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Adelphia (word)

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Adelphia (from the root ἀδελφ- in Greek, forming ἀδελφός, adelphós, « brother » and ἀδελφή, adelphḗ, « sister »).[1] designates the kinship between individuals born of the same parents. It does not bear any gender distinction, unlike fraternity, brotherhood and sorority[2]

The term comes from French feminism and emerged in the 2000s, in French adelphité[3].  It aims at the inclusion of all genders in the concept of kinship solidarity. Feminist and queer campaigns in France fight for the modification of the national motto from Liberté, égalité, fraternité ("Liberty, egality, fraternity") to Liberté, égalité, adelphité ("Liberty, egality, adelphia"). Fraternité, meaning brotherhood in english, is judged too sexist and exclusive of other genders[4], and as a national motto it invisibilises the presence and contribution of women (as well as non-binary and trans people) in French history and their participation in democracy.

In 2018, the Haut conseil à l'égalité entre les femmes et les hommes - a french independent consulative institution - suggested the replacement of "fraternity" in the national motto by "adelphity" or "solidarity" in its 4th recommandation.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. Les mots du contre-pouvoir: petit dico féministe, antiraciste et militant. Academia. 2022. p. 13. ISBN 978-2-8061-0659-9. Search this book on
  2. "Sororité, adelphité, intersectionalité: de quoi parle-t-on?". Oxfam France. 2 September 2021. Retrieved 2023-02-14.
  3. Mladin, Constantin-loan (2008). "Féminisme ou machisme langagier ? Encore une fois sur les enjeux de la féminisation de la langue". Annales Universitatis Apulensis. 9 (2): 73–77. ISSN 1582-5523.
  4. Arbrun, Clément (15 March 2021). "Pourquoi employer les mots "adelphe" et "adelphité" ?". Retrieved 2023-02-14.
  5. "Egalité femmes-hommes: le Haut conseil recommande de modifier la Constitution". 17 October 2022. Retrieved 2023-02-14.
  6. Bousquet, Danielle; Sénac, Réjane; Gayraud, Alice; Guiraud, Claire (18 April 2018). "Pour une Constitution garante de l'égalité femmes-hommes" (PDF). Haut conseil à l'égalité entre les femmes et les hommes. Avis n°2018-04-18-PAR-033.

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