Indus Refinery Limited

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Indus Refinery
Petro Canada Oakville Refinery.JPG
The original Petro Canada Oakville Refinery prior to being dismantled
Refinery details
OperatorIndus Refinery Limited
Owner(s)Indus Refinery Limited
CommissionedOriginally due to start Q1 2009 (Originally due to start Q1 2009)
Capacity93,000 bbl/d (14,800 m3/d)

Indus Refinery Limited was a petroleum refinery company based in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.


IRL began in 2004 as a proposal to buy, disassemble, and move a petroleum refinery from Canada to Pakistan, for use in supplying Pakistan with refined petroleum products,[1] with investment from both Middle Eastern, Pakistani, US, and UK sponsors and investors.[2] In September 2006 it was announced that a memorandum of understanding had been signed between IRL and Fauji Oil Terminal Company to open an additional oil jetty at Port Qasim to serve the refinery.[3]

In April 2007 it was announced that work on the refinery was due to start in the following month (May 2007). The refinery was originally due to be commissioned in the first quarter of 2009. The refinery was, at this point, predicted to cost US$750 million to build, and would have led to a 35% increase in Pakistan's refining capacity, with a then-predicted capacity of 126,000 barrels per day.[4]

The total amount of components to be shipped from Canada to Pakistan for the project was roughly 100,000 cubic metres. Whilst by June 2007 65% of the plant had been shipped from Canada to Pakistan for assembly, further shipments of refinery components did not take place. Ultimately the components remaining in Canada were auctioned in order to pay off haulier firms and other service providers.[1]

By March 2008 a year's the delay in the completion of the project had been announced. The CEO of IRL, Sohail Shamsi, ascribed this to political instability in Pakistan and terrorist attacks deterring investment. The original Canadian plant, based in Oakville, that had been disassembled had also been criticised for polluting the environment, and had been closed by its owners, Petro Canada, partly because of more stringent standards in sulphur content of petroleum products. At this point the forecast output of the plant was 93,000 barrels per day. The predicted cost of the refinery had increased to US$900 million.[5] A subsequent plan to increase capacity to 133,000 barrels was shelved.[6]

In October 2009 it was announced that work on the refinery had stopped entirely. It was announced that this was due to investors pulling out due to increased political risk in the wake of the assassination of Benazir Bhutto and the subsequent downgrading of Pakistan's credit-rating. The refinery was "half built" at this point according to the CEO of IRL.[6]

In August 2010 Sohail Shamsi announced that new Chinese investors had been found to support construction of the plant.[7] In July 2011, Shamsi announced that the Chinese investors had pulled out of investing in the plant.[8] In July 2013 Shamsi announced renewed interest in the project from German investors.[9]

By October 2013 the company was described as "dormant for years". Ryan Cornelius, the British owner of the principle investor company, Bahrain-based PSI Energy Holding Company, was at this time jailed under charges in Dubai that he and six other co-accused had allegedly diverted trade financing worth $501 million from the Dubai Islamic Bank to "extravagant projects", though he maintained that this money had been spent on the IRL project. At the same time Conrelius was involved in a legal battle in Pakistan over ownership of IRL, in which he claimed he had lost an 80% stake due to a sale of shares that had occurred whilst he had been in jail and unable to vote as a share-holder. Sohail Shamsi maintained that 87% of the refinery belonged to him.[1] In 2018, Cornelius was sentenced to an additional 20 years in jail in relation to the charges on top of the ten he had served since 2008.[10]

See also[edit]

Other articles of the topics Pakistan AND Energy : Reon Energy Ltd., Orient Energy Systems, Grange Holdings Power Plant

Other articles of the topic Pakistan : Daily Manaqib, Orient Energy Systems, Gilaman Wazir, Jannat Pakistan Party, Sha Posh, Nadeem Askar, Mulla Behram

Other articles of the topic Energy : Financial incentives for photovoltaics, Northgas, MRC Global, Inc., Beltrami Electric Cooperative, Afşin-C coal mine, A.M. Williams Generating Station, Nenskra hydro power plant
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  • List of oil refineries
  • Pakistan Refinery Limited
  • Pak-Arab Refinery
  • Attock Refinery
  • TransAsia Gas International


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Hasan, Saad (3 October 2013). "Jailed British tycoon fights for stake in Pakistan refinery". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  2. "Industrial Info Resources". Industrial Info Resources. 2 July 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  3. "MoU signed to build new jetty at Port Qasim". Dawn. APP. 9 September 2006. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  4. Husain, Shakir (6 April 2007). "Indus refinery construction to begin next month". Gulf News. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  5. "Indus Refinery project delayed". The News (Pakistan). 15 March 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Work on Indus Refinery stopped on security fears". Pakistan News Service. 20 October 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  7. "China to replace Europeans as lead investors in Indus Refinery". The News (Pakistan). 25 August 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  8. Staff Reporter (8 July 2011). "Indus Refinery project in jeopardy as Chinese pull out". The Nation. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  9. Hasan, Saad (28 July 2013). "Project in limbo: Indus Refinery sponsor struggles to revive project". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  10. Sanderson, Daniel (3 December 2018). "British banker Ryan Cornelius given 20 more years in Dubai jail over massive fraud". The National. Retrieved 1 November 2019.

External links[edit]

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