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Tropical cyclones in 2010

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Typhoon Megi in the West Pacific was the strongest tropical cyclone worldwide in 2010

Tropical cyclones of 2010 were spread across seven oceanic basins in their respective seasons; the strongest of these tropical cyclones was Typhoon Megi (2010), which strengthened to a minimum barometric pressure of 885 mbar (hPa; 26.13 inHg) before striking the east coast of Luzon in the Philippines. Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers (RSMC) and Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers (TCWC) designated names to 67 systems worldwide, of which 46 occurred in the northern hemisphere while 21 developed in the southern hemisphere. The most active basin in 2010 was the North Atlantic, which documented 19 named systems, while the North Indian Ocean, despite only amounting to five named systems, was its basin's most active since 1998. Conversely, both the West Pacific typhoon and East Pacific hurricane seasons experienced the least number of cyclones reaching tropical storm intensity in recorded history, numbering 14 and 8, respectively. Activity across the southern hemisphere's three basins—South-West Indian, Australian, and South Pacific—was spread evenly, with each region recording seven named storms apiece. That hemisphere's strongest tropical cyclone was Cyclone Edzani, which bottomed out with a barometric pressure of 910 mbar (hPa; 26.88 inHg) in the South-West Indian Ocean.

The costliest tropical cyclone in 2010 was Hurricane Karl, which struck the Veracruz, Mexico area in September, causing US$5.6 billion in damage.[nb 1] Hurricane Alex and tropical storms Matthew, and Agatha were the only other tropical cyclones worldwide in 2010 to accrue over US$1 billion in damage. Agatha was also the year's deadliest storm, killing 190 people primarily in Guatemala after lasting for only one day over the waters of the East Pacific.

Tropical cyclone activity monitoring in each basin is officially under the purview of seven RSMCs. Both serving under the United States National Weather Service, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) monitors the North Atlantic and East Pacific, while the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) monitors the central Pacific. Pacific typhoons are tracked by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) while cyclones in the North Indian Ocean are tracked by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD).[nb 2] The Météo-France center in Réunion (MFR) oversees activity in the South-West Indian Ocean. The Australian region is actively observed by five different TCWCs, mostly under the direction of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM). This is similar to the monitoring of the South Pacific, which is done by both the Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS) and the Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited. Though not official, agencies such as the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) and Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) provide additional guidance in tropical cyclone tracking.[nb 3]

Worldwide atmospheric conditions[edit | edit source]

2010 Summary[edit | edit source]

<timeline>

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 from:01/01/2011 till:07/01/2011 text:January

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</timeline>
Tropical Cyclones Formed in 2010
Storm Intensity Number Formed
Tropical Depressions 107
Category 1 68
Category 2 43
Category 3 33
Category 4 16
Category 5 7

The above table is based on the Australian scale.

2010 Systems[edit | edit source]

A total of 107 systems formed globally in 2010 with 22 of them causing significant damage, deaths, and/or setting records for their basin.

January[edit | edit source]

Very Intense Tropical Cyclone Edzani – the first cyclone to form worldwide in 2010 – developed on January 1 in the Australian Region. It became the most powerful cyclone in the south-west Indian Ocean since 2005, reaching 10 minute sustained winds of 220 km/h (140 mph), before dissipating on January 14.


Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

February[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

March[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

April[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

May[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

June[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

July[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

August[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

September[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

October[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

November[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

December[edit | edit source]

Tropical Cyclones Formed in January 2010
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind mph (km/h) Min pressure (mbar) Areas Affected Damage (USD) Deaths Refs

2010 Storm Effects[edit | edit source]

Season Name Areas Affected Systems Formed Damage (USD) Deaths
2010 Atlantic hurricane season 7.39 billion 392
2010 Pacific hurricane season 1.62 billion 269
2010 Pacific typhoon season 2.96 billion 384
2010 North Indian Ocean cyclone season 1.65 billion 401
2009–10 Australian region cyclone season5 72 million 2
2010–11 Australian region cyclone season5 2.71 billion 3
2009–10 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season5 N/A 85
2010–11 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season5 Unknown 34
2009–10 South Pacific cyclone season5 132 million 7
2010–11 South Pacific cyclone season5 25 million 4
Worldwide / / 16.559 billion 1581

Misc.[edit | edit source]

Tropical cyclone rainfall in the Atlantic in 2010 as measured by the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission

See also[edit | edit source]


Others articles of the Topic Tropical cyclones : Hurricane Florence (2018), Hurricane Norman (2018)
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Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. All damage figures are in their respective currency's 2010 value.
  2. The Japan Meteorological Agency is the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Center for the western Pacific Ocean.[1]
  3. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center is a joint United States Navy – United States Air Force task force that issues tropical cyclone warnings for the western Pacific Ocean and other regions.[2]
5All storms occurring outside of 2010 are not counted in the death and damage figures

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Annual Report on Activities of the RSMC Tokyo – Typhoon Center 2000 (PDF) (Report). Japan Meteorological Agency. February 2001. p. 3. Retrieved 2014-07-07.
  2. "Joint Typhoon Warning Center Mission Statement". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. 2011. Archived from the original on 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2014-07-07.


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