Lewis Nixon (United States Army officer)
|Born||September 30, 1918|
New York City, New York, US
|Died||January 11, 1995 (aged 76)|
Los Angeles, California, US
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1941–1945|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Battle of Normandy
Operation Market Garden
Battle of the Bulge
|Awards||American Campaign Medal|
World War II Victory Medal
Presidential Unit Citation
European–African–Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (3)
American Defense Service Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
Croix de Guerre
Belgian World War II Service Medal
Combat Infantryman Badge
Parachutist Badge (3 combat jump stars)
Captain Lewis Nixon III (September 30, 1918 – January 11, 1995) was a United States Army officer who, during World War II, served with Easy Company of the 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, part of the 101st Airborne Division ("The Screaming Eagles"). Nixon was portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers by Ron Livingston.
Lewis Nixon was born to Stanhope Wood Nixon and Doris Ryer Nixon on September 30, 1918 in New York City. He was a grandson of shipbuilder Lewis Nixon (1861–1940) and Sally Wood Nixon (died 1937). At age seven, Lewis took third place in the model yacht regatta at Conservatory Lake in Central Park on May 22, 1926, earning a gold and bronze medal in the 35-inch (890 mm) boat class. As a youth, Nixon lived in New York City and Montecito, California; he traveled the world extensively, including Germany, France, and England. Nixon graduated from the Santa Barbara school before attending Yale University for two years.
Nixon served during World War II and, after graduating from Army Officer Candidate School in 1941 as an infantry second lieutenant, he made the decision to volunteer for the parachute infantry, part of the U.S. Army's fledgling airborne forces. He was assigned to Easy Company of the 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment (506th PIR), commanded by Colonel Robert Sink. The 506th was initially an independent regiment until June 1943, when it became part of the 101st Airborne Division. He went through the regimental unit training and pre-airborne training at Camp Toccoa, Georgia, and Airborne School at Fort Benning, eventually training at many locations throughout the United States and, in September 1943, was sent to Aldbourne, Wiltshire, England, in preparation for the Allied invasion of Normandy.
Nixon was appointed as the 2nd Battalion intelligence officer (S2), and showed enough skill at his job to be moved up to the regimental level as the 506th S2, shortly after Easy Company fought in the Battle of Carentan on June 12, 1944. He served in Normandy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany, though he never fired a shot during the war. However, in the Netherlands he was hit by a stray bullet from a German MG 42 machine gun. The bullet went through his helmet, but only grazed his forehead and left a small burn mark. He developed a drinking problem, and was eventually removed and assigned back down to the 2nd Battalion as the operations officer (S3), where he continued to display his skill at planning and operations, but did not have to deal with the politics and high visibility at the regimental level. In Berchtesgaden, he had first choice of a captured, extensive wine collection originally assembled at Hermann Göring's orders, comprising bottles which were stolen from wineries across France and other European occupied territories.
Nixon was one of the few men of the 101st Airborne to jump with another division or regiment. On March 24, 1945, Nixon was assigned by Major General Maxwell Taylor, the Commanding General (CG) of the 101st, to be an observer with Major General William Miley's 17th Airborne Division during Operation Varsity, the airborne crossing of the river Rhine. Nixon's plane took a direct hit and only he and three others got out. He is also one of very few men in the 101st to earn three Combat Jump Stars on his Jump Wings.
Nixon ended World War II with the rank of captain and did not fire a single shot in combat. He saw the defeat of Germany, and returned home in September 1945.
He is known and remembered for his love of the blended whisky Vat 69. This is commemorated several times both in the book and miniseries Band of Brothers by Stephen E. Ambrose. Lewis Nixon was also remembered as always having a source of whisky no matter where the company was.
Nixon had several failed marriages; he married his last wife, Grace Umezawa, in 1956. She had been a student  in California in the spring of 1942 when the President ordered the internment of Japanese Americans. Richard Winters served as the best man at the wedding. Nixon got his life back together and overcame his alcoholism during their marriage. They had no children.
After the war, Nixon worked at the family-owned Nixon Nitration Works in Edison (then Raritan Township), New Jersey alongside his father, Stanhope.
Lewis Nixon died of complications from diabetes in Los Angeles, California, on January 11, 1995. Dick Winters gave the eulogy at the request of his wife Grace. 
Medals and decorations
Other articles of the topics Biography AND United States Army : Alex Penkala, Charles E. Grant, Luis F. Castro, Darrell Anderson, Denver Randleman, Eugene Roe, Joe Toye
Other articles of the topics United States Army AND World War II : Charles E. Grant, Paul Rogers (soldier), Norman Dike, Frank Perconte, Joseph Lesniewski, Joseph Liebgott, Denver Randleman
Other articles of the topics Biography AND World War II : Alex Penkala, Leland Evan Thomas, George I. Falgout, Maurice Joseph Manuel, Robert Burr Smith, Alvin C. Cockrell, Woodrow Wilson Barr
Other articles of the topic Biography : Fedmyster, Doug Underhill, Judy Wadsworth, Deborah Lipp, Alexis Texas, Dimitrios BaltzisΔημήτριος Γ. Μπαλτζής, Michael S. Steinger
Other articles of the topic United States Army : Allison Paganetti, Clancy Lyall, Regular Army (United States), Paul Rogers (soldier), Kevin Benderman, Steven Dale Green, Darrell Anderson
Other articles of the topic World War II : Lyman Knute Swenson, Robert Harvey Bolton, Sr., Gust J. Swenning, William Frank Seiverling Jr., Remi A. Balduck, Edwin William Hurst, Gordon Carson
Some use of "" in your query was not closed by a matching "".
- "Lewis Nixon - United States Social Security Death Index". FamilySearch. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Young Nixon Wins Yachting Honors" New York Times. 1926-05-23.
- Winters & Kingseed 2006, p. 13
- "NARA - AAD - Display Full Records - Electronic Army Serial Number Merged File, ca. 1938 - 1946 (Enlistment Records)". archives.gov. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Katharine Page's Marriage". New York Times. December 21, 1941. Retrieved 2010-03-22.
Miss Katharine Page, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Hickok Page of Phoenix, Ariz., was married yesterday in the Municipal Building to Lewis Nixon 3rd, son of Mr. and Mrs. Stanhope W. Nixon of this city, and grandson of the late Lewis Nixon, naval designer. The bride was attended by her ...
- Ambrose 1992, p. 103
- Winters & Kingseed 2006, p. 240
- Ambrose 1992, p. 270
- Winters & Kingseed 2006, pp. 220–221
- Winters & Kingseed 2006, p. 205
- Ambrose 1992, p. 245
- Winters & Kingseed 2006, p. 252
- Winters & Kingseed 2006, pp. 275–277
- Lieberman, Bruce. "Colleges award diplomas to WWII internees". sandiegouniontribune.com. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Grace H Umezawa WW2 Japanese Relocation Camp Internee Records". japaneserelocation.org. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Winters & Kingseed 2006, pp. 276
- Ambrose, Stephen E. (1992). Band of Brothers: Easy Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne from Normandy to Hitler's Eagle's Nest. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7434-6411-6. Search this book on
- Winters, Major Dick; Kingseed, Cole C. (2006). Beyond Band of Brothers: The War Memoirs of Major Dick Winters. Berkley Hardcover. ISBN 978-0-425-20813-7. Search this book on
- Lewis Nixon at Find a GraveLua error in Module:WikidataCheck at line 23: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
This article "Lewis Nixon (United States Army officer)" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.