

In May/June the squadron joined a Swedish/Norwegian squadron for exercises in the Baltic Sea.

1854, October 1, disarmed in Horten

1855–1870, laid up.

1871, rigged down and reequipped as training ship at Carljohansværn. The ship’s own cannons were used for the training.

1871, towed to Kristiansand, South Norway, anchored, moored at Lagmannsholmen and used as training ship.

1889, towed to Marviken Naval Station, Kristiansand, used as training ship until 1901.

1901, the cannons were removed, the vessel reequipped as accommodation ship.

1905, used for storage

1917–1918, used as accommodation ship for the training ship “Kong Sverre”.

1920, August 22, decommissioned.

1920, sold to Dalen Portland Cement-factory, Brevik, Norway as accommodation ship. The vessels further fate is unknown as a fire at the factory destroyed the archives.

Namesake[edit | edit source]

Deideria was named after the one-time fiancee of Napoleon Bonaparte, Bernadine Eugenie Desiree later married to Carl Johan Bernadotte, as such queen of Sweden and Norway from 1818 to 1844. She officially changed her name to Desideria, but never used this name herself.

[3]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Before the cruise in 1854, 4 pieces of 40 pds were taken ashore and substituted by 2 pieces of 12 pds houbits and 2 pieces of 18 pds carronades. As training ship, the armament changed according to the naval artillery development. The training for heavier artillery took place on gun-boats of Class 2 and 3, and also at larger vessels.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Heurlin, B. (2003). New Roles of Military Forces: Global and Local Implications of the Revolution in Military Affairs. Danish Institute for International Studies. p. 132. ISBN 978-87-90681-71-5. Retrieved 18 September 2018. However, the frigate Desideria, the largest warship built in Norway for two centuries, was launched without engines in 1851, in spite of the fact that a naval commission in 1844 advised that all future frigates should be equipped with screws.
  2. Lloyd's Register of British and Foreign Shipping. Cox and Wyman, printers. 1892. p. 100.
  3. Source: Norwegian Maritime Museum
  • Mo, Sverre; Norske marinefartøy; Bodoni Forlag; Bergen; 2008


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