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Adil Ahmad Dar

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Adil Ahmad Dar was a Kashmiri Militant [1] responsible for the 2019 Pulwama attack on Indian security forces, where he rammed an explosive laden car into a CRPF convoy. [2] Prior to the attack Adil Ahmad Dar had joined Jaish E Muhammad, a far right Islamist organization which seeks to separate Kashmir from Indian control.

Early life[edit | edit source]

Indian authorities have mentioned his age to be 19 at the time of the attack[3][4], indicating that he was born in 2000. He is believed to have had a relatively normal childhood and is mentioned to have been a die hard fan of Mahendra Singh Dhoni, the famed Indian cricketer at a time. [5] However a turning point in his life came at the age of 16, when he was harassed, brutalized and humiliated on his way back from school by Indian security forces that had been deployed to suppress anti-Indian protests in the region. [6] At some point after the event, he shifted his loyalties from India[7] and joined the Jaish E Muhammad to fight against Indian control over Kashmir.

Joining the militancy[edit | edit source]

A fan of Indian cricket team since a very young age, Dar seemed to be an unlikely recruit for the militant organizations. However, his views may have changed during the 2016 unrest in Kashmir that was followed by death of Burhan Wani and subsequent use of force by the Indian military and paramilitary forces against protesters, including most notably the use of pallet guns that left scores of Kashmiri civilians blinded[8]. In one incident narrated by his parents, Adil Ahmad Dar himself was beaten up by the Indian security forces on his way back from school on the accusation of stone pelting[9][6]. According to Adil Ahmad's father, he was forced to rub his nose on the ground by the police while he was detained without charge.[9] That incident has been believed to be a turning point in his life as he would refer back to it for months to come[9]. In a separate incident within the same year, Adil Ahmad Dar was hit by a bullet in leg as he came to the aid of an injured protester. The bullet injury left him bed ridden for months.[9]

It is unclear when his interactions with the militants first started, but on 19th March 2018 he left home on a bicycle, never to return. A report was filed at a local police station of him having gone missing. Days later his pictures appeared on social media showing him wielding guns.[10] He is believed to have been given an alias "Waqas Comando"[1] by the militant outfit he joined.

Involvement in Pulwama Attack[edit | edit source]

On February 14th 2019, Adil rammed a car carrying 350 Kgs of explosives into a bus carrying Indian CRPF soldiers [2], killing himself and 44 members of CRPF.

Legacy[edit | edit source]

His actions have drawn condemnations from within India and abroad. Within two days of the attacks, more than 40 countries had issued a statement condemning his actions and extending support to India[11]. However within Kashmir valley the opinions have been mixed. While everyone expressed grief at the deaths resulting from his actions, a significant chunk of the society has been much more sympathetic towards him and many even hailed him as a freedom fighter. India's national level news outlets reported that his funeral was attended by hundreds of people [12] whereas several local Kashmiri newspapers and some Pakistani newspapers reported that figure to be in several thousands [13] [14] [15]. A complete shutdown was also observed on the day following his death and clashes between Kashmiri youth and CRPF troops were reported across the valley, prompting Indian authorities to declare an indefinite curfew[16]. Multiple janazah prayers were also offered for him by the people.[17]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 News18. "Pulwama Suicide Bomber Lived 10km From Spot, Was Inspired by Taliban 'Victory' Over US".
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Scorpio SUV With 350 Kg Explosives Rammed CRPF Bus: 10 Points". NDTV.
  3. "'Our Struggle Will Go To Delhi And Gujarat': 19-Year-Old Jaish Terrorist Behind Pulwama Terror Attack". https://www.outlookindia.com/. Retrieved 2019-02-23. External link in |website= (help)
  4. Bedi, Rahul (2019-02-18). "Nine killed as Indian security forces battle Kashmir militants after suicide bombing". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  5. "Pulwama Terror Attack: Who is Adil Ahmad Dar, the JeM suicide bomber in the Pulwama Terror Attack?". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Kashmir suicide bomber radicalized after beating by troops, parents..." Reuters. 2019-02-15. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  7. "Pulwama terror attack: Bomber Adil Ahmad Dar had shifted loyalties". India Today. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  8. Waheed, Mirza (2016-11-08). "India's crackdown in Kashmir: is this the world's first mass blinding?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 "'Desperately wanted him to quit': Pulwama suicide bomber Adil Dar's mother". https://www.hindustantimes.com/. 2019-02-16. Retrieved 2019-02-23. External link in |website= (help)
  10. "Pulwama Attacker 'Never Showed Inclination to Join Militancy,' Says Family". The Wire. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  11. "48 countries condemn Pulwama attack, extend support to India - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  12. "Adil Ahmad Dar: murder machine from moderate school". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  13. "Thousands reach militant's house in Pulwama to offer funeral prayers". The Kashmir Walla. 2019-02-15. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  14. Reader, K. (2019-02-14). "Thousands gather for funeral". Kashmir Reader. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  15. "Funeral prayers in absentia held for slain JeM militant who attacked CRPF in Awantipora". True Scoop News. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  16. Staff, Scroll. "Pulwama attack: Curfew imposed in parts of Jammu after arson and stone-pelting". Scroll.in. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  17. "Regretting loss of lives, Pulwama bomber's father warns of more attacks if Kashmir issue not solved". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2019-02-23.

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