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Theologian of Christianity

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Theologian of Christianity is defined as a specialist in theology or a person who is an expert on theology[1]and a scholar who studies systematically the truth of Christianity.[2] According to Martin Luther, truth is the Trinity God and His special revelation.[3] Therefore, a theologian is a person who interprets and studies God's Word and historically formed Christian doctrines. In relation to theology, German theologian Gerhard Ebeling sees Christianity as "the history of biblical interpretation".[4] Therefore, theologians have the task of systematically studying and interpreting tradition and current themes through biblical revelation. The theologian is not one who studies scholarship for himself, but one that promotes the public good of the church (public Ecclesiae bonum induxisset).[5]


According to the Oxford Dictionary, the theologian is a combination of the word theology and the suffix of man. Especially those who are familiar with Christian theology (theology + -an, a person versed in theology, especially Christian theology; divine).[6] In other words, the Christian theologian is an etymologist who studies Christian theology. The existentialist philosopher Sören Kierkegaard said that the theologian is a professor who studies the afflictions of others.[7] Jaroslav J. Pelikan claimed that the theologian was a scribe and Pharisee in the New Testament era.[8] Stanley James Grenz and Roger E. Olson (Who needs theology?) Are as follows. [9] FOLK THEOLOGIAN is a scholar who accepts friends, family, and traditions without criticism. LAY THEOLOGIAN is a person who critically assesses his faith and does not simply accept the beliefs of others. MINISTERIAL THEOLOGIAN is a person who critically evaluates his faith and strongly believes in the beliefs of others. PROFESSIONAL THEOLOGIAN is a theological vocation that teaches Christians and pastors using theological knowledge and tools. ACADEMIC THEOLOGIAN is beneficial to professional theologians studying theology, but the works of academic theologians do not provide much help for Christians and the church.

Middle age[edit]

St. Augustine, a representative theologian of Christianity and a bishop of the North African church, defined theology as a discourse on the word of God (de divinitate rationem sive sermone).[10] The theologian is the one who discusses God. The Roman Catholic theologian Thomas Aquinas defines theology as follows. He is taught by God, taught by God, and guided to God("Theologia a Deo docetur, Deum docet, et ad Deum ducit.”),[11] so we can discover theology from two scholars. Theologians are the first task of studying God.

Protestant Reformers[edit]

German theologian Martin Luther, the founder of the Reformed theology
The statue of Jean Calvin, the French theologian, the perfectionist of Protestant theology


In his COMMENTARY ON THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS 2:14, Martin Luther says that anyone who can correctly distinguish between the law and the gospel has a reason to give thanks to God and that he is a true Christian theologian. Without this separation, Christian doctrine is impossible.[12] Professor Han said that Luther described the right distinction between law and the gospel as the best touchstone to distinguish true theologians, "the highest art of Christianity," and "summam totius Christianae doctrinae."[13] In Luther's 19th article in the Heidelberg thesis, he says, "A person who seeks to interpret God's invisible on the basis of all created things can not be called a theologian." In the thesis 20, "But those who are trying to understand the parts of the back of God, which mean the crucifixion and suffering, and the visible, are worthy of being called theologians.[14] (See the Theology of the Cross.) Luther considered the social practice of the Christian faith important.


John Calvin sees the theologian as a Bible interpreter. In his preface to the Christian Forcible, he reveals that his work is to better understand the Bible.[15] Calvin calls theologians not to imagine unbiblical things.[16] They are those who study the Bible correctly, the word of God's truth.[17]

Major theologians[edit]

  • Some of the theologians of the Christian theology are:
    • Augustine,
    • Aquinas,
    • Ockham,
    • Luther,
    • Zwingli,
    • Calvin,
    • Naxos,
    • Wesley,
    • Jonathan Edwards,
    • Charles Hodge
  • And modern theologians :
    • Abraham Kipper,
    • Babink,
    • Karl Barth,
    • Burtmann,
    • Emil Bruner,
    • Bonhoeffer,
  • Liberation theologians
    • Leonardo Bof and Gustavo Gutierrez.


  • Augustine, City of God Book, VIII. I. (New York: The Modern Library, 1978).
  • John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion (Philadelphia: Westminster John Knox Press; 1960).

See also[edit]

  • Biblical law in Christianity
  • List of Christian theologians
  • Outline of theology


  1. Merriam-Webster Dictionary
  2. Naver Dictioanry
  3. A.V. Kuster, Luther and the Word of God
  4. Anthony C. Thiselton, Thiselton on Hermeneutics: The Collected Works and New Essays of Anthony; G. Ebeling, The Word f God as Tradition, 43 11-38
  5. Johnnis Calvini Commentarius in Epistolam Puli ad Romanos, ed. T. H. L. Parker (Leiden: E.J. Brill: 1981), 2]
  6. theologian
  7. [S. Kierkegaard, Journals, ed, and trans, Alexander Dru (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1938), no. 1362]
  8. Jaroslav J. Pelikan, "The Functions of Theology," in Theology in the Life of the Church, ed. Robert W. Bertam (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1963), 3]
  10. Augustine, City of God Book, VIII. I. (New York: The Modern Library, 1978). “theology, which Greek word we understand to mean an account or explanation of the divine nature.”
  11. Thomas Aquinas, Comm. in Marck., Tom. I. 9. “Theology is taught by God, teaches God, and leads to God.”
  12. Commentary on the Epistle to the Galatians (1535)by Martin Luther, Chapter 2, pp. 60-68
  13. 한병수, "루터의 율법과 복음: 유언적 관점에서", 한국조직신학논총 제43집 7‑48
  14. 마르틴 루터 지음, 『루터: 초기신학저술들』, 유정우 옮김 (서울: 두란노 아카데미, 2011). 326.
  15. John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion (Philadelphia: Westminster John Knox Press; 1960). "From the French edition of 1560',
  16. Institutes of the Christian Religion, 4.18.14
  17. Institutes of the Christian Religion, 2.3.8

Other articles of the topic Christianity : Abraham, Nathan Greene, Hong Kong Adventist Academy, Mountain View Academy (Mountain View), Macedonian Orthodox Church – Ohrid Archbishopric, International Christian Church, Oakwood Adventist Academy
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