Armorial of Prime Ministers of Canada

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Prime Ministers of Canada in the 19th century[edit]

Arms Name of Prime Minister and heraldic blazon
Sir John A. Macdonald, Prime Minister 1867-1873 and 1878-1891

Escutcheon: Quarterly 1st Argent a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure 2nd Or a dexter hand couped fessways proper holding a cross-crosslet fitchée Azure 3rd Or a lymphad sails furled and oars in action Sable flagged Gules 4th barry wavy of six Argent and Azure a salmon naiant Proper overall on a fess Vert a covered cup between two sprigs of three maple leaves Or.
Crest: A dexter forearm couped palewise Proper the hand holding a balance fesswise together with a sprig of three maple leaves Or.
Motto: Per Aquam Et Terram (By Sea And Land)[1]

Alexander Mackenzie, Prime Minister 1873-1878

No arms known

John Abbott, Prime Minister 1891-1892

No arms known

John Sparrow David Thompson, Prime Minister 1892-1894

No arms known

Mackenzie Bowell, Prime Minister 1894-1896

No arms known

Coat of arms of Charles Tupper.svg Sir Charles Tupper, Prime Minister 1896

Escutcheon: Per fess Azure and Or on a fess Ermine between in chief two boars passant Or and in base a sprig of mayflower slipped and leaved Proper three escallops Gules.
Crest: Upon a grassy mount Vert a greyhound statant Sable charged with two escallops Or and holding in its mouth a sprig of mayflower slipped and leaved Proper.
Supporters: Two greyhounds Sable each collared and pendent therefrom an escutcheon Or charged with a sprig of mayflower slipped and leaved Proper.
Motto: L'Espoir Est Ma Force (Hope Is My Strength)[2][3]

Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister 1896-1911

No arms known

Prime Ministers of Canada in the 20th century[edit]

Arms Name of Prime Minister and heraldic blazon
Sir Robert Borden, Prime Minister 1911-1920

No arms known

Arthur Meighen, Prime Minister 1920-1921 and 1926

No arms known

William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister 1921-1926, 1926-1930 and 1935-1948

No arms known

CoA Viscount Bennett.svg Richard Bedford Bennett (later Viscount Bennett), Prime Minister 1930-1935

Escutcheon: Argent within two bendlets Gules three maple leaves proper all between two demi-lions couped Gules.
Crest: A demi-lion Gules grasping in the dexter paw a battle-axe Or and resting the sinister paw on an escallop Gules.
Supporters: Dexter a bison sinister a moose both standing on a grassy mount Proper.
Motto: Premi Non Opprimi (To Be Pressed Not Oppressed)[4]

Louis St Laurent, Prime Minister 1948-1957

No arms known

John Diefenbaker, Prime Minister 1957-1963

No arms known

Lester Bowles Pearson, Prime Minister 1963-1968

No arms known

Blason de Pierre Elliot Trudeau.svg Pierre Trudeau, Prime Minister 1968-1979 and 1980-1984

Escutcheon: Gules a representation of a Montreal dwelling under construction (tempore 1680) between three garbs Or in centre chief on a square billet the mark of the Prime Ministership of Canada.
Crest: A demi griffin Gules gorged with a ceinture fléchée Proper holding in the dexter foreclaw an ansul Or.
Supporters: On a mound set with conifers Vert rising above barry wavy Argent and Azure dexter a coureur de bois (tempore 1680) holding in the dexter hand a canoe paddle the blade downwards all proper and sinister a Scots townswoman (tempore 1680) proper holding in the sinister hand a baton Azure.
Motto: Provide Counterweights[5]

Joe Clark, Prime Minister 1979-1980

Escutcheon: Per pale Azure and Or a flat bed printing press above a bar gemel wavy in base all counterchanged on a canton the mark of the Prime Ministership of Canada.
Crest: A demi lion Or gorged with a collar of wild roses Gules holding in the dexter forepaw a carpenter's square Azure and in the sinister forepaw a quill pen Or.
Supporters: On a grassy mound Vert two bald eagles Argent wings elevated and addorsed Azure each wing charged with a fess chequy Argent and Azure edged Or both eagles gorged with a collar Azure pendant therefrom the Badge of a member of the House of Commons of Canada Proper.
Motto: The Right To Know The Will To Serve[6]

John Turner, Prime Minister 1984

Escutcheon: Gules four canoe paddles their handles conjoined in cross between four canoes Or on a canton the mark of the Prime Ministership of Canada.
Crest: Issuant from a coronet érablé Gules the rim bearing a frieze of alternating dogwood lily and trillium flowers all Argent a demi wolf Or charged on each shoulder with a poppy Gules seeded Sable and bearing in the dexter forepaw an ansul Gules.
Supporters: On a grassy mound rising above barry wavy Argent and Azure set between two stems growing thereon roses Gules thistles and shamrocks Or and standing in front of river cedar trees Vert dexter a caribou buck Or gorged with a collar of river cedar branches Vert pendant therefrom the badge of a member of the House of Commons of Canada sinister a caribou doe Or gorged with a like collar pendant therefrom a medallion per bend barry wavy Azure and Argent and Vert.
Motto: Esse Quam Videri (To Be Rather Than To Seem[7]

Brian Mulroney Arms.svg Brian Mulroney, Prime Minister 1984-1993

Escutcheon: Azure on a pale Argent between four coronets érablé Or two and two a dexter hand appaumé and a maple leaf conjoined Gules the hand pointing towards chief the leaf towards base on a canton the Mark of the Prime Ministership of Canada.
Crest: On a helmet mantled Azure doubled Or within a wreath of these colours issuant from a coronet érablé and flory Or a stone palace gate embattled comprising two Roman arches Azure and charged on the lintel with scales of justice Or.
Supporters: Two stallions Or crined and unguled Azure gorged with collars treflé on both edges Vert.
Compartment: On a grassy mound set with pine cones Or forming a bay rising above barry wavy Argent and Azure.
Motto: Multum In Amore Patriae Fides Multum Constantia (In Love of Country Loyalty And Resolve Count For Much)[8]

Kim Campbell Arms.svg Kim Campbell, Prime Minister 1993

Escutcheon: Or the universal symbol for a woman pendant from its crosspiece a pair of scales Rose and in base three bars wavy Azure on a canton the Mark of the Prime Ministership of Canada.
Crest: Upon a helmet mantled Azure doubled Or within a wreath of these colours issuant from a coronet the rim set with thistle heads Or on snowy mountain peaks Proper an eagle Azure head Argent its dexter leg resting on a closed book Rose clasped Or.
Supporters: Dexter a lion Or semé of fleurs-de-lys Azure gorged with a collar of poppy flowers Gules its dexter foreclaw resting on the pommel of a sheathed sword point downwards Azure embellished Or sinister a female bear Or semé of anchors Azure gorged with a like collar its dexter forepaw grasping a branch of cedar Vert embellished Or.
Compartment: On a grassy mound set with dogwood flowers, trillium flowers and Mayflowers Proper and pine cones Or rising above barry wavy Argent and Azure.
Motto: Seek Wisdom Conquer Fear Do Justice[9]

Chrétien Escutcheon.png Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister 1993-2003

Escutcheon: Gules a beehive Or with three bees Argent embellished Sable, in the canton the mark of the Prime Ministership of Canada Argent.
Crest: Issuant from flames Or a phoenix wings elevated and addorsed Azure beaked and crested Gules holding in its beak an open scroll Proper.
Supporters: Two polar bears proper each charged on the shoulder with a Latin cross pendent from each crossbeam two balance pans Gules, standing on a rocky mount proper set with maple leaves Gules and fleurs-de-lis Azure and issuant from barry-wavy Argent and Azure.
Motto: Laborare Ad Aedificandum (Work To Build)[10]

Prime Ministers of Canada in the 21st century[edit]

Arms Name of Prime Minister and heraldic blazon
Paul Martin, Prime Minister 2003-2006

Escutcheon: Per saltire Gules and Argent the mark of the Prime Ministership of Canada within an orle of hands wrists inward all counterchanged.
Crest: A demi-lion Or holding in its dexter paw a spray of shamrock, thistle and lily Azure and resting its sinister paw on a closed book proper bound Gules.
Supporters: Two Siberian tigers proper winged in the style of the Pacific Coast First Nations Sable embellished Argent and Gules, each gorged with a collar of cedar branches Or pendent therefrom a bezant charged with a ship’s wheel Azure and standing on the deck of a ship Gules rising above barry wavy Argent and Azure.
Motto: Primium Patria Et Familia (Country And Family First)[11]

Stephen Harper, Prime Minister 2006-2015

No arms known

Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister since 2015

Not specified, presumably those of his father.

References[edit]

  1. "John Alexander Macdonald". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  2. "Charles Tupper". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  3. Burke's Peerage. 1891. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  4. "Richard Bedford Bennett". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  5. "Pierre Elliott Trudeau". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  6. "Charles Joseph Clark". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  7. "John Napier Turner". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  8. "Martin Brian Mulroney". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  9. "Avril Kim Campbell". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  10. "Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  11. "Paul Edgar Phillippe Martin". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2020.


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