Shams Khan (Sudhan)

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Shams Khan
شمس خان
File:Colorful art of Shams Khan.png
Head-men of Sudhan tribe
Leader of Poonch
Born1778 Poonch, Kashmir and Jammu
Died18 July 1837(1837-07-18) (aged 58)
Poonch, Kashmir and Jammu

Shams Khan Maldyal [lower-alpha 1] (1778 - 1837) was governor of Poonch and chief of Maldyal and Sudhan clan, at the time Jammu and Kashmir was ruled by Gulab Singh.[1]

Shams Khan the head-men of the Maldyal and Sudhan tribe.[2][3][4][5][6] Who went into revolt against Gulab Singh. Singh made Kahuta his headquarter to deal with Maldyal and Sudhan insurgents. Shams Khan had raised the standard of revolt and had captured hill forts from a Raja. Gulab Singh placed one Rupee over the head of man, woman or child connected to the insurgents, this way about 6,000 Maldyal and Sudhans perished in the hills. Some Sudhan women were taken captives and sold into slavery.[7] Sudhan leaders Sabz Ali Khan and Malli Khan were flayed alive at Mong.[8][9]Shams Khan was killed by a traitor Nur Khan Terola in the Daigwal village of Poonch.[10]

File:Shams Khan.webm
Clashes between Shams Khan's forces with Dogras in 1837


  1. (also spelled Sardar Shams KhanSardar Shamus Khan, Sardar Shamas Khan)

Note : Sardar Shams Khan belonged to Maldyal Tribe of Taimuri Bloodline and Sardar Malli and Sardar Sabzali Khan were Sudhan (Pashtun Tribe).

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  1. Khan, Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim (1990). The Kashmir Saga. pp. 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85. Search this book on Logo.png
  2. Gupta, Hari Ram (1991). The History of the Sikhs. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. p. 136. Search this book on Logo.png
  3. Kapur, Manohar Lal (1980). History of Jammu and Kashmir State: The making of the State. Kashmir History Publications. Search this book on Logo.png
  4. Singh, K. Brahma (1990). History of Jammu and Kashmir Rifles, 1820-1956. Lancer International. p. 12. Search this book on Logo.png
  5. Cunningham, Alexander (1994). Archaeological Survey of India, Volume 2. Rahul Publishing House. p. 13. Search this book on Logo.png
  6. Smyth, George Carmichael (1847). A History of the Reigning Family of Lahore. W. Thacker and co. p. 206. Search this book on Logo.png
  7. Hastings Donnan, Marriage Among Muslims: Preference and Choice in Northern Pakistan, (Brill, 1997), 41.[1]
  8. Kapur, Manohar Lal; Kapur (1980). History of Jammu and Kashmir State: The making of the State. India: Kashmir History Publications. p. 52. Search this book on Logo.png
  9. Sapru, Arjun Nath (1931). The Building of the Jammu and Kashmir State. India. p. 5. Search this book on Logo.png
  10. Satinder Singh, Bawa (1974). The Jammu Fox. Southern Illinois University Press. p. 12. Search this book on Logo.png