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Battle of Raipur-Bahrampur 1711

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Battle of Raipur-Bahrampur
Part of Banda Singh Bahadur's Rebellion
DateNovember 1711
Raipur-Bahrampur, Punjab, Mughal Empire (present-day India)
Result Sikh victory
Khalsa Mughal Empire (led by Qutb-ud-din Khan Kheshgi)
Commanders and leaders
Banda Singh Bahadur Qutb-ud-din Khan Kheshgi †
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Qutb-ud-din Khan Kheshgi killed, Shams Khan killed

The Battle of Raipur-Bahrampur took place in November 1711 during Banda Singh Bahadur's Rebellion. It occurred in Raipur-Bahrampur, located in the Punjab region of the Mughal Empire (present-day India), and involved the Sikh Khalsa forces led by Banda Singh Bahadur against the Mughal Empire, under the command of Qutb-ud-din Khan Kheshgi.[1]


Banda Singh Bahadur emerged from the hills in September 1711, seizing control of Pathankot and Gurdaspur. In Gurdaspur, he constructed a fort and gathered essential supplies of ammunition, grain, and fodder. In response to Banda's growing influence, Qutb-ud-din Khan Kheshgi, the faujdar (governor) of Jammu, decided to confront him. Banda was actively subjugating the surrounding areas of Batala and Kalanaur at the time.[2]


Qutb-ud-din Khan Kheshgi, along with his nephew Shams Khan, marched from their respective positions to join forces and engage Banda Singh Bahadur near Raipur-Bahrampur. In the initial encounter, the Sikh forces were overwhelmed and began to retreat. Seizing the opportunity, Shams Khan pursued the retreating Sikhs. However, the Sikhs abruptly halted and turned to face the Afghan forces, resulting in a fiercely contested battle. During the fighting, Shams Khan was shot and killed, while Qutb-ud-din Khan Kheshgi sustained severe wounds. Despite Qutb-ud-din's efforts to stop his nephew, he was unable to prevent him from engaging the Sikhs. Qutb-ud-din fell unconscious during the battle and succumbed to his injuries three days later.[3]


The battle concluded with a Sikh victory. The death of Qutb-ud-din Khan Kheshgi, along with the defeat of the Mughal forces, significantly weakened the Mughal hold over the region. Banda Singh Bahadur's rebellion continued to gain momentum as the Sikhs further challenged Mughal authority in Punjab.[4]


  1. The Sikh Courier International. Sikh Cultural Society of Great Britain. 1993. Search this book on
  2. Sikh Courier International. Sikh Cultural Society of Great Britain. 2002. Search this book on
  3. The Making of Punjab. Unistar Books. 2003. Search this book on
  4. Banda Singh Bahadur and Sikh Sovereignty. Deep & Deep Publications. 2001. ISBN 9788176293006. Search this book on

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