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Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal

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Kingdom of Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Siyal
سلطنت عظمی کوڑا سیال

Flag of Khora Siyal
StatusIndependent/Mughal Successor State (1716–1857)
Lahore Sultanate (1760)
Princely State of British Raj (1857–1863)
Capital Arhamkot (1716–1760)
Lahore (1760)
Arhamkot (1761–1763)
Common languagesPunjabi, Sanskrit[1]
• 1716–1739
Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur
• 1739–1766
Nawab Asif Jahan
• 1766–1805
Nawab Akbar Jahan
• 1805–1826
Nawab Shariyaar Khan
• 1826–1848
Nawab Nassir-u-ddin Khan
• 1848–1863
Nawab Polo Khan
• Separation from Mughal empire
• Empire abolished by British empire
CurrencyRupee, Paisa
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mughal Empire
Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
Sikh Empire
Company rule in India
British Raj
Today part of
Part of a series on the
History of India
Satavahana gateway at Sanchi, 1st century CE

Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal (Siyal) was the former Princely State of Indian Subcontinent and British Raj.


The rulers of Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal was hereditary Indo-Pers and Turk. As the father of Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur was from the royal branch of Janjuhana Family[citation needed] and also the head of Janjuhana Family[2] while the mother of Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur was from the Timurid dynasty[3]

Janjuhana family[edit]

Janjuhana Family was from the royal linkage of Cyrus[4] who was the founder of Achaemenid empire [5] and, from the royal linkage of King janamejaya[6]who was the king of Kuru Kingdom[7][8]and the geat-grandson of main character of Mahabharta war that was Arjun.

Timurid dynasty[edit]

Timurid dynasty was founded by Timur[9]by establishing Timurid empire[10]. Timur belongs to Barlas tribe. He was the strongest ruler of Islamic world of his time.


In 1526 the ancestors of Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur conquered some states on the bank of River Sutlej and borderly areas of Punjab[11] and established a state by the name of Khora Seyal. At the same time, Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi[12]and established the Mughal empire[13] in Indian subcontinent. So the Khora Seyal[14]state also become the Semi-autonomous domain of Mughal empire.

After Aurangzeb[edit]

After the death of Aurangzeb, the Mughal empire goes to the time period of decline. In the era of Bahadur Shah I,[15][16][17]Jahandar Shah and Farrukhsiyar[18] the Mughal empire become very weak and broken into many independent and sub-independent states.[19]In the era of these emperors many provinces and state were separated from Mughal empire.


At that time the ruler of Khora Seyal was Hakam Alam Shah who ruled on Khora Seyal[20].under the supervision of Mughal empire[21].He died in 1716. After his death, his son Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur was succeeded as the ruler of Khora Seyal. When Sultan Shah Jahan was succeeded as a ruler of Khora Siyal, he declared himself as a independent ruler of Khora Seyal by established Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal.

Political status[edit]

The state goes to its glory in the region of Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur and the region of his son Nawab Asif Jahan . The all era of Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur was spent in uncountable small battles for the extension.

Lahore Sultanate[edit]

In 1760, Nawab Asif Jahan conquered the Lahore [22] durring the invisions of Maratha empire with the help of Ahmad Shah Durrani army and established first Lahore Sultanate in Indian subcontinent by announcing Lahore as the capital of empire. But this success of Nawab Asif Jahan was only for few time because he lost Lahore after few days due to insubordination between Khora Seyal and Afghan army.


Nawab Polo Khan, who was the last Nawab of Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal. He take part in War of Independence of 1857 against British rule in Indian subcontinent. After the war of Independence, the state become Semi-autonomous domain of British Raj. In 1863, Nawab Polo Khan made again attempts against British Raj,[23][24]so British empire destroyed the rule of Nawab Polo Khan. In this way, the sun of monarchy of Shah Jahan dynasty was sets.

Economical Status[edit]

Mostly public of state were attached with farming and gardening (agriculture). This state has a large number of green fields and has a big network of canals which supports the lands of state. The state also has a reservoirs of Coal.


The state was ruled by Muslims and the majority of the public of state was also Muslim[25][26]

Rulers of State[edit]

Six Nawabs ruled on Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal independently till the abolishment of empire[27]. The name of these Nawabs along with their time period are as follow:

Monarch Reign
1st Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur [28] 1716-1739 (founder of empire)
2nd Nawab Asif Jahan[29] 1739–1766
3rd Nawab Akbar Jahan[30] 1766–1805
4th Nawab Shariyaar Khan[31] 1805–1826
5th Nawab Nassir-u-ddin Khan[32] 1826–1848
6th Nawab Polo Khan[33] 1848–1863 (Empire abolished by British Raj)

In adminstration, after the Nawab of Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal second strongest power in state was considered as the empress of Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal. The name of these empresses[34] along with their husband's names are as fellow:

Empress Husband
1st Badshah Mahal Begum[35] Shah Jahan Bahadur (founder of empire)
2nd Keshvar Begum[36] Nawab Asif Jahan
3rd Noor Mahal Begum[37] Nawab Akbar Jahan
4th Malek Mahal Begum[38] Nawab Shariyaar Khan
5th Tajmah Begum[39] Nawab Nassir-u-ddin Khan
6th Shahr Bano Begum[40] (Empire abolished) Nawab Polo Khan


The Nawabs of Sultante-e-uzma empire of Khora Siyal used different royal titles with their names. The titles which were used by rulers of Sultante-e-uzma empire of Khora Siyal are as follow:

  • Sultan
  • Nawab
  • Khan
  • Sardar


  • The title of Sultan was only used by founder of the state i.e Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur.
  • The title of Nawab is used by all the rulers of state expect Sultan Shah Jahan Bahadur.
  • The title of Khan used by Nawab Shariyaar Khan , Nawab Nassir-u-ddin Khan and Nawab Polo Khan .
  • The title of Sardar was also used by the rulers of the state.


  • Lanknath,History of Indian Subcontinent Zamindars, Nawabs and Rajas.
  • The Land of the Five Rivers and Sindh: Sketches, Historical and Descriptive David Ross, Public. Languages Dept., Punjab, 1971, p. 153.
  • Archeological reconnaissnaces in northern-Western India and south-eastern Iran. London. p. 146.
  • Notable Personalities of Central Punjab, 2016
  • History of Indian Subcontinent, 1879.
  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named singh
  2. "Timurids". The Columbia Encyclopedia (Sixth ed.). New York City: Columbia University. Retrieved 2006-11-08.
  3. Schmitt Achaemenid dynasty (i. The clan and dynasty)
  4. Sampson, Gareth C. (2008). The Defeat of Rome: Crassus, Carrhae and the Invasion of the East. Pen & Sword Books Limited. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-84415-676-4. Cyrus the Great, founder of the First Persian Empire (c. 550–330 BC). Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  5. Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, 97–265.
  6. Witzel (1989)
  7. Michael Witzel, "Early Sanskritization. Origins and development of the Kuru State". B. Kölver (ed.), Recht, Staat und Verwaltung im klassischen Indien. The state, the Law, and Administration in Classical India. München : R. Oldenbourg 1997, 27-52 [1]
  8. B.F. Manz, "Tīmūr Lang", in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Online Edition, 2006
  9. Encyclopædia Britannica, "Timurid Dynasty", Online Academic Edition, 2007. (Quotation:...Turkic dynasty descended from the conqueror Timur (Tamerlane), renowned for its brilliant revival of artistic and intellectual life in Iran and Central Asia....Trading and artistic communities were brought into the capital city of Herat, where a library was founded, and the capital became the centre of a renewed and artistically brilliant Persian culture...)
  10. H K Manmohan Siṅgh. "The Punjab". The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Editor-in-Chief Harbans Singh. Punjabi University, Patiala. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  11. Mahajan, V.D. (2007). History of medieval India (10th ed.). New Delhi: S Chand. pp. 428–29. ISBN 81-219-0364-5. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  12. Davis, Paul K. (1999), 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present, Oxford University Press, p181.
  13. Keay, John (2011-04-12). India: A History. Revised and Updated. Grove/Atlantic, Inc. ISBN 978-0-8021-9550-0. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  14. Singh, p. 55.
  15. lrvine, p. 50.
  16. lrvine, p. 51.
  17. Richards, p. 288.
  18. Sailendra Nath Sen (2010). An Advanced History of Modern India. Macmillan India. p. Introduction 14. ISBN 978-0-230-32885-3. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  19. The Islamic World to 1600: Rise of the Great Islamic Empires (The Mughal Empire) Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  20. The Islamic World to 1600: Rise of the Great Islamic Empires (The Mughal Empire) Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  21. "Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal". Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  22. Markovits, Claude (2004). A history of modern India, 1480–1950. Anthem Press. pp. 386–409. ISBN 9781843310044. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  23. "Provinces of British India". Worldstatesmen.org. Worldstatesmen. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  24. McLeod, John, "The History of India", Greenwood Press (2002), ISBN 0-313-31459-4 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png., pg. 41-42.
  25. Muhammad ibn Ahmad Biruni; Edward C. Sachau (Translator) (1888). Alberuni's India: An Account of the Religion, Philosophy, Literature, Geography, Chronology, Astronomy, Customs, Laws and Astrology of India about AD 1030. Cambridge University Press. pp. 253–254. ISBN 978-1-108-04720-3. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  26. "Rulers of Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal". Rulers of Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  27. "Shah Jahan Bahadur". Shah Jahan Bahadur. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  28. "Nawab Asif Jahan". Nawab Asif Jahan. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  29. "Nawab Akbar Jahan". Nawab Akbar Jahan. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  30. "Nawab Shariyaar Khan". Nawab Shariyaar Khan. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  31. "Nawab Nassir-u-ddin". Nawab Nassir-u-ddin. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  32. "Nawab Polo Khan". Nawab Polo Khan. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  33. "Queens of Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal". Queens of Sultanate-e-uzma of Khora Seyal. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  34. "Badshah Mahal Begum". Badshah Mahal Begum. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  35. "Keshvar Begum". Keshvar Begum. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  36. "Noor Mahal Begum". Noor Mahal Begum. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  37. "Malek Begum". Malek Begum. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  38. "Tajmah Begum". Tajmah Begum. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  39. "Shahr Bano Begum". Shahr Bano Begum. Retrieved 2017-12-05.

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