Le Roy Engloys
Le Roy engloys is a song found in the Bayeux Manuscript, a collection of more than a hundred songs compiled at the start if the 16th century AD by Charles III de Bourbon and written at the end of the 15th century AD, some dozens of years after the end of the Hundred Years' War.
The song contains numerous historical errors due to the fact that its composition took place close to half a century after the events it recounts. The English King Henry V is said to have died in Saint-Fiacre in Brie, while in reality he died in Vincennes. The "Captain Pregént" is Prigent VII de Coëtivy, one of the victors, along with Jean de Clermont, of the Battle of Formigny, on 18 April 1450 (3500 dead on the English side, 500 on the French side). The Middle French word used for "tails", "couez", bears a resemblance to the word "couard", meaning "coward". The word "Godon" was a French ethnic slur for English people, which may be the result of a corruption of "God-damn".
|Original lyrics in Middle French||English translation|
Le Roy Engloys se faisoit appeler
The English King named himself
Or est-il mort à Sainct-Fiacre en Brye,
But he died in Saint-Fiacre in Brie,
Ils ont chargé l’artillerie sur mer,
They have charged the artillery to the sea,
Mais leur effort n’est rien que moquerie :
But their effort is nothing but mockery:
- Gérold, Théodore (1921). Le Manuscrit de Bayeux, texte et musique d'un recueil de chansons du XVe siècle. Librairie Istria: Faculty of French Literature and Language of the University of Strasburg. p. 103. read online
- Nicolle, David (2012). The Fall of English France 1449–53. p. 29. Search this book on
- EFFE, Frédéric (22 April 2016). "Le Roy Engloys ou le roé anglais". moyenagepassion. Retrieved 16 July 2020. Unknown parameter
- de Ullmann, Stephen (December 1947). "Anglicisms in French-Notes on Their Chronology, Range, and Reception". PMLA. Modern Language Association. 62 (4): 1155–1156. doi:10.2307/459155. JSTOR 459155.
- Foulsham, Martha; Gunther, G.; Ryan, John S. (1992). "Appendix 1 Godams (Thesis, part 5)". Stand Up the Real Maid: The St Joan Theme in Selected Modern English Language and European Authors (Thesis). p. 231.
This article "Le Roy Engloys" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:Le Roy Engloys. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.