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Alain Chouraqui

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Alain Chouraqui
Born (1949-11-17) November 17, 1949 (age 69)
Casablanca, Morocco
NationalityFrench
Occupation
  • Emeritus research director CNRS (National Center for Civic Research)
  • Founding-President of the “Camp des Milles Foundation – Memory and Education”
  • Head of the UNESCO Chair "Education to Citizenship, Human Sciences and convergence of memories".
  • Past President of the International Research Committee on Participation and Organizational Democracy (ISA)
  • Member of the National Council of Cities
  • Member of the Scientific Council of LICRA (International League against Racism and Anti-Semitism)

Alain Chouraqui is born on November 17th, 1949, in Casablanca, Morocco. He is Emeritus research director at the National Center for Civic Research (CNRS).[1], Founding-Director of the European Multidisciplinary Federative Institute « Rights, regulations and social transformations » of Aix-Marseille University, and Founding-President of the “Camp des Milles Foundation – Memory and Education"[2].

Since 2015, he is also the head of the UNESCO Chair "Education to Citizenship, Human Sciences and convergence of memories"[3].

In 2016, he is awarded the Seligmann Price against racism, intolerance and injustice[4] from the Chancellery of Universities, for his book « POUR RESISTER…à l’engrenage des extrémismes, des racismes et de l’antisémitisme » (Cherche-Midi editions)[5].

Biography[edit | edit source]

Alain Chouraqui is born on November 17th, 1949, in Casablanca, Morocco. He is the son of Sydney Chouraqui and Juliette Ayache. He is Emeritus research director at the National Center for Civic Research (CNRS) and Founding-President of the “Camp des Milles Foundation – Memory and Education” which permitted to open in 2012 the Memorial-Site of Camp des Milles[6][7]. This opening was the completion of a work started in 1982 with resistant fighters and deportees for the conservation of the last French internment and deportation still intact and its transformation in a place of remembrance, civic education and culture.

He is the head of the UNESCO Chair "Education to Citizenship, Human Sciences and convergence of memories" (coordination of universities in 14 countries, European, Arab, African and Asian). This Chair has been inaugurated on October 8th, 2015, at the Camp des Milles by the French President and the Director-General of UNESCO. The Chair has enabled the development of an international web of memorial institutions: “Memory at the service of education and citizenship” aiming to promote and bring closer memorial sites’ experiences to spread tools to understand the past and apply them in the present time to fight for democratic principles and against authoritarian derives, extremisms, racism and anti-Semitism. This web gathers around forty members, in France and abroad, such as the National Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau (Poland), the Kigali Genocide Memorial (Rwanda), the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (United States), the Kazerne Dossin (Belgium), the Fossoli Camp (Italy), or the Conference House of Wannsee (Germany) and the Post-Conflict Research Center à Sarajevo (Bosnia-Herzegovina).

He is the author or editor of several scientific publications in France and abroad (direction and realization of seven personal works, 32 contributions and 174 articles, published in 12 distinct languages in 20 countries). He provides or has provided teaching and conferences in several French and foreign universities.

He coordinates several research programs at the national, European and international levels, and has organized more than 60 international scientific meetings. He has been elected –and reelected – President of the hiring board of Law and Political Sciences teachers of the Mediterranean University. He has been or is expert for several European and international organizations (BIT, European Commission, European Foundation of Dublin, UNESCO, etc.). From a multidisciplinary background (law, political sciences, sociology), Alain Chouraqui uses the approaches of all these subjects on the evolution of systems of rules and landmarks in groups or societies faced with crises or lasting destabilization and reconstruction. He applies this multidisciplinary approach to societal relationships and working ones in particular. He currently studies the question of a “European social model” and the creation of social rules at a global level.

During thirty years, he has worked on questions of democratic participation, included in the construction of European and global regulations. This has led him to be elected – and reelected- during seven years as President of the International Research Committee on Organizational and Democratic Participation (66 countries represented).

In this perspective, he created in 2010 the European Multidisciplinary Federative Institute « Rights, regulations and social transformations » of Aix-Marseille University, and founded in 2011 the collection Rights, regulations and actors of social transformations (DREAMS), at Peter Lang publisher, international scientific editor (Berne, Oxford, New-York, Francfort).

Alain Chouraqui has always worked to bring closer research programmes and major social issues throughout the knowledge chain; by taking them into account in the choice of research topics, by research processes with social actors and by a wide diffusion methodology of multidisciplinary results. The Museum memorial of Camp des Milles, of which he spearheaded the creation, provides a significant example of it.

His memory, scientific and citizen work has led him to more than 5000 interviews, articles or subjects about him in the media[8][9][10][11]

Over time, he dedicated himself to the associative world: literacy, humanitarian action, environment, local action, Human Rights, handicap…Thus, he currently is a Qualified Personality of the National Council of Cities (in charge of analyses and propositions about vulnerable neighborhoods and population) and member of the Scientific Council of LICRA (main anti-racist organisation in France).

Professional and academic experiences[edit | edit source]

Main functions[edit | edit source]

Founding-President of the “Camp des Milles Foundation – Memory and Education”

Head of the UNESCO Chair "Education to Citizenship, Human Sciences and convergence of memories".

Assistant at the Law Faculty of Abidjan (National service, 1973-1975)

Fellow Research DGRST: 1976-1977

Research attaché at CNRS: in Law and Political Sciences: from 1-10-1977 to 30-9- 1982 (dir. J. Carbonnier), in Sociology and Demography: from 1-10-1982 to 30-9-1983 (dir. L-V. Thomas).

Research Fellow at CNRS : 1983-1996

Research Director (DR2) from 1-10-1996 (Section 36)

Other significant functions[edit | edit source]

Courses in various French universities and abroad

Expert / European Commission / European Foundation of Dublin / BIT

Member of the Directing Committee of the International Research Program on “Les usages du passé” (IECJ/MMSH, Aix-en-Provence), and of the editorial committee of the book “Enjeux d’histoire, jeux de mémoire”, (2000-2006).

President of the Pilot Committee of the multidisciplinary project on education and culture “ Mémoire du camp des Milles ” (since 2002)

Founding-President of the “Camp des Milles Foundation – Memory and Education”, officially recognized nonprofit organization (2009)

Founding-Director of the European Multidisciplinary Federative Institute « Rights, regulations and social transformations » of Aix-Marseille University (March 2010)

Scientific responsible of the program “Rights and regulations in crises and social change” DRECCS (University, Region, FCM) 2010-2013

Chair (elected) of academic recruitment jurys in the University of the Méditerranée (Law and Political Science, 2001-2007), and member of others in Sociology and Philosophy 1991-2005)

Chair of the international Research Committee on Participation and Organisational Democracy (ISA elected 1996-18 reelected 1998-2002, researchers from 70 countries) ; Past president from 2002

Scientific coordination of 17 sessions in the Word Congress of Sociology (Brisbane, 2002)

Board member in international academic organisations (ISA, IIRA, RLDWL…) and in the coordination board of the MIT international programme on National Industrial Relations Systems (1991)

Research subjects[edit | edit source]

From a multidisciplinary background (law, political sciences, sociology), Alain Chouraqui uses the approaches of all these subjects on the evolution of systems of rules and landmarks in groups or societies faced with crises or lasting destabilization and reconstruction. He applies this multidisciplinary approach to societal relationships and working ones in particular. He currently studies the question of a “European social model” and the creation of social rules at a global level.

Along the same lines, he coordinates a research, education and culture project on the only French internment and deportation camp still intact (“Memory of Camp des Milles”), with the objective of clarify and deepen, on historical sites and in coordination with the University, the research gains on deregulations, destabilizations and recurrent mechanisms, individual and social, which can lead to mass crimes, and to those leading to forms of resistance.

Publications[edit | edit source]

Recent publications (2010-2016)[edit | edit source]

  • « POUR RESISTER…à l’engrenage des extrémismes, des racismes et de l’antisémitisme »[12] (Alain Chouraqui dir., Prologue Simone Veil, Préface Jean-Paul de Gaudemar, Cherche-Midi ed, 2015, 190p). For this book, Alain Chouraqui was awarded the Seligmann Price against racism, intolerance and injustice from the Chancellery of Universities.
  • Petit manuel de survie démocratique pour résister à l’engrenage des extrémismes, des racismes et de l’antisémitisme », Aix-en-Provence, Ed. Le Camp des Milles. 2015[13].

Between 2010 and 2016 : a dozen articles and forewords about the same subjects in scientific works.

Publications before 2010[edit | edit source]

See the (non-exhaustive) list in Annexes

Awards[edit | edit source]

Alain Chouraqui is Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur, has received the Academic Palms and the Medal of the city of Aix-en-Provence. He is also a member of the National Council of Cities.

He was awarded the Seligmann Price against racism, intolerance and injustice from the Chancellery of Universities

Annexes[edit | edit source]

List of publications and contributions of Alain Chouraqui.

Publications as an author or editor[edit | edit source]

1974, CHOURAQUI (Alain), L’informatique au service du droit, coll. Sup, P.U.F., Paris, 303p.

1991, CHOURAQUI (Alain)/ TCHOBANIAN (Robert), Le droit d'expression des salariés en France: un séminaire international,,,Genève: IIES/BIT,1991,Série de recherche; 89,157 p.92 9014 470 X,,

1991, CHOURAQUI (Alain). Dir./ TOURAINE (Alain). Préf.,La Coopération syndicats-recherche en Europe, Paris: Presses du CNRS,1991,478 p.

1999, PINAUD (Henri). Dir./ LE TRON (Michel). Dir./ CHOURAQUI (Alain). Dir.,Syndicalisme et démocratie dans l'entreprise : une coopération scientifique CFDT-CNRS (1984-1995),,,Paris: L'Harmattan,1999,,265 p.,,,,,,,2 7384 8421 2,,

2001, co-dirigé avec R . MARKEY et A. HODGKINSON (Univ. Wollongong –Australie), P. GOLLAN (London School of Economics), et U. VEERSMA (Nijmegen Univ. – Pays-Bas): Models of employee participation in a changing global environment: diversity and interaction , Ashgate publ., Aldershot ,Burlington (USA), Singapore, Sydney, 2001, 343p.

2002, co-dirigé avec G. SZELL (Univ. Osnabrück) et D. CHETTY (Univ. Durban): Participation, Globalization and Culture, International and South-African perspectives, Peter Lang publ - Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften, Frankfurt, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien, 357p.

2006, (membre du Comité éditorial) Enjeux d’histoire, jeux de mémoire, éd Maisonneuve et Larose, Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris-Aix, 610 pages, 2006

Contributions[edit | edit source]

Encyclopedia Universalis : Deux articles : Informatique et Libertés ; Informatique et Droit

1991, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Quelques difficultés actuelles d'articulation du juridique et du social,,,,1991,,,,In: COMMAILLE (J.)/CHAZEL (J.). Eds.- Normes juridiques et régulation sociale.- Paris: L.G.D.J. (Droit et société), 1991.- pp. 285-300.

1992, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Autonomy in socio-legal system,,,,1992,,6 p.,,In: SZELL (G.). Ed.- Concise encyclopaedia of participation and co-management.- Berlin, New-York: Walter de Gruyter.- pp.61-65.,,,,,,,

1992, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Economic flexibility and social cohesion: participation as a regulatory principle,,,,1992,,,,In: Proceedings of the International Conference on "Privatization versus démocratisation in transition from command economy to market economy", (Vol. III), org. by International Sociological Association (Research Committee 10), Research and Development Centre of the Estonian Trade Unions, Estonian Management Institute.- Tallinn, 5-7 june 1991.- pp. 62-91.

1992, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Co-operative research,,,,1992,,,,In: SZELL (G.). Ed.- Concise encyclopaedia of participation and co-management.- Berlin, New-York: Walter de Gruyter.- pp. 181-185.

1993, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Adaptability and social cohesion: what form of sociolegal flexibility ?,,,,1993,,,,In: International Industrial Relations Association (IIRA). Ed.- Economic and political changes in Europe: implications on industrial relations (Third European Regional Congress Bari, 23-26 September 1991).- Bari:Cacucci Editore, 1993.

1993, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Bilan et perspectives de la coopération syndicats-recherche en France,,,,1993,,,,In: NEGRO (P.)/PATRIARCA (S.). Eds.- Ricerca e sindacato = Research and Trade Unions.- Roma: Ediesse, 1993.- pp.37-42.- (Résumés en italien et en français).- pp. 190, pp. 236.

1993, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,From participation as a management tool to participation as a regulatory principle,,,,1993,,,,In: LAFFERTY (W.M.)/ROSENSTEIN (E.). Eds.- International handbook of participation in organizations: for the study of organizational democracy, co-operation, and self-management, Vol.III: The challenge of new technology and macro-political change.- Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.pp. 92-109.

1993, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Joint programmes between Trade-Unions and Research Centres in Europe,,,,1993,,,,In: SZELL (G.)/SCHALATERMUND (H.). Eds.- Labour oriented science and research in Europe in the Nineties: Proceedings of the Conference, Osnabrück, 27-29 November 1992.- Osnabrück: Secolo Verlag, 1993.- pp. 67-71

1993, CHOURAQUI (Alain)/ NAZET-ALLOUCHE (Dominique),,V° Syndicat,,,,1993,,,,In: ARNAUD (A.J.). Ed.- Dictionnaire encyclopédique de théorie et de sociologie du droit.- Paris: L.G.D.J., 1993.- pp. 591-594.

1993, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,V° Sociologie du droit du travail,,,,1993,,,,In: ARNAUD (A.J.). Ed.- Dictionnaire encyclopédique de théorie et de sociologie du droit.- Paris: L.G.D.J., 1993.- pp. 626-628.

1994, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Negotiation, participation, decentralisation: towards a continuous redistribution of roles between actors, firms and state in the production of the rules governing work ?,,,,1994,,,,In: NICOLAOU-SMOKOVITI (L.)/SZELL (G.). Eds.- Participation, organizational effectiveness and quality of work life in the Year 2000.- Berlin, New York: Peter Lang, 1994.- pp. 25-28.

1994, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Cooperacion entre sindicatos y centros de investigacion en Europa,,,,1994,,,,In: HIDALGO (Carlos Otero). Ed.- Universidad y sindicatos en la sociedad tecnologica del futuro.- Madrid: Fundacion Universidad-Empresa, 1994.pp. 47-55.

1997, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,The regulation of direct participation,,,,1997,,,,In: SISSON (K). Ed.- Direct employee participation in Europe, an outline of the interim results of the EPOC questionnaire survey in ten EU member countries.- Warwick, Business School, 1997.- pp. 32-40.

1997, CHOURAQUI (Alain),,Postface,,,,1997,,,,In: Actas do VIII Seminario Internacional DO SI-RC-10 DA ISA "Participaçao e cultura nas organizaçoes" Vol.II. Cadernos do Noroeste.- Braga (Portugal): Instituto de Ciencias Sociais Universidade Do Minho Vol.10(2), 1997.pp.663-666.

2000, CHOURAQUI A., Towards a European model of Direct Participation; a few lessons from the French experience , in European Labour Relations, ed. by G. Széll, 2 vol., Peter Lang publ., 2000.

2002, CHOURAQUI A., "Compulsory heteronomy versus regulated autonomy", in “ Essays in honor of Professor Litsa Nicolaou Smokovitis", pp. 268-280, University of Piraeus, 2002.

2004, CHOURAQUI A. et O’KELLY K., Which European Social Model ? A challenged balance between regulation and deregulation, pp. 493-516, in Garibaldo F., et Telljohann V. eds, "Globalisation, Company Strategies and Quality of Working Life in Europe", Peter Lang publ. (Frankfurt-am-Main, Bruxelles, New-York, Oxford), 532 p.

2006, avec Debono E., Mémoire du Camp des Milles : un particularisme universaliste, in « Enjeux d’histoire, jeux de mémoire », pp. 547-562, éd Maisonneuve et Larose, Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris-Aix

2006, avec Dorival G., Les usages du patrimoine juif, in « Enjeux d’histoire, jeux de mémoire » pp.433-440, éd Maisonneuve et Larose, Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris-Aix

2006, avec Debono E., Le projet de site-mémorial au Camp des Milles, in « Mémoriaux », ouvrage édité par l’Association Internationale des Musées d’Histoire éd, pp. 139-150, Marseille, 2006.

2008, « Camp des Milles : Social Sciences for Civic Education and Culture » (pp 73-93) in « Education, Labour and Science –Perspectives for the 21st Century”, G. Széll, C-H. Bösling, U. Széll eds, 608p, Peter Lang publ, Frankfurt, New-York, Bruxelles, Oxford, Wien, 2008.

2008, « Un relais de la mémoire : le « Mémorial pour l’avenir» du Camp des Milles », postface de l’ouvrage édité sous la direction de Robert Mencherini « Provence-Auschwitz, de l’internement des étrangers à la déportation des juifs 1939-1944 » PUP, Aix-en-Provence, 2008

2017, « Une odyssée peu commune de Vienne à Menton, le parcours d’un jeune juif né autrichien français non par le sang reçu mais par le sang versé » d’Herbert Traube Préface.Aix-en-Provence, Ed. Le Camp des Milles. 2017

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Centre national de la recherche scientifique". 2018-08-11.
  2. "Site-Mémorial du Camp des Milles - Aix-en-Provence : Un mémorial pour l'avenir".
  3. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chaire_UNESCO_%C2%AB_Education_%C3%A0_la_citoyennet%C3%A9,_sciences_de_l%E2%80%99homme_et_convergence_des_m%C3%A9moires_%C2%BB&action=edit&redlink=1
  4. http://www.fondation-seligmann.org/le-prix-seligmann-contre-le-racisme/137/26
  5. "Pour Résister le livre | Site-Mémorial du Camp des Milles - Aix-en-Provence".
  6. "Site-Mémorial du Camp des Milles - Aix-en-Provence : Un mémorial pour l'avenir".
  7. https://www.lemonde.fr/culture/infographe/2012/09/12/le-camp-des-milles-lieu-de-memoire_1758957_3246.html Le camp des Milles, lieu de Mémoire]. Le Monde, 12 septembre 2012
  8. "L'éducation pour lutter contre les extrémismes", Le Monde, 29 mai 2018, https://abonnes.lemonde.fr/education/article/2018/05/29/l-education-pour-lutter-contre-les-extremismes_5306373_1473685.html
  9. "Alain Chouraqui : "Tout le monde ne sait pas ce qu'est une démocratie", Le Monde, 12 avril 2017, https://abonnes.lemonde.fr/politique/article/2017/04/12/alain-chouraqui-tout-le-monde-ne-sait-pas-ce-qu-est-une-democratie_5110152_823448.html
  10. "Il est temps de prendre au sérieux le message des résistants", Huffington Post, 27 mai 2015, https://www.huffingtonpost.fr/alain-chouraqui/ecouter-et-entendre-le-message-des-resistants_b_7449074.html
  11. "Comment les démocraties peuvent dériver vers les crimes de masse", Slate, 1er avril 2017, http://www.slate.fr/story/141233/democraties-derive-crimes-de-masse
  12. "Pour Résister le livre | Site-Mémorial du Camp des Milles - Aix-en-Provence".
  13. "Site-Mémorial du Camp des Milles - Aix-en-Provence : Un mémorial pour l'avenir".

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Catégorie:Directeur de recherche au CNRS


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