Welcome to EverybodyWiki ! Nuvola apps kgpg.png Sign in or create an account to improve, watchlist or create an article like a company page or a bio (yours ?)...

2018–2019 Iranian general strikes and protests

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Iranian economic protests
Tehran Bazaar protests 2018-06-25 06.jpg
Closed stores at Tehran Bazaar
Date14 April 2018–present
Across Iran
Caused by
  • Economic stability
  • Prosecution of corrupt government officials
MethodsDemonstrations, civil disobedience, strikes
Parties to the civil conflict
University students
Lead figures
Hashem Khastar (Teachers representative)
Esmail Bakhshi (Workers representative)
  • Tens of thousands
Tens of thousands of law enforcement personnel
Arrested10+ in Bazaar strikes
261 truckers[1]
5 Kurdish activists[2]
21+ teachers[3] [4][5]
61 workers[6][7]

The Iranian general strikes are a series of protests that are taking place across Iran against the economic situation.



On 14 April 2018, Baneh shopkeepers started strikes which continued for twenty days.[8]


On 22 May 2018 truckers stopped working in 160 cities. Their strikes continued for ten days.[citation needed]


25 June[edit]

On 25 June 2018, shops were shut and thousands gathered in the Bazaar area of Tehran to protest the economic situation.[9][10] This was met with security forces firing tear gas at the protestors.[11] Protests against the economic situation also occurred in Shahriar, Karaj, Qeshm, Bandar Abbas, and Mashhad.[12] Some of the stores were closed enforcedly by unknown individuals.[13][14]

26 June[edit]

People in Tehran took to the streets for the third straight day on 26 June, with many shops in Tehran's Bazaar remaining closed.[15] Videos from social media showed the crowd in downtown Tehran chanting "Death to the dictator" and "Death to Palestine".[16][15] Security forces clamped down on the protesters once again, arresting a large number of people.[17]

Strikes and protests were also seen in Kermanshah, Arak and Tabriz.[17]

27 June[edit]

Protests continued for a third day in Tehran, despite a heavy security presence,[18] Reuters referred to the three days as "the biggest unrest since the start of the year". Iran's Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei, addressed the protests for the first time and called on the judiciary to punish those who disrupted economic security.[19] Many of the protests involved traders in the Grand Bazaar in Tehran, who complained that the devaluation of the Iranian rial had forced them to stop trading.[20]

28 June[edit]

On 28 June, sources told Radio Farda that merchants had closed down the Bazaar in the city of Arak.[21] Tehran's prosecutor general stated that a large number of protesters had been arrested and would likely face trial.[21] Jafar Dolatabadi also stated in an interview that the protesters grievances are not only economic, and that "people are grappling with political and social concerns".[21]


On 11 September 2018, shopkeepers in Iranian Kurdistan initiated a one-day strike in response to the missile attack by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps on the headquarters of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran, and the execution of Ramin Panahi and two other Kurd activists. In response to the strikes, the security forces arrested five Kurdish activists.[2]

On 22 September 2018, truckers across several Iranian cities restarted their strikes against the rising expenses of their jobs.[22] On 26 September, the strikes continued and were seen in Ahvaz, Qazvin, Shahreza, Borujerd, and Urmia.[23] 40 to 70 truckers in Fars, Tehran, and Qazvin province were arrested on 27 September, as strikes continued into their fifth day.[24][25] The Free Truckers Union announced that the strike had spread to 31 provinces across the country.[25] The judiciary stated that those arrested could face the death penalty.[26] On 29 September, on the eight day of the strikes, the number of truckers arrested reached 89.[27]


On 1 October, the truckers strikes reached their 10th straight day and were seen in Bukan, Khosrowshah, Arak, Fooladshahr, Nishapur, Tiran, Takestan, Kermanshah, Sanandaj, Qazvin, Karaj, Bandar Abbas, Ardabil, Dezful, Yazd, and Najafabad. The number of arrested also reached 156.[28][29] By the 13th straight day of the strike over 230 truckers were arrested.[30] The strikes continued into 8 October, and reached their 17th consecutive day. Security forces responded by arresting a number of truckers, which increased the amount of people arrested to 256.[31] On the same day, Bazaaris in multiple cities across Iran closed their shops and went on strike in protest to the economic situation. Strikes were seen in Sanandaj, Bukan, Saqqez, Marivan, Baneh, Miandoab, Tehran, Isfahan, Mashhad, Tabriz, and Chabahar.[32][33] The strikes continued into 9 October, although they were reduced in size from the previous day, and were seen in Tabriz, Shahriar, Shahreza, and Sanandaj.[34]

On 13 October 2018, teachers across Iran started a two-day nationwide strike in protest to high expenses and inflation.[35] Teachers in Tehran, Mashhad, Tabriz, Isfahan, Shiraz, Kermanshah, Ilam, Yasuj, Sanandaj, Simorgh, Hamedan, Amol, Zarrin Shahr, Gonabad, Eslamabad[disambiguation needed], Torbat-e Heydarieh, Marivan, Sarvabad, and Garmeh, went on strike.[36][37] At least two teachers were arrested on the first day of the strike.[3]

Teachers went on strike for a second day on 14 October.[38]


On 1 November 2018, truckers in Tehran, Zanjan, Isfahan, Asaluyeh, Nahavand, and Shahrud went on strike for the fourth time this year in protest to the arrest of hundreds of truckers in October.[39] Workers from several factories in Iran have been on constant strikes due to unpaid wages and inflation. On 2 November 2018, workers at the Haft Tappeh Cane Sugar Company's factory in Shush start their own strikes.

On 13th and 14th of November Iranian teachers in most provinces went on strike for the second time in 2018.[40][41] 13 teachers were arrested during this strike.[5]

On 15 November, the workers strikes escalated and protests spilled onto the streets of Shush.[42] Some workers in Shush called for the factory to be operated by a workers council.[43] The following day, the workers disrupted the Friday Prayer service of the city. They chanted "Hossein, Hossein is their cry, theft is their pride", "Death to oppressors, long live workers", and "Workers are willing to die, but will not accept oppression".[44][45] Protests continued in the streets of Shush on 17 November, despite the presence of the security forces and riot police.[46]

On the same day, hundreds of workers of the Foolad Company in Ahvaz protested in front of the Governor's office. Protestors in Ahvaz chanted "Let go of Kashoggi, think of us", and "Inflation, increasing prices, be responsible Rouhani".[43] On 18 November, nineteen protestors were arrested in Shush.[47] By 21 November , thirteen of the protesters in Shush were released from prison, the arrested protestors faced charges of "acting against the regime".[48] On 24 November, workers joined by ordinary citizens, protested in Ahvaz and clashed with the security forces.[49][50] On the same day, workers of the vegetable oil factory of Zanjan protested in front of the governor's office in Zanjan due to unpaid wages.[51] On 28 November, workers protested for the 24th consecutive day in Shush, despite the city's police commander stating that any gatherings were against the law. Protests occurred in Ahvaz on the same day, as thousands of workers took to the streets.[52]

On 18 November 2018 Workers Syndicate at the Haft Tappeh sugar mill in Iran’s Khuzestan province announced that the security forces had arrested two of their representatives, Esmail Bakhshi and Mohsen Armand.[53] The syndicate also announced that on 29 November 2018 government forces arrested its senior member Ali Nejati in his house.


On 4 December, workers in Ahvaz protested for the 25th straight day, and chanted "Palestine and Syria are the root of our problems".[54] On 17 December, the security forces cracked-down and arrested 31 workers in Ahvaz whom they i/refdentified as the leaders of the protests.[55] The day before workers had gathered in Ahvaz and declared that they would take their protest to the capital Tehran, if their demands were not met.[56] On 13 December, Ali Nejati, was transferred to hospital, after long and distressing interrogations.[57]

On 18 December, a lone protester on the island of Kish, stood in front of the main square of the city and graffitied anti-regime and pro-worker slogans, which included: "Imprisoned workers must be freed", and "long live the Shah".[58] On 18 and 19 December 2018 the security forces stormed the houses of Foolad workers in Khuzestan province and arrested up to 41 workers.[59][60][61]

15 workers at Ilam Petrochemical Plant in central western Iran were convicted to six months’ imprisonment and 74 lashes by a state court after they gathered in protest outside the factory for their fellow experienced workers being laid off. The court charged them with “disrupting public order and peace”.[62]

On 21 December, truck drivers across the country started their fifth round of nationwide strikes in protest to inflation and rising expenses.[63]

On 27 December 2018 Security forces attacked with tear gas a teachers gathering outside the education office in Isfahan, central Iran. Teachers were protesting their low salary and the arrest of their colleagues who are now in jail.[64]


Farmers gathered in Isfahan on 2 January to protest the lack of water in the Zayanderud. The protestors were met by security forces who fired tear gas and live rounds into the air to disperse the crowds.[65][66] On 22 January, retirees gathered in front of the parliament building in Tehran and chanted "Torture and forced confessions, have no effect anymore".[67]


Torture allegations[edit]

On 29 November 2018, it was reported by various news outlets that Esmaeil Bakhshi, one of the leaders of the strikes in Shush, was severely tortured during his detention and transferred to a hospital in Ahvaz.[68] Officials in Khuzestan province quickly denied the news.[69] On 4 December, members of the Haft Tape Union, warned that the health of Esmaeil Bakhshi and Sepideh Ghelyan is in a dire state, as they could not tell what time of day it was.[70] It was later revealed that while in custody, Bakhshi was attacked repeatedly with a baton, to the point where he now has difficulty walking, sitting, and sleeping. He was also given unspecified drugs.[71]

On 20 December 2018 Human rights Watch urged the regime in Iran to investigate and find an explanation for the death of Vahid Sayadi Nasiri who had been jailed for insulting the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. According to his family Nasiri had been on hunger strike but he was denied medical attention before he died.[72]

Bakhshi and Ghelyan were arrested again in January of 2019. In February of 2019 it was reported that Bakhshi's health was in serious condition while in jail.[73]


See also[edit]

Others articles of the Topic 2010s : Foundation Engine, Yoga challenge, 2018 Schoharie, New York limousine crash, 2017 Halamish stabbing attack, RE Engine, Doctor Who Prom (2013), Sadak 2

Others articles of the Topic Iran : Chelrood, Iranian legislative election, 2016 (Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr), Iranian legislative election, 1980 (Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr), Iranian legislative election, 2000 (Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr), Sar Cheshmeh, Khuzestan, Yakup Avşar, Engare

Others articles of the Topic Social movements : Criticism of debt, Koeberg Alert, Colette Pervette
Some use of "" in your query was not closed by a matching "".


  1. "نوزدهمین روز از دور جدید اعتصاب سراسری کامیون‌داران؛ افزایش شمار بازداشت‌شدگان به دست‌کم 261 تن/ ویدئو - خبرگزاری هرانا". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "اعتصاب گسترده در شهرهای کردنشین ایران". 12 September 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Nation-wide strikes of teachers in several cities of the country". Kalameh (in Persian). 14 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  4. "Six teachers arrested and condemned to be whipped in teachers' strikes". Deutsche Welle (in Persian). 25 September 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Teachers' strike; protesters were arrested". BBC Persian (in Persian). 15 November 2018. Retrieved 17 November 2018.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  6. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labors-rights/4667712.html
  7. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labors-rights/4703738.html
  8. http://pdki.org/english/general-strike-in-kurdish-cities/
  9. "Tehran sees biggest protests since 2012". 25 June 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  10. "Thousands protest in Iran over failing economy, forcing closure of Tehran's Grand Bazaar". 26 June 2018.
  11. Staff, Our Foreign (25 June 2018). "Iran protesters confront police at parliament in fresh wave of demonstrations" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  12. "اعتصاب بازار تهران: درگیری و اعتراض به گرانی در چند شهر ایران". 25 June 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  13. "Behind the scenes of the events of today's Tehran market" (in فارسی). Isna News Agency. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  14. "Shutters that were pulled down by force" (in فارسی). Tasnim News Agency. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Farda, Radio. "Dozens Arrested As Tehran Bazaar Protest Spreads To Other Cities".
  16. "گزارش واشنگتن فری بیکن: معترضان ایرانی شعار «مرگ بر فلسطین» سر می‌دهند". Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "بازداشت «تعداد زیادی»‌ از معترضان؛ تجمع‌های بازاریان به دیگر شهرهای ایران کشیده شد". رادیو فردا.
  18. "Amid Heavy Security, Tehran Bazaar Partially Open".
  19. Dehghanpisheh, Babak. "After protests, Iran's Khamenei demands punishment for those who..."
  20. "Iran's power struggle plays out in Tehran's Grand Bazaar". CNN.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 "IRAN: Prosecutor Says 'A Large Number' Of Protesters Arrested, Threatens Others". www.payvand.com. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  22. "کامیون‌داران در ایران بار دیگر دست به اعتصاب زدند". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  23. "افزایش اعتصاب کامیون‌داران در شهرهای ایران در روز چهارشنبه". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  24. "بازداشت دهها نفر از کامیون‌داران به خاطر اعتصاب سراسری". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  25. 25.0 25.1 "ادامه اعتصاب کامیون‌داران؛ حدود ۴۰ تن بازداشت شدند". رادیو فردا. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  26. "اتهام سنگین علیه کامیون‌دارانی که اعتصاب کردند و بازداشت شدند؛ احتمال صدور حکم اعدام". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  27. "هشتمین روز از دور جدید اعتصاب سراسری کامیون‌داران؛ شمار بازداشت‌شدگان به دستکم 89 تن رسید/ ویدئو - خبرگزاری هرانا". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  28. "دهمین روز از دور جدید اعتصاب سراسری کامیون‌داران؛ افزایش شمار بازداشت‌شدگان به دستکم 156 تن/ ویدئو - خبرگزاری هرانا". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  29. "ادامه اعتصاب کامیون‌داران در چند شهر ایران با وجود بازداشت و برخورد امنیتی". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  30. "#اعتراضات: سیزدهمین روز اعتصاب: ۲۳۸ راننده کامیون بازداشت شدند - رادیو زمانه". 5 October 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  31. "هفدهمین روز از دور جدید اعتصاب سراسری کامیون‌داران؛ افزایش شمار بازداشت‌شدگان به دست‌کم 256 تن/ ویدئو - خبرگزاری هرانا". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  32. "اعتصاب بازاریان در برخی از شهرهای ایران". رادیو فردا. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  33. "اعتصاب دوباره بازاریان در ایران؛ از تهران و تبریز تا سنندج و چابهار". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  34. "دومین روز اعتصاب‌ها در برخی از شهرهای ایران". 9 October 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  35. "تحصن معلمان در شهرهای مختلف در اعتراض به گرانی و تورم در ایران". 14 October 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  36. "آغاز تحصن معلمان در چندین شهر ایران". رادیو فردا. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  37. "Strike of teachers in some Iranian cities". BBC Persian (in Persian). 14 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  38. "ادامه تحصن معلمان و بازداشت یک مسئول صنفی فرهنگیان". رادیو فردا. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  39. "کامیون‌داران ایران این‌بار در اعتراض به بازداشت همکاران‌شان اعتصاب کردند". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  40. "Iranian teachers went on strike for the second time". Radio Zamaneh (in Persian). Retrieved 13 November 2018.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  41. "دومین دور تحصن سراسری معلمان؛ گزارشی از روز نخست تحصن معلمان در اعتراض به مشکلات صنفی/ تصاویر - خبرگزاری هرانا". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  42. "تجمع کارگران نیشکر هفت تپه: نه تهدید، نه زندان، دیگر اثر ندارد". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  43. 43.0 43.1 "تظاهرات گسترده در شوش در حمایت از کارگران هفت‌تپه". 17 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  44. "حضور اعتراضی کارگران نیشکر هفت تپه در نماز جمعه شوش". رادیو فردا. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  45. "اعتراض کارگران هفت تپه به نماز جمعه کشید". 16 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  46. "تجمع کارگران نیشکر هفت تپه و خانواده هایشان مقابل فرمانداری شوش". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  47. hhttps://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labors-rights/4664461.html
  48. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labors-rights/4667712.html
  49. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labors-rights/4672118.html
  50. http://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-46327868
  51. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labor-protest/4672376.html
  52. https://ir.voanews.com/a/protest-labours/4678127.html
  53. Workers’ Representatives Arrested At Haft Tappeh Sugar Mill Strike
  54. https://www.radiofarda.com/a/iran_ahwaz_workers_steel_factory/29636678.html
  55. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labors-rights/4703738.html
  56. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labors-rights/4702742.html
  57. Prominent Labor Leader Hospitalized After Interrogation
  58. https://www.radiofarda.com/a/iran-protester-writes-long-live-shah-in-kish/29662958.html
  59. Anger in Iran after police arrest striking workers in overnight raids
  60. http://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-46603616
  61. https://www.radiofarda.com/a/arrest-of-ten-more-workers-in-ahwaz-iran/29662789.html
  62. Iran sentences 15 Ilam Petrochemical workers to 74 lashes for strike
  63. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-truck-driver-protest/4711987.html
  64. Police Use Tear Gas Against Teachers Protesting In Isfahan
  65. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-farmers-protest/4725650.html
  66. http://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-46737353
  67. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-protest-strike/4753378.html
  68. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labor-protest-bakhshi-jail/4679365.html
  69. http://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-46383728
  70. http://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-46438349
  71. https://ir.voanews.com/a/iran-labours-rights/4711978.html
  72. Iran: Investigate Suspicious Deaths in Detention, Release Activists
  73. https://en.radiofarda.com/a/iran-workers-say-labor-activist-bakhshi-in-serios-condition/29750260.html

External links[edit]

This article "2018–2019 Iranian general strikes and protests" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:2018–2019 Iranian general strikes and protests. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.

Compte Twitter EverybodyWiki Follow us on https://twitter.com/EverybodyWiki !