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Aleksandar Piscevic

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Aleksandar Piščević (Serbian: Александар Пишчевић; Porečje, near Smolensk, Imperial Russia, 17 May 1764 - St. Petersburg, Imperial Russia, 1805) was a Serbian writer and soldier in the service of Imperial Russian army, son of Simeon Piščević.[1]. Aleksandar Piščević is best known in Serbian literature for his book, Moj život (My Life). He also wrote about Sava Tekelija[2][3]


At the age of 13, his father Simeon took Aleksandar to Peter the Great's Second Imperial Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg in 1777. Founded in 1762, as part of the Artillery and Engineering School where future officers were being trained in military arts. After attaining his education, Aleksandar took some time off to travel south, in New Russia (Novorossiya), and look for traces of his ancestors who were in the military in what was once New Serbia and Slavo-Serbia.[2] In 1783, he was in the army of Prince Grigory Potemkin, who reconquered the Crimea from the Turks and Tatars and had it annexed into Russian Empire. At his father's insistence, Aleksandar entered the Caucasian army in 1784 that was preparing for a future war in the Caucasus, where the Ottoman Turks had already a foothold. With his squadron, he participated in the siege and assault of Anapa fortress, where the Turks were ensconced on the Black Sea coast. After his squadron took the city, Aleksandar wrote how he felt the satisfaction of military victory and triumph over them. Nevertheless, he was generally dissatisfied with himself because the Caucasian campaign took such a heavy toll on his health. Back in St. Petersburg, the damaged health he sustained in the Caucasus continued to linger on. He married a widow by the name of Mrs. Mitendorf, the daughter of a Russian court counselor, Fyodor Platon Jurišić of Serbian antecedents. She bore him a daughter named Ljubov.[2][2]

His father's 1798 will and last testament stipulated that Aleksandar was obliged to build a church dedicated to Saint Stephen, the patron saint of the Piščević family. Aleksandar died in 1805 at the age of 41, at the estate he inherited from his father.[2]


For Serbian history, Aleksandar Piščević Moj život (My Life) is significant. He writes: "The family of Piščević is an ennobled one of Serbian nationality. We originate from Dalmatia, from the province of Paštrovići. This is proven by many family documents that remained after my father's death ... Then Russia intended to do something with the Serbs living on the banks of the Danube and the Adriatic Sea. " He continued to praise Russian authorities for allowing the Serbs who were living in the Military Frontier of the Habsburg Monarchy to settle in Imperial Russia.


  • Проданов, Миленко (January 20, 2015). "Мој живот (1764-1805)".
  • "Симеон Пишчевић, Србин у руској униформи | Politikin Zabavnik".


  1. Srpski književni glasnik. 1913. Search this book on
  2. Александар Пишчевић: Сава Текелија. Izdavac̆ki centar Matice srpske. 2019. ISBN 9788680730165. Search this book on
  3. Зборник Матице српске за књижевност и језик. Матица српска. 2008. Search this book on

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