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Gurbakhsh Singh Kala Afgana

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Gurbakhsh Singh Kala Afgana is an excommunicated Sikh and author of the controversial book Bipran ki Reet ton Sach da Marg.[1][2][3] He was born in 1922 and studied in Government High School of Mian Chunu in Multan (now in Pakistan). He attended college at the Government College of Mintgumri.

In 1947 during the partition of India he moved from Multan now in Pakistan, to Gurdaspur, in India. His family's land, house and his father's pension was left in Pakistan. He retired from the police department in 1981.

He wrote a sequel to Bipran ki Reet to Sach da Marg, in which he questioned some of the prevalent ritualistic activities among the Sikh people, including the ceremony of Sikh baptism (Amrit). Kala Afgana had also expressed concerns on the authenticity of some of the hymns (banees) recited during Sikh baptism and daily Nitnem.[4][5]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Missionaries challenge Sikh Scriptures, History and Traditions". Sikh Sangat News. 2016-04-24. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  2. Lamba, Puneet Singh. "The Sikh Times - News and Analysis - Inder Singh Ghagga Excommunicated". www.sikhtimes.com. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  3. "Op/Ed – Missionary Inder Ghagha Arrested for Hurting Sentiments of Hindus". www.sikh24.com. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  4. Lamba, Puneet Singh. "The Sikh Times - Biographies - Gurbakhsh Singh Kala Afghana: An Adi Granth Purist". www.sikhtimes.com. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  5. "HT Explainer | Know meaning and history of excommunication in Sikhism". www.hindustantimes.com/. 2018-04-14. Retrieved 2018-05-29.


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