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Angler (steamer)

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As near as I can tell there were five hundred persons on board (fishing, New York, 1913).jpg
Angler
History
Name: Mary Morgan
Namesake: Mrs. Mary Jane Sexton Morgan
Owner: Charles Morgan of New York City
Port of registry:  United StatesWilmington, Delaware
Builder: Harlan & Hollingsworth Co., Wilmington, Delaware
Laid down: 1877
Launched: June 1, 1878
Christened: Mary Morgan by Miss Jenny Johnson
Completed: Trials July 29, 1878
Maiden voyage: August 1878
Fate: Sold 1888
 
Owner: Capt. Al Foster (1842–1911)
Port of registry: City of New York
Renamed: Angler (1888)
Fate: Sold 1911
 
Owner: Samuel Bensinger of Washington
Port of registry: Washington D.C.
Fate: Sold 1915
 
Owner: The Peoples Line
Renamed: William L. Davis
Fate: Sold 1916
 
Owner: J. Ottoway Holmes of Washington
Port of registry: Washington D.C.
Renamed: E. Madison Hall
 
 
General characteristics
Class and type: Sidewheeler passenger ship
Tonnage: 1,284 grt
Length: 165 ft (50 m)
Beam: 28 ft (8.5 m)
Depth: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Decks: three decks
Installed power: 1 × 53 in bore, 12 ft stroke single cylinder vertical beam steam engine
Propulsion: Sidewheel boat; each wheel had 26 paddles and was 31 ft (9.4 m) in diameter.
Speed: 16 knots (30 km/h)
Crew: 22

PS Angler was a three-deck a sidewheel passenger steamboat built in Delaware, operating out of New York City, along the coast of New York. She was formerly named the Mary Morgan (1877–1888), Angler (1888–1915), and W. L. Davis (1915–1916).

Early days[edit | edit source]

This was the thirtieth vessel built by Harlan & Hollingsworth for the Morgan line,[1] the iron side-wheeler steamer was 165 feet long, 28 beam, and 9 deep. Launched on 1 June 1878 as the Mary Morgan. The initial intention of the late Charles Morgan was to put her in service in the New Orleans area. Those plans were to change with his death.[2]

Miss Jenny Johnson christened her with champagne into the Christina River.[3] Built by Harlan & Hollingsworth Company.

After the launch the yard commenced by June 8 to install her engines and machinery, and work started on building her wheels. The cabin work was already well underway.[1]

She commenced trials in July with a successful trip.[4]

Come August 3, she embarked for Galveston, Texas, for her maiden voyage.[5]

Quarantine[edit | edit source]

The MM touched into Key West for coal and was immediately put into quarantine at Galveston for 21 days before she was allowed to come to the wharf. Dr. M. R. Brown the city's quarantine officer thought her a beauty, the most perfect model of a ship he ever saw, but still rules are strict for all. No communication Is allowed from the city with the station except the butcher's boat, which lands at the station, where the meat is marked and discharged. The doctor made it known a seagull cannot pass the station without being hailed.[6]

The 1888 season proved badly in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where she "lost money", and she was put up for sale by her wealthy owner the druggist Bickley Chester. She was not expected to be an easy sale, and was moved to the Shipley Street Wharf, prior to being put in dry dock for getting her bottom painted over the winter.[7]

Capt. Al Foster[edit | edit source]

Albert Foster bought her for $35,000 in 1888, he spent another $400,000 putting on a send deck and fitting her up. Born in Berlin, Germany, the family came to America when he was 6 years old to live in Baxter Street, his father died of smallpox in the quarantine hospita a fe years after their arrival, leaving his wife with 5 children to look after. Al started from an early age fishing off the docks, sometimes skipping school to go with older fishermen into the bay, and so learned all the ranges. From age 14 he started taking out parties of fishermen. At age 23, in 1865 he and his brothers George and Ferdinand scraped together the money to hire a single decker, the Only Son, and started to advertise in the papers. A series of steamers followed in succession, the Only Son, Fletcher, Virginia, Seymour, K. B. Schlitz, Seth Low, W. W. Wheeler, Kelsey, Schuyler, Big Bay Rhidge, and the Al Foster. In the early days Capt Al was always the pilot, his brothers the deck hands.[8]

Al Foster advertised deep sea fishing on the Angler and averred that she was the only iron boat on the route, had a large ladies saloon, a first class restaurant, and that there was music on board.[9]

Message in a bottle[edit | edit source]

The Evening World (New York, New York) runs a story July 19, 1888. "A Fisherman Who Fished In Vain Sends the Tidings, to The World." A gentleman whose summer home is near the beach at Huguenot, Prince's Bay, found a pint whiskey bottle on the sand at low tide this morning. The bottle was corked and curiosity prompted the finder to open it. Inside was a piece of white paper, crumpled up and stained with salt water, on which was written in pencil the following:

Off Long Branch, 16 July 1888 On steamer Angler fishing for fish, but none to be caught because Foster kept moving the boat. The finder of this will please mail this to the World newspaper. The bottle, which was thus shown to have been thrown into the water near Long Branch, had to travel a long distance around Sandy Hook and into the bay.[10]

Grand Naval Review of 1893[edit | edit source]

Infanta Isabel at the Grand Naval Review of 1893, Angler behind her at the far right

She and her partner Steamer Al Foster are running three trips a day through the entire fleet of War Vessels. 50 cents a trip. The Angler takes sightseers on board at W. 48th Street, stopping at Franklin to take on more.[11]

General Slocum[edit | edit source]

Rescued passenger off the PS General Slocum in 1894. The Gen. Slocom had run aground in a fierce squall near the Rockaway Inlet with a 1000 panic stricken passengers on board. Panic set in when the passengers realized that were aground and the continuous blowing of the steamers whistle. The Angler (chartered by the "Iron Steamboat Co.") took off 800 of the passengers, delivering them to Brooklyn and Twenty-first Street, East River, Manhattan. The General Slocomb was not seriously damaged and was floated on the next high tide.[12] In 1904 she would catch fire and sink in what is still the worst maritime disaster in the city's history, the second worst maritime disaster on United States waterways.[13]

Rheumatism[edit | edit source]

Al Foster cant keep out of the papers in 1896, it makes the news far and wide (Burlington, Vermont|Burlington, VT) that after severe attacks and intense pain a remedy provided bu prescription filled out by Sixth Avenue druggist C. F. Hanson cured him in two days. The Captain declared, "I have no interest in the sale of this prescription."[14]

Record catches[edit | edit source]

Record catches of Codfish considered worthy enough to trumpet on daily basis are recorded in 1899. Al Foster advertises catches of 250 to 1400 per day, for example on December 7, anglers a catch of 462. The Safe Iron steamer Angler sails on deep sea excursions every day except Monday, at 7:20 from E 21st street at East River, stopping at the Battery at 8:05, fare 50 cents. The opposition the steamer Dolphin sails every day except Monday, at 7:40 from E 31st street, stopping at the Battery at 8:20, fare $1 with bait.[15]

Whale[edit | edit source]

The Angler makes the papers in 1905 with a story of a near collision with a 75 foot brown whale, while 10 miles off Long Beach coming from the Cholera Banks. The Whale was spotted 150 feet ahead of the steamer moving toward the shore, and at first the crew thought it was a submarine. The 600 passengers crowded to the rails, greatly excited by the sight of the monster. Foster had to spin the wheel at one point to avoid a collision. The whale blowing all the while, and at no point diving. Captain Foster told reporters that the whale was after a summer engagement with a beach show. He also denied that he was interested in any seaside resort.[16]

Collision[edit | edit source]

On September 4, 1908, the Angler collided with the yacht Miana. The Gravesend Bay Yacht Club pressed charges against Albert G. Foster and his pilot with the board of local inspectors, which after a hearing dismissed all charges and exonerated both men.[17]

In May 1911 The power boat Lotus collides with the Angler. One entire side of the bat is put in; tragically two girgf912" />[18]

Hudson-Fulton Celebrations and Naval Review[edit | edit source]

Two big days for Foster on September 1909 are provided by the Hudson-Fulton Celebration, an estimated million tourists are in town. Replicas of Henry Hudson's ship the Half Moon and Robert Fulton's Clermont, are to lead a river pageant, of two parades daily, one in daylight, and the other in the evening featuring spectacular firework displays. The Lusitania which at the time represented the newest advancement in steamship technology was in the harbor. The celebrations also feature a grand naval review of American and foreign warships anchored in the river, the warships, stretch for 10 miles along the river from forty-second street, northward, to 222nd street. Naval ships on show included the American battleships Montana, and Lewes, British cruiser Inflexible, German cruisers Dresden, Victoria Louise, and Bremen. Competition for day trippers is fierce, Foster concentrates on three short daylight trips per day at 50 cents a trip to see the naval ships offering Best Observation, making him amongst the cheapest way to see the harbor and bay events on the water. The new Steamboat the Robert Fulton is charging $3 to $5 for the day. The most expensive is a trip in the pageant itself on board the steamship North Star at $6.[19]

The line-up at the Hudson-Fulton Celebration, September 25–26, 1909; from the New York Times on September 25, 1909, a two hour round trip on the Angler


Pigeon[edit | edit source]

The Angler again in the news across America in 1910, this time a PIGEON DROPS ON STEAMER Exhausted Bird Joins Fishermen on Board Fishing Boat Angler. Tenderly cared for. New York.—The fishing boat Angler went out to the banks for fish and came back with a pigeon. She had a big crowd of amateur fishermen on board, and while steaming about for a good place to drop lines John Voltz a deckhand, saw a pigeon hopping about in the gale as if wounded. The bird made a desperate effort to get to the Angler, and despite the fact that there was enough noise and hilarity aboard to scare a tame cat, the bird gave no heed and dropped help less on the deck. Voltz picked up the pigeon and put it in a box in the cabin giving it water and oatmeal. The bird had an aluminum band on its left leg, bearing the number "6.' Capt. Al Foster of the Angler, said the owner can have the bird by proving his property.[20]

Capt. Al Foster dead[edit | edit source]

The Captain had fallen ill with bronchitis, and was confined for fifteen months, before suffering a stroke of paralysis one week before his death July 7, 1911. The New York Times announced that "In his forty six years as Captain of New York fishing steamers Al Foster had become one of the city's best known men. Probably 100,000 persons in the city through their trips to the fishing banks on his excursion boat, knew him by sight. In their memories he will always be pictured leaning out of the pilot house, his gray head covered by a broad brimmed campaign hat and a kindly, watchful eye on the fortunes of his boatful of fishermen".[8]

Potomac River Season[edit | edit source]

She left New York mid 1911, bought by Samuel Bensinger of Washington DC,[21] and since the fall has been making a living in Washington DC carrying negro excursionists to Washington Park and other places on the Potomac. Washington Park across the river from Alexandria, opened in 1908, was destroyed by fire (probably arson) in 1913. For a spell she was in Baltimore replacing the burned steamer River Queen carrying excursionists to Crisfield, and other points on the bay, before returning to DC.[22] The Evening Star, in Washington, D.C. tells us on May 2, 1913, that the Angler was lowered from the marine railway at the Alexandria shipyard, where she had her sponsons removed, and work done to her hull, in preparation for the Potomac River Season. The Angler will be towed that day to Washington, where she will carry colored people on excursions from June throughout the summer.[23] Samuel Bensinger, a wealthy Jewish businessman had a $100,000 investment in Washington Park he had a colorful enterprising business partner Jefferson. Jefferson was wealthy in his own right, he owned a large share in two steamers, the River Queen and the Jane Moseley which he ran (in 1908) all day at 25 cents a trip. According to Patsy Fletcher in her book Historically African American Leisure Destinations Around Washington, D. C. it was his money that paid for the Angler. Jefferson was arrested at least twice on the Angler for bootlegging, his lawyers pleading that selling on the river was not covered by prohibition laws.[24]

Line to Alexandria[edit | edit source]

The Washington Times reports that a new shipping the line upper river route of the Potomac, from Washington to Alexandria is starting on April 15, 1915.The new company will be known as the People's Line. The capital has been subscribed In Alexandria and Washington and the legal office of the new company is based in Alexandria. The company has purchased tho steamer Angler from Samuel Bensinger, of Washington, and the boat is now being overhauled and prepared for its initial trip. Capt. William L. Davis Will Be in Charge of Steamer, a well known river man. For the last five years. Davis has been connected with the Potomac and Chesapeake Steamboat Company The route the line will serve is from Washington to Mattawoman Creek, making stops at: Alexandria, Fort Washington, Fort Hunt, Bryant's Point, Marshall Hall, Glymount, Grinder's Wharf's and Winthrop. Round trips will be made every day of the week except Monday.[25]

Hard times[edit | edit source]

The United States Marshall's office issue a writ of venditioni exponas on June 17, 1916 on the owners of the steamer W. L. Davis, formerly the Angler. The steamer is put up for auction on June 28, together with its furniture and belongings at her wharf, N and Water Street, Washington D.C. Terms: cash.[26]

New owner, Ottoway Holmes[edit | edit source]

1916 repairing Steamer W. L. Davis. Work is being pushed on the steamer W. L. Davis, recently purchased by Ottoway Holmes of this city for $2000, but it will be three weeks or longer before she is ready for service. The vessel has been fitted with a new smokestack, new guards have been placed about her, her joiner work overhauled and her is being put in order. Within the next few days she will be taken to Alexandria and hauled out for such hull repairs as may be needed and to be cleaned and painted. When ready for service, it is stated, she will be used for colored excursion work on the river with Somerset beach as her stopping point. The work being done on the Davis, it is asserted, will make her one of the fastest side-wheel boats on the Potomac.[21][27]

Attempt to rescue a schooner[edit | edit source]

During a violent storm off Leonardtown she comes to the aid of a sinking schooner, the J. R. Moffett on March 27, 1919. E. Madison Hall, himself tells the Washington Post on March 29 that his boat was between Nomini, Virgina and Washington, when the schooner was in difficulty at Kettle Bottoms. The schooner careened three times before going down. The Madison Hall's captain Chapman Slye evidenced to the newspaper the "St. Mary's Beacon" on April 3, that the steamer reached the schooner 10 minutes after it capsized, to late too see her or save her crew of two. Since those days the schooner and her crew of two have been reported as a ghostship.[28][29][30][31]

Renamed the E. Madison Hall[edit | edit source]

Steamer E. Madison Hall docked at Washington, circa 1919

The Evening Star tells us on May 9, 1920, that H. S. Randall is now captain of the E. Madison Hall (which was the steamboat Angler).[32][33]

The E. Madison Hall is newly registered as 409 tons, a 166 foot paddlewheel steamer.[34]

Come September 29, 1920, the Washington Herald reports she has been tied up at seventh street wharves for the last year in the custody of the US Marshall and the Admiralty Court has issued a decree stating it will sell to the highest bidder to satisfy creditors. The paper reports thats she used to sail into [[Colonial Beach and other places.[35]

Government Service[edit | edit source]

Mobilized into government service during World War I she does good business for Holmes once hostilities ceased. She can accommodate 800 passengers, has 20 staterooms and takes 2–3 trips down the Potomac to River View every day every summer season.[33]

Ottoway Holmes and Prohibition[edit | edit source]

Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcohol from 1920 to 1933. In 1922 James Ottoway Holmes, described by syndicated news as the Negro Owner of a booze laden vessel was arrested in Washington. The papers state, more than 500 negro excursionists were thrown Into a near state of panic last night when police and revenue officers seized the E. Madison Hall, a 400 foot steamer plying between Washington and a Potomac river resort, after discovery of what was said to be a large quantity liquor aboard. The steamer, which was valued at $100,000, Ottoway was arrested on a charge of illegal possession and selling of liquor.[36]

J. O. Holmes (1857–1934),[37] born in Virginia, had bought the E. Madison Hall in 1919. Holmes was a self made man, a one time huckster, he was for a time the richest black man in Washington, and a mason. He owned the Holmes Hotel at 333 Virginia Avenue SW, a restaurant, billiards club, barbershops, and several other steamers over the years. He catered for excursions up and down the Potomac including the African American site River View in Maryland. In 1931, he took great pride in crewing his steamers wholly manned by people of my own race.[24]

A baptism excursion aboard the E. Madison Hall in 1933

A photo (seen here) taken September 3, 1933, describes The E. Madison Hall as an excursion steamer 160 feet long that seats 800 and has 20 staterooms. The excursion season begins about the first Sunday in May and lasts through September. Two or three trips down the Potomac to River View resort are made each day. The photographer states the boat is owned and operated by a black man, Captain J. O. Holmes.[38]

Ottoway Holmes died in 1934, leaving the steamer as one of his assets.[37][39]

Wrecking of the E. Madison Hall, 1942[edit | edit source]

On March 31, 1942, a few minutes before 6 a.m. on a dark rainy morning off Turkey Point in the upper Chesapeake Bay the E. Madison Hall, now described as a motor vessel of 212 gross tons, came in collision with an unlighted wreck and both the Hall and her cargo became a total loss. A libel was filed for cargo damage against the ship and her owner, and subsequently the owner filed a petition for limitation of liability under R.S. §§ 4281-4285, 46 U.S.C.A. §§ 181-185. The District Court held the vessel at fault, denied limitation of liability and gave a decree against the vessel and her owners for $32,761.99 with interest.

The finding of fault was never in doubt, from midnight until five minutes before the accident, while the ship was proceeding northeasterly up the Chesapeake Bay bound for the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, the navigation of the vessel was left in charge of an able-bodied seaman who was acting as mate. On watch with him was another seaman who served as lookout. The vessel's certificate of inspection required a complement of licensed officers and crew, that included both a pilot and a master with first-class pilot qualifications. But there was only one pilot on board, the master himself, who was below during the watch of the mate. As a result the vessel was sailing without the proper complement with the full knowledge and consent of her owner.

As was the established custom, the mate had kept her, during her progress up the bay, on a course west of the ship channel headed toward the Turkey Point Light. This course took the vessel toward the wreck which was lying partly submerged in the vicinity of Turkey Point on the western edge of the ship channel. The mate was aware of the approximate location of the wreck, having seen it in a recent voyage down the bay. As the vessel approached Turkey Point the mate used the search light but was unable to locate the wreck. Nevertheless he kept the vessel at full speed of seven or eight miles per hour without changing course. Moreover, he kept the lookout in the pilot house instead of posting him on the bow 75 to 80 feet forward.

At 5:45 a.m. the captain, who had no previous knowledge of the wreck, came on deck for his watch. The mate told him that there was a wreck in the vicinity to the west side of the channel at Turkey Point. Some how the captain got the idea that he had already passed the wreck and after making a slight change to the easterly in the course, kept the vessel at full speed ahead for five minutes when she collided with the easterly end of the wreck and foundered.

The faults of the vessel were obvious. She was without her proper complement of officers, until a few minutes before the crash she was in the charge of an able-bodied seaman when she should have been navigated by a licensed pilot. As she approached the known locality of the wreck she was kept on her course at full speed heading for the danger, although she could readily have been taken into the channel east of the wreck or at a safe distance to the west. Her speed should have been reduced so long as there was any doubt as to the exact location of the wreck and the lookout should have been kept on the bow. The master on taking charge himself continued to neglect these precautions.

The owner made no reply to this conclusion except to say that the government was negligent in not marking the wreck with a distinctive light, at the same time admitting that the government's neglect afforded no excuse for the faulty navigation of the ship. However, it is contended that the owner is entitled to the statutory exemption since it was without privity or knowledge of the circumstances. It is admitted that another pilot should have been on board to take charge of the ship when the captain was not on watch; but it is said that the absence of the pilot did not contribute to the accident because it did not occur until the master had taken over and made a slight change in the vessel's course; or, in other words, that the navigation of the vessel by the mate between 12 p.m. and 5:45 a.m. did not contribute to the accident.

We do not think that this position can be sustained. The mate, knowing that the wreck lay in the course of the ship, kept her full speed ahead without a proper lookout on a dark and rainy morning until she was within two-thirds of a mile of the unlighted wreck. He kept her on this course although he knew that a change of course either to the east or west could be safely made so as to avoid all risk of collision. It cannot be said that a qualified pilot would not have taken one of these alternatives. On the contrary, it is quite probable that such a pilot would have done so, and that all danger of collision with the wreck would have been avoided and the vessel would have passed Turkey Point on her port side and proceeded safely in a northeasterly direction up the Elk River to the Canal. Had either course been adopted the vessel would have been out of danger when the master took charge and the collision would not have occurred.

The E. Madison Hall, 140 F.2d 589 (4th Cir. 1944) is directly in point. Contrary to regulations, the vessel was in charge of an able-bodied seaman instead of a licensed pilot. She struck a wreck and was lost. With reference to causation from the absence of a qualified pilot.[40][41][42]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Work Brisk at Harlan's". The News Journal. Wilmington, Delaware. 8 June 1878. p. 3. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  2. "Launched". The New Orleans Daily Democrat. 13 June 1878. p. 7. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  3. "Another Baptism". The News Journal. Wilmington, Delaware. 1 June 1878. p. 3. Retrieved July 30, 2018. Miss Jenny Johnson, daughter of Councilman Thomas Johnson...announced to the four winds that the name of this boat should be Mary Morgan and so it is
  4. "Wilmington and below". Philadelphia Times. 30 July 1878. p. 4. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  5. "The Land of Pines and Peaches". The Times. Philadelphia. August 5, 1878. p. 4. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  6. "At the Quarantine Station - merciless vigilance of the officer". The Galveston Daily News. August 16, 1878. p. 4. Retrieved July 30, 2018. No communication Is allowed from the city with the station except the butcher's boat, which lands at the statlon, where the meat is marked and discharged.... He says a seagull cannot pass the station without being hailed
  7. "The Steamer Mary Morgan". The News Journal. Wilmington, Delaware. January 17, 1888. p. 1. Retrieved July 11, 2018. She lost money at Portsmouth N. H.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Capt. Al Foster, Fishing Pilot, Dead". New York Times. 8 July 1911. p. 9. Archived from the original on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018. Since 1865 he had been taking New Yorkersdown the bay on daily trips. Knew all the fishing holes.
  9. Foster, Al (15 July 1902). "Deep Sea Fishing Daily". New York Times. p. 7. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  10. "Ill news in a bottle". The Evening World (Third Edition). New York. 19 Jul 1888. p. 4. Archived from the original on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018. A Flsherman Who Fished In Vain Sends the Tidings, to "The World."
  11. Foster, Al (April 30, 1893). "Grand Naval Review". The Sun. New York. p. 9. Archived from the original (Advert) on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018. Grand Naval Review on Monday, May 1 Steamer Al Foster...
  12. "Steamer Aground". Decatur Daily Republican. New York. August 16, 1894. p. 6. Archived from the original on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018. Steamer Aground. Her 100 passengers panic stricken but landed in safety
  13. Kleinfeld, N. R. (September 2, 2007). "A Debate Rises: How Much 9/11 Tribute Is Enough?". New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2018. Few are alive anymore who can recall June 15, 1904, when 1,021 people died in the burning and sinking of the steamer 'General Slocum,' the deadliest New York disaster until September 11, 2001.
  14. "Rheumatism- Cured in Two Days". The Burlington Free Press. Burlington, Vermont. February 26, 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 9 July 2018. I have no interest in the sale of this prescription, but, in behalf of those suffering, direct them to a speedy cure.
  15. "Excursions". December 8, 1899. p. 22. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  16. "Sighted A Whale". New Brunswick Daily Times. 31 July 1905. p. 11. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018. Passengers on fishing boat excited by monster off Long Beach. The fishing boat Angler...
  17. "Case 1224: Charges Against the Steamboat Angler", The Master, Mate and Pilot, MM&P, 1, pp. 314–315, 1908
  18. "Power Boat Rebuilt". Evening Star. Washington, D.C. August 16, 1912. p. 18. Retrieved 10 July 2018. power boat Lotus was badly damaged in a collision with the steamer Angler has been rebuilt
  19. "Best Observation". The New York Times. September 25, 1909. pp. 1, 18. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  20. "Pigeon drops on Steamer". The Daily Mail. Bedford, Indiana. December 6, 1910. p. 2. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018. The fishing boat ` went out to the banks for fish and came back with a pigeon...
  21. 21.0 21.1 "Ottoway Holmes and others of this city plan to place vessel in excursion service". Evening Star. 29 June 1916. p. 2. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  22. "Power Boat Rebuilt / Angler goes to Baltimore". Evening Star. Washington, D.C. 14 July 1912. p. 22. Retrieved 10 July 2018. the launch Lotus which was in a collision with the steamer Angler on the Evening of May 30, 1912
  23. "Excursion Boats in Trim". Evening Star. Washington, D.C. May 2, 1913. p. 24. Retrieved 10 July 2018. Potomac River season to open in a few days.
  24. 24.0 24.1 Fletcher, Patsy Mose (2015). Historically African American Leisure Destinations Around Washington, D.C. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1540202802. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  25. "Line Alexandria to start April 15". The Washington Times. April 2, 1915. p. 18. Retrieved 11 July 2018. The company has purchased the steamer "Angler" from Samuel Bensinger of Washington, and the boat is now being overhauled and prepared for its Initial trip in the new service.
  26. "Sale by auction". Evening Star. 27 June 1916. p. 19. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  27. "Repairing Steamer W. L. Davis". Evening Star. Washington, D.C. 11 July 1916. p. 4. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  28. Hurry, Robert J. (2016). "Ghost Schooner: The Wreck of the J.R. Moffett". Calvert Marine Museum. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  29. "Gale sinks river ship: Statement by E. Madison Hall". The Washington Post. 29 Mar 1919. p. 3. E. Madison Hall, aboard his passenger steamboat by the same name, was en route from Nomini, Virginia, to Washington, D.C., when he witnessed the accident.
  30. "St. Mary's storm". St. Mary's Beacon. April 3, 1919. p. 3.
  31. "Schooner on Potomac Sinks During Gale". Morning Press. 47. March 29, 1919. p. 2. Retrieved 18 July 2018. ...reported tonight by Captain E. Madison Hall, owner of a river steamer.
  32. "The Rambler writes more of Glymont, old resort along the Potomac river". Evening Star. Washington, D.C. May 9, 1920. p. 47. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  33. 33.0 33.1 Moore, Jacqueline M. (1999). Leading the Race: The Transformation of the Black Elite in the Nation's Capital, 1880-1920. University of Virginia Press. p. 61. ISBN 0813919037. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  34. Annual List of Merchant Vessels of the United States. 1920. p. 94.
  35. "Will sell steamer at public auction". The Washington Herald. September 29, 1920. p. 5. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  36. "Negro Owner of a Booze Laden Vessel Has Been Arrested". Wichita Daily Times. Wichita Falls, Texas. 5 Jul 1922. p. 1. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  37. 37.0 37.1 "James Ottaway Holmes, Business man, buried". The Afro American. September 29, 1934. p. 22. Retrieved 18 July 2018. For the last seventeen years he has been operating the E. Madison Hall, an excurson boat as owner and manager
  38. Scurlock (September 3, 1933). The Black Washingtonians. The Anacostia Museum Illustrated Chronology (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hokoben, N.J., 2005). The Smithsonian Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  39. Lautier, Louis (August 26, 1939). "Capital spotlight down memory lane 1934". The Afro American. p. 16. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  40. Soper, District Judge (February 3, 1944). "Circuit Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. (February 3, 1944)". casemine. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  41. Harris, Oren (25 June 1969). "Brinegar v. San Ore Construction Company, 302 F. Supp. 630 (E.D. Ark. 1969)". Court Listener. District Court, E.D. Arkansas. Retrieved 18 July 2018. The E. Madison Hall, 140 F.2d 589 (4th Cir. 1944) is directly in point. Contrary to regulations, the vessel was in charge of an able-bodied seaman instead of a licensed pilot. She struck a wreck and was lost. With reference to causation from the absence of a qualified pilot.
  42. "Circuit Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit Dec 27, 1945 152 F.2d 916 (4th Cir. 1945)". 1945. Retrieved July 18, 2018.

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