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List of historic properties in Jerome, Arizona

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List of historic properties
in Jerome, Arizona
Main Street and Jerome Avenue. The Connor Hotel is on the left side corner and the Liberty Teather is next to it.
Main Street and Jerome Avenue.
The Connor Hotel is on the left side corner and the Liberty Teather is next to it.

This is a list, which includes a photographic gallery, of some of the remaining structures and monuments, of historic significance in Jerome, a town in the Black Hills of Yavapai County, Arizona. Founded in the late 19th century on Cleopatra Hill overlooking the Verde Valley. Jerome is located between the cities of Phoenix and Sedona. The town became a National Historic Landmark in 1967. According to the Jerome Historical Society, the society maintains a variety of buildings, museums and special projects in and around Jerome. Some of the structures identified by the Jerome Historical Society Plaque Project as historical are pictured.[1]

Brief history[edit | edit source]

Early settlers[edit | edit source]

The Hohokam were the first people known to have lived and farmed near Jerome from 700 to 1125 BCE.[2] They were also the first miners in the area, seeking only the colorful copper-bearing minerals malachite and azurite, stones which they mostl;y used as ornaments.[3] In 1585, Spanish explorers made note of the ore[3]

The first Europeans to arrive in the area were the Spanish conquistadores. At the time the area was part of "New Mexico", and the Spaniards often organized silver and gold prospecting expeditions in the area. In 1585, Spanish explorers made note of the ore[3] but did not mine it because their government had sent them to find gold and silver, not copper.[2] The area became part of Mexico when Mexico gained its independence from Spain.[4]

The United States fought against Mexico in what is known as the Mexican-American War. The war ended officially when the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed and forced onto the remnant Mexican government. It specified its major consequence, the Mexican Cession of the northern territories of Alta California and Santa Fe de Nuevo México to the United States.[5][6][7][8]

Copper mines[edit | edit source]

William A. Clark, c. 1899.
The Connor hotel in 1899

In 1880, Frederick A. Tritle, the governor of the Arizona Territory, and Frederick F. Thomas, a mining engineer, bought the mining claims from the original owners, Angus McKinnon and Morris A. Ruffner. In 1883, James A. MacDonald and Eugene Jerome joined Tritle and Thomas. They financed the mine and Jerome became the company secretary.[9] The town was eventaully named after him.

William A. Clark bought the United Verde properties. He made improvements to the mine which icluded an enlarged the smelter.[10] He also had a narrow gauge railway, the United Verde & Pacific built to transfer ore from Jerome Junction (a railway transfer point ) to the west.[9] The town of Jerome was incorporated on March 8, 1898.

In 1914, a separate company, the United Verde Extension Mining Company (UVX), led by James S. Douglas, Jr. discovered a second ore body near Jerome that produced a bonanza.[11] The UVX Mine, also known as the Little Daisy Mine,[12] became profitable.[13]

Decline of Jerome[edit | edit source]

In 1930, during and after the Great Depression, the price of copper fell to 14 cents a pound.[14] In 1935, the Clark family sold United Verde to Phelps Dodge,[15] and in 1938 UVX went out of business.[16] As the ore deposits ran out, the mines closed. Phelps Dodge wanted to raze the town.[17]

Dozens of buildings, including the post office and jail, were lost as the earth beneath them sank away in the 1930s. Such was the case of the Jerome Jail. Jerome's housing stock and other buildings met a wide variety of fates over the years. Some burned or collapsed, such as the former Cuban Queen Bordello building which collapsed in 2017[18], and some were demolished by the Phelps Dodge Co. Among the buildings which were demolished was the Main Street Primary School in 1945 and the T.F. Miller building in 1953.[19][20] By the mid-1950s Jerome, which once was Arizona's 4th largest city, was destained to become a ghost town.[21] This however, did not happen due to the efforts of the few remaining residents who were determined to save the town. They succeeded when they turned to tourism and retail sales as a source of revenue. Jerome became a National Historic Landmark in November 13, 1966.[22]

Jerome Historical Society[edit | edit source]

The Jerome Historical Society was founded in 1953 and is located at 407 Clark Street. In 1956 the society completed negotiations with Phelps Dodge assuring that no more buildings would be torn down in the main part of Jerome.The aim of the society is to "protect, preserve and present the unique physical and natural history of Jerome…for the benefit of residents and current and future generations.”[23]

The members Jerome Historical Society do not have the ability to deny a demolition permit. Therefore, the owner of a property, even if it is listed either in the National Register of Historic Places, may demolish the historical property if he or she so wishes. According to Jim McPherson, Arizona Preservation Foundation Board President:

"It is crucial that residents, private interests, and government officials act now to save these elements of our cultural heritage before it is too late.”[24]

Historic properties pictured[edit | edit source]

One entrance of the Barlett Hotel.
The Hotel Conner.

Not every property within the Jerome Historic District is historical. The structures which have been identified as historical have a plaque mounted by the Jerome Historical Society Plaque Project.[25] The historic properties, according to the Historical Marker Database, in Jerome which are pictured are the following:[26]

  • Abandoned Little Daisy Mine headquarters c. 1890’s building located at 50 Douglas Road.[26]
  • The Barlett Hotel built in 1901 located on the intersection of Main and First Street.[26][27]
  • The Douglas Mansion was built in 1916 and is located in Little Daisy Street.[26]
  • The Hotel Conner was built in 1898 and is located on the intersection of Main Street and Jerome Ave.[26][28]
  • Jennie's Place was a brothel built in 1898 and owned by Madam Belgiam Jennie.[26][29]
  • The Jerome City Hall built c. 1890 and located on Main Street.[26]
  • The Grand Hotel was built in 1926 as the United Verde Hospital and is located at 200 Hill Street.[30]
  • The Jerome Palace built in the 1900s and located at 410 Clark Street is now home to the “Haunted Hamburger”.[26]
  • The Lawrence Memorial Hall a.k.a. Spook Hall, was built in 1917 as a garage before it became the home of J.C. Penny from 1937 to 1953. It is located on Hull Avenue.[26]
  • The Liberty Theatre was a silent movie theater built in 1918 in Jerome Avenue. It closed its doors as a theater in 1929.[31]
  • The Little Daisy Hotel was built in 1917 and located at 100 Douglas Road.[26]
  • The Paul & Jerry's Saloon was built in 1899 and served as the Senate Saloon downstairs and a Chinese Restaurant upstairs. It is located on 206 Main Street.[26][32]
  • The Reese and Amster Garage was built in 1920 and is located at 111 Main Street.[26][33]
  • The Surgeon’s Mansion was built in 1917 and served as the residence of the chief surgeon of the United Verde Copper Company’s hospital. It is located at 100 Hill Street.[34]
  • The New State Motor Building was built in 1918. It was a car dealership and show room upstairs and a garage downstairs.[26][35]
  • The Whitten Printers structure was built in 1917 and is located on the intersection of Main Street and Jerome Avenue.[26][36]
  • The Haven Methodist Church built in 1927 and located on Main Street.[26]
  • The Jerome Episcopal Christ Church was built in 1926 and is located at 407 Clark Street. It is currently used as the archives and administrative offices of the Jerome Historical Society.[37]
  • The Powder Box Church building was built in 1939 by Sabino Gonzales with stucco, wire mesh and blasting powder boxes.[38]
  • The Sliding Jail was built in 1905. It was originally located between Main Street and Hull Ave. The building was pulled apart from the wood structure to which it was attached and in the mid 30’s and began it’s 225 feet slide to the middle of Hull Ave.[26][39]

Miscellaneous

  • Audrey Shaft Headframe was built in 1918. It is the largest wooden headframe still standing in Arizona. It is located on the State Park Road.[26][40]
  • Husband's Alley is a 1913 Red Light District located on Hull Ave.[26]
  • The 1898 town Fire Alarm Bell in Main Street.[26][41]
  • Jerome Fire Fighting equipment-1890.[26]
  • The Jerome Blast Furnace is one of two furnaces found in 1888 on the Hampton Lode, United Verde Copper Company Mine by W. A. Clark. Located on 303 Main Street.[26][42]
  • Little Daisy Mine car.[26]

The properties, which according to the Historical Marker Database, are historical but, are not pictured are the following[26]:

  • The Sullivan Apartments - built in 1917 and is located at 367 Main Street.[43]
  • The Gibson Market building - built in 1917 and is located at 681 Hampshire Avenue.[44]
  • The Main Street Primary School - built in 1914 was located in the intersection of Main Street (Arizona Route 89A) and Verde Avenue before it was demolished in 1945. [45]
  • The Laura Williams Memorial Park - the land where Laura Williams owned the antique museum which housed numerous artifacts from Jerome.[46]

Historic properties and structures in Jerome[edit | edit source]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

  • "Jerome (Images of America: Arizona)"; by: Midge Steuber (Author) and the Jerome Historical Society Archives; Publisher: Arcadia Publishing; ISBN 0738558826; ISBN 978-0738558820
  • "Home Sweet Jerome: Death and Rebirth of Arizona's Richest Copper Mining City"; by: Diane Sward Rapaport; Publisher: Johnson Books; ISBN 1555664547; ISBN 978-1555664541

See also[edit | edit source]


Others articles of the Topic Arizona : List of historic properties in Williams, Arizona, Lisa Frank, ASU Undie Run
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References[edit | edit source]

  1. Museums and buildings
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Town History". Town of Jerome. 2017. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Abbott & Cook 2007, pp. 233–47.
  4. Weiser, Kathy (April 2015). "Two Guns - Death By Highway". Legends of America.
  5. Robarts, "Mexican War veterans" pp.1–24[full citation needed]
  6. Visit the cursed Apache Death Cave, where the angry spirits want you dead
  7. The story of Two Guns, Arizona could easily be described as a Shakespearian tragedy on Route 66.
  8. Early History
  9. 9.0 9.1 "A Brief History of the United Verde Open Pit: Bulletin 178"; publisher=The Arizona Bureau of Mines
  10. Clements 2003, pp. 45–47.
  11. Clements 2003, pp. 47–49.
  12. Steuber 2008, p. 123.
  13. Arizona Bureau of Mines; U.S. Geological Survey (1969). Mineral and Water Resources of Arizona: Bulletin 180, Part 2: Mineral Fuels and Associated Resources (PDF). Arizona Geological Survey. pp. 127–28.
  14. Clements 2003, p. 84.
  15. Clements 2003, p. 90.
  16. Clements 2003, p. 92.
  17. The Jerome Chronicle, Summer 1987, ‘The T.F. Miller company Building; Margaret Heyer Mason, “The 1950’s, “Jerome in Transition”, paper presented for the Jerome Historical Society Symposium, 1982.
  18. Jerome’s historic Cuban Queen Bordello collapses
  19. Main Street Primary School
  20. T.F. Miller Building
  21. Clements 2003, p. 88.
  22. "Jerome Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2009-03-03. Retrieved 2007-09-27.
  23. Jerome Historical Society
  24. Arizona Preservation Foundation
  25. Jerome Historical Society - Jerome, AZ - Historical Society Headquarters on Waymarking.com
  26. 26.00 26.01 26.02 26.03 26.04 26.05 26.06 26.07 26.08 26.09 26.10 26.11 26.12 26.13 26.14 26.15 26.16 26.17 26.18 26.19 26.20 26.21 26.22 Jerome and State=Arizona
  27. Barlett Hotel
  28. Hoetl Conner
  29. Jennie's Place
  30. AZ Central
  31. 12 NEWS
  32. Paul and Jerry's Saloon
  33. Reese and Amster Garage
  34. Surgeon’s House
  35. New State Motor Building
  36. Whitten Printers
  37. Jerome Historical Society
  38. Powder Box Church
  39. Jerome's Famous Sliding Jail
  40. Historic Audrey Shaft Headframe
  41. Husband's Alley
  42. Jerome Blast Furnace
  43. Sullivan Ap[artments
  44. Gibson Market
  45. Main Street Primary School
  46. Laura Williams Memorial Park


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