# List of Excel functions

Excel 2016 has 484 functions. Of these, 360 existed prior to Excel 2010. Microsoft classifies these functions in 14 categories. Of the 484 functions, 386 may be called from VBA as methods of the object "WorksheetFunction" and 44 have the same names as VBA functions.

## Table of Excel functions[edit]

The following table lists all functions in Excel, as of version 2016. The meanings of the columns are explained after the table.

The source of the data is, except for column "VBA", Microsoft's documentation on Excel.^{[1]} The data in column "VBA" are from Microsoft's documentation on the VBA "WorksheetFunction" object^{[2]} and VBA functions.^{[3]} Documention on each of the functions and methods referred to in the table can be found at those references.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Function(s) | # | Version | Type | Description | Note | VBA |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

ABS | Math | Returns the absolute value of a number | F | |||

ACCRINT | Fin | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest | M | |||

ACCRINTM | Fin | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity | M | |||

ACOS | Math | Returns the arccosine of a number | M | |||

ACOSH | Math | Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number | M | |||

ACOT | 2013 | Math | Returns the arccotangent of a number | M | ||

ACOTH | 2013 | Math | Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number | M | ||

AGGREGATE | Math | Returns an aggregate in a list or database | M | |||

ADDRESS | Ref | Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet | ||||

AMORDEGRC | Fin | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient | M | |||

AMORLINC | Fin | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period | M | |||

AND | Logic | Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE | M | |||

ARABIC | 2013 | Math | Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number | M | ||

AREAS | Ref | Returns the number of areas in a reference | ||||

ASC | Text | Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters | M, F | |||

ASIN | Math | Returns the arcsine of a number | M | |||

ASINH | Math | Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number | M | |||

ATAN | Math | Returns the arctangent of a number | ||||

ATAN2 | Math | Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates | M | |||

ATANH | Math | Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number | M | |||

AVEDEV | Stat | Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean | M | |||

AVERAGE | Stat | Returns the average of its arguments | M | |||

AVERAGEA | Stat | Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||||

AVERAGEIF | Stat | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria | M | |||

AVERAGEIFS | Stat | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria. | M | |||

BAHTTEXT | Text | Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format | M | |||

BASE | Math | Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base) | M | |||

BESSELI | Eng | Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) | M | |||

BESSELJ | Eng | Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) | M | |||

BESSELK | Eng | Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) | M | |||

BESSELY | Eng | Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) | M | |||

BETADIST | Compat | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function | 1 | M | ||

BETA.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function | M | ||

BETAINV | Compat | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution | 1 | M | ||

BETA.INV | 2010 | Stat | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution | M | ||

BIN2DEC | Eng | Converts a binary number to decimal | M | |||

BIN2HEX | Eng | Converts a binary number to hexadecimal | M | |||

BIN2OCT | Eng | Converts a binary number to octal | M | |||

BINOMDIST | Compat | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability | 1 | M | ||

BINOM.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability | M | ||

BINOM.DIST.RANGE | 2013 | Stat | Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution | M | ||

BINOM.INV | 2010 | Stat | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value | M | ||

BITAND | 2013 | Eng | Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers | M | ||

BITLSHIFT | 2013 | Eng | Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits | M | ||

BITOR | 2013 | Eng | Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers | M | ||

BITRSHIFT | 2013 | Eng | Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits | M | ||

BITXOR | 2013 | Eng | Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers | M | ||

CALL | Autom | Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource | ||||

CEILING | Math | Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance | M | |||

CEILING.MATH | 2013 | Math | Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance | M | ||

CEILING.PRECISE | Math | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. | M | |||

CELL | Info | Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell | 4 | |||

CHAR | Text | Returns the character specified by the code number | ||||

CHIDIST | Compat | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | 1 | M | ||

CHIINV | Compat | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | 1 | M | ||

CHITEST | Compat | Returns the test for independence | 1 | M | ||

CHISQ.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function | M | ||

CHISQ.DIST.RT | 2010 | Stat | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | M | ||

CHISQ.INV | 2010 | Stat | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function | M | ||

CHISQ.INV.RT | 2010 | Stat | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | M | ||

CHISQ.TEST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the test for independence | M | ||

CHOOSE | Ref | Chooses a value from a list of values | M, F | |||

CLEAN | Text | Removes all nonprintable characters from text | M | |||

CODE | Text | Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string | ||||

COLUMN | Ref | Returns the column number of a reference | ||||

COLUMNS | Ref | Returns the number of columns in a reference | ||||

COMBIN | Math | Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects | M | |||

COMBINA | 2013 | Math | Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items | M | ||

COMPLEX | Eng | Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number | M | |||

CONCAT | 2016 | Text | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn't provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments. | |||

CONCATENATE | Text | Joins several text items into one text item | ||||

CONFIDENCE | Compat | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean | 1 | M | ||

CONFIDENCE.NORM | 2010 | Stat | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean | M | ||

CONFIDENCE.T | 2010 | Stat | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution | M | ||

CONVERT | Eng | Converts a number from one measurement system to another | M | |||

CORREL | Stat | Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets | M | |||

COS | Math | Returns the cosine of a number | F | |||

COSH | Math | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number | M | |||

COT | 2013 | Math | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number | M | ||

COTH | 2013 | Math | Returns the cotangent of an angle | M | ||

COUNT | Stat | Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments | M | |||

COUNTA | Stat | Counts how many values are in the list of arguments | M | |||

COUNTBLANK | Stat | Counts the number of blank cells within a range | M | |||

COUNTIF | Stat | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria | M | |||

COUNTIFS | Stat | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria | M | |||

COUPDAYBS | Fin | Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date | M | |||

COUPDAYS | Fin | Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date | M | |||

COUPDAYSNC | Fin | Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date | M | |||

COUPNCD | Fin | Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date | M | |||

COUPNUM | Fin | Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date | M | |||

COUPPCD | Fin | Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date | M | |||

COVAR | Compat | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations | 1 | M | ||

COVARIANCE.P | 2010 | Stat | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations | M | ||

COVARIANCE.S | 2010 | Stat | Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets | M | ||

CRITBINOM | Compat | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value | 1 | M | ||

CSC | 2013 | Math | Returns the cosecant of an angle | M | ||

CSCH | 2013 | Math | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle | M | ||

CUBEKPIMEMBER | Cube | Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance. | ||||

CUBEMEMBER | Cube | Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. | ||||

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY | Cube | Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member. | ||||

CUBERANKEDMEMBER | Cube | Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students. | ||||

CUBESET | Cube | Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel. | ||||

CUBESETCOUNT | Cube | Returns the number of items in a set. | ||||

CUBEVALUE | Cube | Returns an aggregated value from a cube. | ||||

CUMIPMT | Fin | Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods | M | |||

CUMPRINC | Fin | Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods | M | |||

DATE | Time | Returns the serial number of a particular date | F | |||

DATEDIF | Time | Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age. | ||||

DATEVALUE | Time | Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number | F | |||

DAVERAGE | Db | Returns the average of selected database entries | M | |||

DAY | Time | Converts a serial number to a day of the month | F | |||

DAYS | 2013 | Time | Returns the number of days between two dates | M | ||

DAYS360 | Time | Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year | M | |||

DB | Fin | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method | M | |||

DBCS | 2013 | Text | Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters | M | ||

DCOUNT | Db | Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database | M | |||

DCOUNTA | Db | Counts nonblank cells in a database | M | |||

DDB | Fin | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify | M, F | |||

DEC2BIN | Eng | Converts a decimal number to binary | M | |||

DEC2HEX | Eng | Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal | M | |||

DEC2OCT | Eng | Converts a decimal number to octal | M | |||

DECIMAL | 2013 | Math | Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number | M | ||

DEGREES | Math | Converts radians to degrees | M | |||

DELTA | Eng | Tests whether two values are equal | M | |||

DEVSQ | Stat | Returns the sum of squares of deviations | M | |||

DGET | Db | Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria | M | |||

DISC | Fin | Returns the discount rate for a security | M | |||

DMAX | Db | Returns the maximum value from selected database entries | M | |||

DMIN | Db | Returns the minimum value from selected database entries | M | |||

DOLLAR | Text | Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format | M | |||

DOLLARDE | Fin | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number | M | |||

DOLLARFR | Fin | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction | M | |||

DPRODUCT | Db | Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database | M | |||

DSTDEV | Db | Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries | M | |||

DSTDEVP | Db | Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries | M | |||

DSUM | Db | Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria | M | |||

DURATION | Fin | Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments | M | |||

DVAR | Db | Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries | M | |||

DVARP | Db | Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries | M | |||

EDATE | Time | Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date | M | |||

EFFECT | Fin | Returns the effective annual interest rate | M | |||

ENCODEURL | 2013 | Web | Returns a URL-encoded string | 4 | M | |

EOMONTH | Time | Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months | M | |||

ERF | Eng | Returns the error function | M | |||

ERF.PRECISE | 2010 | Eng | Returns the error function | M | ||

ERFC | Eng | Returns the complementary error function | M | |||

ERFC.PRECISE | 2010 | Eng | Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity | M | ||

ERROR.TYPE | Info | Returns a number corresponding to an error type | ||||

EUROCONVERT | Autom | Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation). | ||||

EVEN | Math | Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer | M | |||

EXACT | Text | Checks to see if two text values are identical | ||||

EXP | Math | Returns e raised to the power of a given number |
F | |||

EXPON.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the exponential distribution | M | ||

EXPONDIST | Compat | Returns the exponential distribution | 1 | M | ||

FACT | Math | Returns the factorial of a number | M | |||

FACTDOUBLE | Math | Returns the double factorial of a number | M | |||

FALSE | Logic | Returns the logical value FALSE | ||||

F.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the F probability distribution | M | ||

FDIST | Compat | Returns the F probability distribution | 1 | M | ||

F.DIST.RT | 2010 | Stat | Returns the F probability distribution | M | ||

FILTER | Office 365 button | Ref | Filters a range of data based on criteria you define | F | ||

FILTERXML | 2013 | Web | Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath | 4 | M | |

FIND, FINDB | 2 | Text | Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) | M | ||

F.INV | 2010 | Stat | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution | M | ||

F.INV.RT | 2010 | Stat | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution | M | ||

FINV | Stat | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution | M | |||

FISHER | Stat | Returns the Fisher transformation | M | |||

FISHERINV | Stat | Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation | M | |||

FIXED | Text | Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals | M | |||

FLOOR | Compat | Rounds a number down, toward zero | 2 | M | ||

FLOOR.MATH | 2013 | Math | Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance | M | ||

FLOOR.PRECISE | Math | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. | M | |||

FORECAST | Stat | Returns a value along a linear trend | 3 | M | ||

FORECAST.ETS | 2016 | Stat | Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm | M | ||

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT | 2016 | Stat | Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date | M | ||

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY | 2016 | Stat | Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series | M | ||

FORECAST.ETS.STAT | 2016 | Stat | Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting | M | ||

FORECAST.LINEAR | 2016 | Stat | Returns a future value based on existing values | M | ||

FORMULATEXT | 2013 | Ref | Returns the formula at the given reference as text | |||

FREQUENCY | Stat | Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array | M | |||

F.TEST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the result of an F-test | M | ||

FTEST | Compat | Returns the result of an F-test | 1 | M | ||

FV | Fin | Returns the future value of an investment | M, F | |||

FVSCHEDULE | Fin | Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates | M | |||

GAMMA | 2013 | Stat | Returns the Gamma function value | M | ||

GAMMA.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the gamma distribution | M | ||

GAMMADIST | Compat | Returns the gamma distribution | 1 | M | ||

GAMMA.INV | 2010 | Stat | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution | M | ||

GAMMAINV | Compat | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution | 1 | M | ||

GAMMALN | Stat | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) | M | |||

GAMMALN.PRECISE | 2010 | Stat | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) | M | ||

GAUSS | 2013 | Stat | Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution | M | ||

GCD | Math | Returns the greatest common divisor | M | |||

GEOMEAN | Stat | Returns the geometric mean | M | |||

GESTEP | Eng | Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value | M | |||

GETPIVOTDATA | Ref | Returns data stored in a PivotTable report | ||||

GROWTH | Stat | Returns values along an exponential trend | M | |||

HARMEAN | Stat | Returns the harmonic mean | M | |||

HEX2BIN | Eng | Converts a hexadecimal number to binary | M | |||

HEX2DEC | Eng | Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal | M | |||

HEX2OCT | Eng | Converts a hexadecimal number to octal | M | |||

HLOOKUP | Ref | Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell | M | |||

HOUR | Time | Converts a serial number to an hour | F | |||

HYPERLINK | Ref | Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet | ||||

HYPGEOM.DIST | Stat | Returns the hypergeometric distribution | M | |||

HYPGEOMDIST | Compat | Returns the hypergeometric distribution | 1 | M | ||

IF | Logic | Specifies a logical test to perform | ||||

IFERROR | Logic | Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula | M | |||

IFNA | 2013 | Logic | Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression | M | ||

IFS | 2016 | Logic | Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition. | |||

IMABS | Eng | Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number | M | |||

IMAGINARY | Eng | Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number | M | |||

IMARGUMENT | Eng | Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians | M | |||

IMCONJUGATE | Eng | Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number | M | |||

IMCOS | Eng | Returns the cosine of a complex number | M | |||

IMCOSH | 2013 | Eng | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number | M | ||

IMCOT | 2013 | Eng | Returns the cotangent of a complex number | M | ||

IMCSC | 2013 | Eng | Returns the cosecant of a complex number | M | ||

IMCSCH | 2013 | Eng | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number | M | ||

IMDIV | Eng | Returns the quotient of two complex numbers | M | |||

IMEXP | Eng | Returns the exponential of a complex number | M | |||

IMLN | Eng | Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number | M | |||

IMLOG10 | Eng | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number | M | |||

IMLOG2 | Eng | Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number | M | |||

IMPOWER | Eng | Returns a complex number raised to an integer power | M | |||

IMPRODUCT | Eng | Returns the product of complex numbers | M | |||

IMREAL | Eng | Returns the real coefficient of a complex number | M | |||

IMSEC | 2013 | Eng | Returns the secant of a complex number | M | ||

IMSECH | 2013 | Eng | Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number | M | ||

IMSIN | Eng | Returns the sine of a complex number | M | |||

IMSINH | 2013 | Eng | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number | M | ||

IMSQRT | Eng | Returns the square root of a complex number | M | |||

IMSUB | Eng | Returns the difference between two complex numbers | M | |||

IMSUM | Eng | Returns the sum of complex numbers | M | |||

IMTAN | 2013 | Eng | Returns the tangent of a complex number | M | ||

INDEX | Ref | Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array | M | |||

INDIRECT | Ref | Returns a reference indicated by a text value | ||||

INFO | Info | Returns information about the current operating environment | 4 | |||

INT | Math | Rounds a number down to the nearest integer | F | |||

INTERCEPT | Stat | Returns the intercept of the linear regression line | M | |||

INTRATE | Fin | Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security | M | |||

IPMT | Fin | Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period | M, F | |||

IRR | Fin | Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows | M, F | |||

ISBLANK | Info | Returns TRUE if the value is blank | ||||

ISERR | Info | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A | M | |||

ISERROR | Info | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value | M, F | |||

ISEVEN | Info | Returns TRUE if the number is even | M | |||

ISFORMULA | 2013 | Info | Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula | M | ||

ISLOGICAL | Info | Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value | M | |||

ISNA | Info | Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value | M | |||

ISNONTEXT | Info | Returns TRUE if the value is not text | M | |||

ISNUMBER | Info | Returns TRUE if the value is a number | M | |||

ISODD | Info | Returns TRUE if the number is odd | M | |||

ISREF | Info | Returns TRUE if the value is a reference | ||||

ISTEXT | Info | Returns TRUE if the value is text | M | |||

ISO.CEILING | 2013 | Math | Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance | M | ||

ISOWEEKNUM | 2013 | Time | Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date | M | ||

ISPMT | Fin | Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment | M | |||

JIS | Text | Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters | ||||

KURT | Stat | Returns the kurtosis of a data set | M | |||

LARGE | Stat | Returns the k-th largest value in a data set | M | |||

LCM | Math | Returns the least common multiple | M | |||

LEFT, LEFTB | 2 | Text | Returns the leftmost characters from a text value | F | ||

LEN, LENB | 2 | Text | Returns the number of characters in a text string | F | ||

LINEST | Stat | Returns the parameters of a linear trend | M | |||

LN | Math | Returns the natural logarithm of a number | M | |||

LOG | Math | Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base | M, F | |||

LOG10 | Math | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number | M | |||

LOGEST | Stat | Returns the parameters of an exponential trend | M | |||

LOGINV | Compat | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution | M | |||

LOGNORM.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution | M | ||

LOGNORMDIST | Compat | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution | M | |||

LOGNORM.INV | 2010 | Stat | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution | M | ||

LOOKUP | Ref | Looks up values in a vector or array | M | |||

LOWER | Text | Converts text to lowercase | ||||

MATCH | Ref | Looks up values in a reference or array | M | |||

MAX | Stat | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments | M | |||

MAXA | Stat | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||||

MAXIFS | 2016 | Stat | Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria | |||

MDETERM | Math | Returns the matrix determinant of an array | M | |||

MDURATION | Fin | Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 | M | |||

MEDIAN | Stat | Returns the median of the given numbers | M | |||

MID, MIDB | 2 | Text | Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify | F | ||

MIN | Stat | Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments | M | |||

MINIFS | 2016 | Stat | Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria. | |||

MINA | Stat | Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||||

MINUTE | Time | Converts a serial number to a minute | F | |||

MINVERSE | Math | Returns the matrix inverse of an array | M | |||

MIRR | Fin | Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates | M, F | |||

MMULT | Math | Returns the matrix product of two arrays | M | |||

MOD | Math | Returns the remainder from division | ||||

MODE | Compat | Returns the most common value in a data set | 1 | M | ||

MODE.MULT | 2010 | Stat | Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data | M | ||

MODE.SNGL | 2010 | Stat | Returns the most common value in a data set | M | ||

MONTH | Time | Converts a serial number to a month | F | |||

MROUND | Math | Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple | M | |||

MULTINOMIAL | Math | Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers | M | |||

MUNIT | 2013 | Math | Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension | M | ||

N | Info | Returns a value converted to a number | ||||

NA | Info | Returns the error value #N/A | ||||

NEGBINOM.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the negative binomial distribution | M | ||

NEGBINOMDIST | Compat | Returns the negative binomial distribution | 1 | M | ||

NETWORKDAYS | Time | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates | M | |||

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | 2010 | Time | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days | M | ||

NOMINAL | Fin | Returns the annual nominal interest rate | M | |||

NORM.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the normal cumulative distribution | M | ||

NORMDIST | Compat | Returns the normal cumulative distribution | 1 | M | ||

NORMINV | Stat | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution | M | |||

NORM.INV | 2010 | Compat | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution | 1 | M | |

NORM.S.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution | M | ||

NORMSDIST | Compat | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution | 1 | M | ||

NORM.S.INV | 2010 | Stat | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution | M | ||

NORMSINV | Compat | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution | 1 | M | ||

NOT | Logic | Reverses the logic of its argument | ||||

NOW | Time | Returns the serial number of the current date and time | F | |||

NPER | Fin | Returns the number of periods for an investment | M, F | |||

NPV | Fin | Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate | M, F | |||

NUMBERVALUE | 2013 | Text | Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner | M | ||

OCT2BIN | Eng | Converts an octal number to binary | M | |||

OCT2DEC | Eng | Converts an octal number to decimal | M | |||

OCT2HEX | Eng | Converts an octal number to hexadecimal | M | |||

ODD | Math | Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer | M | |||

ODDFPRICE | Fin | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period | M | |||

ODDFYIELD | Fin | Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period | M | |||

ODDLPRICE | Fin | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period | M | |||

ODDLYIELD | Fin | Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period | M | |||

OFFSET | Ref | Returns a reference offset from a given reference | ||||

OR | Logic | Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE | M | |||

PDURATION | 2013 | Fin | Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value | M | ||

PEARSON | Stat | Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient | M | |||

PERCENTILE.EXC | 2010 | Stat | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive | M | ||

PERCENTILE.INC | 2010 | Stat | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range | M | ||

PERCENTILE | Compat | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range | 1 | M | ||

PERCENTRANK.EXC | 2010 | Stat | Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set | M | ||

PERCENTRANK.INC | 2010 | Stat | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set | M | ||

PERCENTRANK | Compat | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set | 1 | M | ||

PERMUT | Stat | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects | M | |||

PERMUTATIONA | 2013 | Stat | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects | M | ||

PHI | 2013 | Stat | Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution | M | ||

PHONETIC | Text | Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string | M | |||

PI | Math | Returns the value of pi | M | |||

PMT | Fin | Returns the periodic payment for an annuity | M, F | |||

POISSON.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the Poisson distribution | M | ||

POISSON | Compat | Returns the Poisson distribution | 1 | M | ||

POWER | Math | Returns the result of a number raised to a power | M | |||

PPMT | Fin | Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period | M, F | |||

PRICE | Fin | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest | M | |||

PRICEDISC | Fin | Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security | M | |||

PRICEMAT | Fin | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity | M | |||

PROB | Stat | Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits | M | |||

PRODUCT | Math | Multiplies its arguments | M | |||

PROPER | Text | Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value | M | |||

PV | Fin | Returns the present value of an investment | M, F | |||

QUARTILE | Compat | Returns the quartile of a data set | 1 | M | ||

QUARTILE.EXC | 2010 | Stat | Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive | M | ||

QUARTILE.INC | 2010 | Stat | Returns the quartile of a data set | M | ||

QUOTIENT | Math | Returns the integer portion of a division | M | |||

RADIANS | Math | Converts degrees to radians | M | |||

RAND | Math | Returns a random number between 0 and 1 | ||||

RANDARRAY | Office 365 button | Math | Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1 | |||

RANDBETWEEN | Math | Returns a random number between the numbers you specify | M | |||

RANK.AVG | 2010 | Stat | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers | M | ||

RANK.EQ | 2010 | Stat | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers | M | ||

RANK | Compat | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers | 1 | M | ||

RATE | Fin | Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity | M, F | |||

RECEIVED | Fin | Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security | M | |||

REGISTER.ID | Autom | Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered | ||||

REPLACE, REPLACEB | 2 | Text | Replaces characters within text | M, F | ||

REPT | Text | Repeats text a given number of times | M | |||

RIGHT, RIGHTB | 2 | Text | Returns the rightmost characters from a text value | F | ||

ROMAN | Math | Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text | M | |||

ROUND | Math | Rounds a number to a specified number of digits | M, F | |||

ROUNDDOWN | Math | Rounds a number down, toward zero | M | |||

ROUNDUP | Math | Rounds a number up, away from zero | M | |||

ROW | Ref | Returns the row number of a reference | ||||

ROWS | Ref | Returns the number of rows in a reference | ||||

RRI | 2013 | Fin | Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment | M | ||

RSQ | Stat | Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient | M | |||

RTD | Ref | Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation | M | |||

SEARCH, SEARCHB | 2 | Text | Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) | M | ||

SEC | 2013 | Math | Returns the secant of an angle | M | ||

SECH | 2013 | Math | Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle | M | ||

SECOND | Time | Converts a serial number to a second | F | |||

SEQUENCE | Office 365 button | Math | Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4 | |||

SERIESSUM | Math | Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula | M | |||

SHEET | 2013 | Info | Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet | |||

SHEETS | 2013 | Info | Returns the number of sheets in a reference | |||

SIGN | Math | Returns the sign of a number | ||||

SIN | Math | Returns the sine of the given angle | F | |||

SINGLE | Ref | Returns a single value using logic known as implicit intersection | ||||

SINH | Math | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number | M | |||

SKEW | Stat | Returns the skewness of a distribution | M | |||

SKEW.P | 2013 | Stat | Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean | M | ||

SLN | Fin | Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period | M, F | |||

SLOPE | Stat | Returns the slope of the linear regression line | M | |||

SMALL | Stat | Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set | M | |||

SORT | Office 365 button | Ref | Sorts the contents of a range or array | |||

SORTBY | Office 365 button | Ref | Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array | |||

SQRT | Math | Returns a positive square root | ||||

SQRTPI | Math | Returns the square root of (number * pi) | M | |||

STANDARDIZE | Stat | Returns a normalized value | M | |||

STDEV | Compat | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample | M | |||

STDEV.P | 2010 | Stat | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population | M | ||

STDEV.S | 2010 | Stat | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample | M | ||

STDEVA | Stat | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||||

STDEVP | Compat | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population | 1 | M | ||

STDEVPA | Stat | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||||

STEYX | Stat | Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression | M | |||

SUBSTITUTE | Text | Substitutes new text for old text in a text string | M | |||

SUBTOTAL | Math | Returns a subtotal in a list or database | M | |||

SUM | Math | Adds its arguments | M | |||

SUMIF | Math | Adds the cells specified by a given criteria | M | |||

SUMIFS | Math | Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria | M | |||

SUMPRODUCT | Math | Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components | M | |||

SUMSQ | Math | Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments | M | |||

SUMX2MY2 | Math | Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays | M | |||

SUMX2PY2 | Math | Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays | M | |||

SUMXMY2 | Math | Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays | M | |||

SWITCH | 2016 | Logic | Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned. | F | ||

SYD | Fin | Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period | M, F | |||

T | Text | Converts its arguments to text | ||||

TAN | Math | Returns the tangent of a number | F | |||

TANH | Math | Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number | M | |||

TBILLEQ | Fin | Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill | M | |||

TBILLPRICE | Fin | Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill | M | |||

TBILLYIELD | Fin | Returns the yield for a Treasury bill | M | |||

T.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution | M | ||

T.DIST.2T | 2010 | Stat | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution | M | ||

T.DIST.RT | 2010 | Stat | Returns the Student's t-distribution | M | ||

TDIST | Compat | Returns the Student's t-distribution | M | |||

TEXT | Text | Formats a number and converts it to text | M | |||

TEXTJOIN | 2016 | Text | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, and includes a delimiter you specify between each text value that will be combined. If the delimiter is an empty text string, this function will effectively concatenate the ranges. | |||

TIME | Time | Returns the serial number of a particular time | F | |||

TIMEVALUE | Time | Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number | F | |||

T.INV | 2010 | Stat | Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom | M | ||

T.INV.2T | 2010 | Stat | Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution | M | ||

TINV | Compat | Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution | M | |||

TODAY | Time | Returns the serial number of today's date | ||||

TRANSPOSE | Ref | Returns the transpose of an array | M | |||

TREND | Stat | Returns values along a linear trend | M | |||

TRIM | Text | Removes spaces from text | M, F | |||

TRIMMEAN | Stat | Returns the mean of the interior of a data set | M | |||

TRUE | Logic | Returns the logical value TRUE | ||||

TRUNC | Math | Truncates a number to an integer | ||||

T.TEST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test | M | ||

TTEST | Compat | Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test | 1 | M | ||

TYPE | Info | Returns a number indicating the data type of a value | ||||

UNICHAR | 2013 | Text | Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value | M | ||

UNICODE | 2013 | Text | Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text | M | ||

UNIQUE | Office 365 button | Ref | Returns a list of unique values in a list or range | |||

UPPER | Text | Converts text to uppercase | ||||

VALUE | Text | Converts a text argument to a number | ||||

VAR | Compat | Estimates variance based on a sample | 1 | M | ||

VAR.P | 2010 | Stat | Calculates variance based on the entire population | M | ||

VAR.S | 2010 | Stat | Estimates variance based on a sample | M | ||

VARA | Stat | Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||||

VARP | Compat | Calculates variance based on the entire population | 1 | M | ||

VARPA | Stat | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||||

VDB | Fin | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method | M | |||

VLOOKUP | Ref | Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell | M | |||

WEBSERVICE | 2013 | Web | Returns data from a web service. | 4 | M | |

WEEKDAY | Time | Converts a serial number to a day of the week | M, F | |||

WEEKNUM | Time | Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year | M | |||

WEIBULL | Compat | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values | 1 | M | ||

WEIBULL.DIST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the Weibull distribution | M | ||

WORKDAY | Time | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays | M | |||

WORKDAY.INTL | 2010 | Time | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days | M | ||

XIRR | Fin | Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic | M | |||

XNPV | Fin | Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic | M | |||

XOR | 2013 | Logic | Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments | M | ||

YEAR | Time | Converts a serial number to a year | F | |||

YEARFRAC | Time | Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date | M | |||

YIELD | Fin | Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest | ||||

YIELDDISC | Fin | Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill | M | |||

YIELDMAT | Fin | Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity | M | |||

Z.TEST | 2010 | Stat | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test | M | ||

ZTEST | Compat | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test | 1 | M |

## Explanation of the columns[edit]

The columns of the table have the following meanings:

__Function(s)__: Name of the function. Where two functions are closely related and documented together, such as FIND and FINDB, they appear together.__#__: Number of functions appearing together.__Version__of Excel in which the function was introduced.__Type__: Category to which the function(s) belong, abbreviated as follows:

Category | Abbrev | Count |
---|---|---|

Add-in and Automation | Autom | 3 |

Compatibility | Compat | 38 |

Cube | Cube | 7 |

Database | Db | 12 |

Date and time | Time | 25 |

Engineering | Eng | 54 |

Financial | Fin | 55 |

Information | Info | 20 |

Logical | Logic | 11 |

Lookup and reference | Ref | 24 |

Math and trigonometry | Math | 80 |

Statistical | Stat | 112 |

Text | Text | 33 |

Web | Web | 3 |

__Description__: Action performed by the function(s).

__Note__:- In Excel 2007, these 32 functions were in the "Statistical" category (now "Compatibility").
- In Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, "FLOOR" was in the "Math and trigonometry" category (now "Compatibility").
- In Excel 2016, "FORECAST" was replaced with FORECAST.LINEAR as part of the new
*Forecasting functions*, but it's still available for compatibility with earlier versions. - These five functions are not available in Excel Online.

__VBA__:__M__for*method*: Available as method of the VBA object "WorksheetFunction".__F__for*function*: VBA has its own function with the same name.

## References[edit]

This article "List of Excel functions" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:List of Excel functions. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.

- ↑ "Excel functions (alphabetical)". Microsoft. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
- ↑ "WorksheetFunction Object (Excel)".
*Office VBA Reference*. Microsoft. Retrieved 4 November 2018. - ↑ "Functions (Visual Basic for Applications)".
*Office VBA Reference*. Microsoft. Retrieved 4 November 2018.