Welcome to EverybodyWiki 😃 ! Nuvola apps kgpg.png Log in or ➕👤 create an account to improve, watchlist or create an article like a 🏭 company page or a 👨👩 bio (yours ?)...

Bette L. Otto-Bliesner

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki
DGG Is this a question about her notability? In addition to her position as one of the lead authors of the two IPCC chapter (she is not just a contributor, though I appear to have used the IPCC citation template incorrectly), she meets criteria #3 of WP:PROF because she is a fellow of two scholarly societies (the American Geophysical Union and the American Meteorological Society). And, once I finish the section on her research, it will be clear that she meets criteria #1 because her research has had an impact on her discipline. I will finish that section before I move the article to the mainspace. DaffodilOcean (talk) 21:33, 28 June 2021 (UTC)


Bette L. Otto-Bliesner
BornBette Lou Otto
1950
Chicago, Illinois[1]
🏳️ Nationality
🎓 Alma materUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison
💼 Occupation

Bette Otto-Bliesner is an earth scientist known for her modeling of Earth's past climate and its changes over different geological eras.

Education and career[edit]

Otto-Bliesner graduated from William Fremd High School in Palatine, Illinois in 1968.[2] She has a B.S. in meteorology from the University of Madison-Wisconsin (1972).[1] In 1974, she earned her M.S. from University of Wisconsin - Madison with a thesis titled "Isentropically time-averaged mass circulations in the Northern Hemisphere".[3] She earned her Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1980,[4] and was an associate scientist there from 1980 to 1986.[5] After two years as a contract scientist at ARC Technologies, Otto-Bliesner joined the Department of Geology at the University of Texas at Arlington where she worked from 1990 to 1996. She joined the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in 1997 where she was promoted to senior scientist in 2007.[5]

Otto-Bliesner has worked on multiple chapters in the in the Assessment Review reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.[6] She was one of the lead authors on the 2007 chapter on "Paleoclimate" (IPCC AR4 WG1 Ch6 2007),[7][5] which was awarded the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.[8] She was also a lead author on the 2013 chapter on "Information from the Paleoclimate Archives" (IPCC AR5 WG1 Ch5 2013).[9]

Research[edit]

Otto-Bliesner's research connects paleogeographic information with global climate models. Through this approach, she has examined interactions between continental weathering and atmospheric carbon dioxide levels in the period from 570 to 425 million years ago,[10] revealed that deciduous forests help regulate temperatures in the Cretaceous period,[11] and identified factors leading to the persistence of snow on continental ice sheets.[12] Her modeling work has also assessed temporal variability in El Niño/La Niña cycles[13][14] and regional summer monsoons.[15] Through models jointly considering atmospheric conditions and the ocean, Otto-Bliesner's research has linked deep ocean circulation and global climate in the late Cretaceous (80 million years ago)[16] and the Last Glacial Maximum.[17][18][19][20] This research focus has revealed that changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation are linked freshwater input into the ocean[21][22] and the Bølling-Allerød warming at the end of the last glacial period.[23] Through a combination of direct samplling and modeling, her research has detailed the forcing that led to the Little Ice Age.[24][25] In polar regions, Otto-Bliesner has modeled variability in Arctic temperatures[26] which result in the retreat[27] or collapse[28] of polar ice sheets followed by increases in sea level.[29][30]

Otto-Bliesner also works on developing the methods used to establish climate models and through this has enabled low-resolution depictions of atmospheric conditions that can be coupled with high-resolution circulation models.[31][32] Through collaborative analysis of the effectiveness of climate models, Otto-Bliesner has examined the connections between greenhouse gasses and global warming,[33][34] she has weighed the impact of the sun, volcanic ash, and greenhouse gasses on temperatures on Earth[35] and she participated in projects that evaluate climate models through comparisons with paleoclimate data.[36][37][38] Most recently, she helped establish the framework of the Community Earth System Model that links model forcing parameters with data from the last thousand years.[39]

Selected publications[edit]

Awards and honors[edit]

  • One of the lead authors for the 2007 IPCC Assessment Report which received the Nobel Peace Prize (2007)[5]
  • Notable alumni, William Fremd High School (2008)[2]
  • Fellow, American Geophysical Union (2015)[40]
  • Fellow, American Meteorological Society (2016)
  • Emiliani Lecture, American Geophysical Union (2016)[41]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Bette Otto-Bliesner". Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Yumpu.com. "2008 Distinguished Graduates Senior Pictures Welcome to the ..." yumpu.com. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  3. Otto, Bette Lou (1974). Isentropically time-averaged mass circulations in the northern hemisphere (M.S.). 1974. OCLC 53790819.
  4. Otto-Bliesner, Bette Lou (1980). The dynamics of seasonal change of the long waves as deduced from a low-order general cirulation model (Thesis).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Otto-Bliesner CV" (PDF). September 2020. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. "IPCC Authors (beta)". archive.ipcc.ch. Retrieved 2021-06-29..
  7. "Chapter 6: Palaeoclimate - AR4 WGI". archive.ipcc.ch. Retrieved 2021-06-29.
  8. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2007". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  9. "Information from the paleoclimate archives" (PDF). Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L. (1995). "Continental drift, runoff, and weathering feedbacks: Implications from climate model experiments". Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 100 (D6): 11537–11548. doi:10.1029/95JD00591. ISSN 2156-2202.
  11. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Upchurch, Garland R. (1997). "Vegetation-induced warming of high-latitude regions during the Late Cretaceous period". Nature. 385 (6619): 804–807. doi:10.1038/385804a0. ISSN 1476-4687.
  12. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L. (1996). "Initiation of a continental ice sheet in a global climate model (GENESIS)". Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 101 (D12): 16909–16920. doi:10.1029/96JD01161. ISSN 2156-2202.
  13. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L. (1999). "El Niño/La Niña and Sahel precipitation during the Middle Holocene". Geophysical Research Letters. 26 (1): 87–90. doi:10.1029/1998GL900236. ISSN 1944-8007.
  14. Meehl, G. A.; Gent, P. R.; Arblaster, J. M.; Otto-Bliesner, B. L.; Brady, E. C.; Craig, A. (2001-04-01). "Factors that affect the amplitude of El Nino in global coupled climate models". Climate Dynamics. 17 (7): 515–526. doi:10.1007/PL00007929. ISSN 1432-0894.
  15. Liu, Z.; Otto-Bliesner, B.; Kutzbach, J.; Li, L.; Shields, C. (2003-08-01). "Coupled Climate Simulation of the Evolution of Global Monsoons in the Holocene". Journal of Climate. 16 (15): 2472–2490. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<2472:CCSOTE>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0894-8755.
  16. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Shields, Christine (2002). "Late Cretaceous ocean: Coupled simulations with the National Center for Atmospheric Research Climate System Model". Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 107 (D2): ACL 11–1–ACL 11-14. doi:10.1029/2001JD000821. ISSN 2156-2202.
  17. Shin, S.-I.; Liu, Z.; Otto-Bliesner, B.; Brady, E.; Kutzbach, J.; Harrison, S. (2003-01-01). "A Simulation of the Last Glacial Maximum climate using the NCAR-CCSM". Climate Dynamics. 20 (2): 127–151. doi:10.1007/s00382-002-0260-x. ISSN 1432-0894.
  18. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Clauzet, Gabriel; Tomas, Robert; Levis, Samuel; Kothavala, Zav (2006-06-01). "Last Glacial Maximum and Holocene Climate in CCSM3". Journal of Climate. 19 (11): 2526–2544. doi:10.1175/JCLI3748.1. ISSN 0894-8755.
  19. Braconnot, P.; Otto-Bliesner, B.; Harrison, S.; Joussaume, S.; Peterchmitt, J.-Y.; Abe-Ouchi, A.; Crucifix, M.; Driesschaert, E.; Fichefet, Th; Hewitt, C. D.; Kageyama, M. (2007-06-04). "Results of PMIP2 coupled simulations of the Mid-Holocene and Last Glacial Maximum – Part 1: experiments and large-scale features". Climate of the Past. 3 (2): 261–277. doi:10.5194/cp-3-261-2007. ISSN 1814-9324.
  20. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Schneider, Ralph; Brady, E. C.; Kucera, M.; Abe-Ouchi, A.; Bard, E.; Braconnot, P.; Crucifix, M.; Hewitt, C. D.; Kageyama, M.; Marti, O. (2009-05-01). "A comparison of PMIP2 model simulations and the MARGO proxy reconstruction for tropical sea surface temperatures at last glacial maximum". Climate Dynamics. 32 (6): 799–815. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0509-0. ISSN 1432-0894.
  21. "The sensitivity of the climate response to the magnitude and location of freshwater forcing: last glacial maximum experiments". Quaternary Science Reviews. 29 (1–2): 56–73. 2010-01-01. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.07.004. ISSN 0277-3791.
  22. Hu, Aixue; Meehl, Gerald A.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Waelbroeck, Claire; Han, Weiqing; Loutre, Marie-France; Lambeck, Kurt; Mitrovica, Jerry X.; Rosenbloom, Nan (2010). "Influence of Bering Strait flow and North Atlantic circulation on glacial sea-level changes". Nature Geoscience. 3 (2): 118–121. doi:10.1038/ngeo729. ISSN 1752-0908.
  23. Liu, Z.; Otto-Bliesner, B. L.; He, F.; Brady, E. C.; Tomas, R.; Clark, P. U.; Carlson, A. E.; Lynch-Stieglitz, J.; Curry, W.; Brook, E.; Erickson, D. (2009-07-17). "Transient Simulation of Last Deglaciation with a New Mechanism for Bolling-Allerod Warming". Science. 325 (5938): 310–314. doi:10.1126/science.1171041. ISSN 0036-8075.
  24. Miller, Gifford H.; Geirsdóttir, Áslaug; Zhong, Yafang; Larsen, Darren J.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Holland, Marika M.; Bailey, David A.; Refsnider, Kurt A.; Lehman, Scott J.; Southon, John R.; Anderson, Chance (2012). "Abrupt onset of the Little Ice Age triggered by volcanism and sustained by sea-ice/ocean feedbacks: LITTLE ICE AGE TRIGGERED BY VOLCANISM". Geophysical Research Letters. 39 (2): n/a–n/a. doi:10.1029/2011GL050168.
  25. Foster, Joanna M. (2012-01-31). "In the Little Ice Age, Lessons for Today". Green Blog. Retrieved 2021-06-29.
  26. Kaufman, D. S.; Schneider, D. P.; McKay, N. P.; Ammann, C. M.; Bradley, R. S.; Briffa, K. R.; Miller, G. H.; Otto-Bliesner, B. L.; Overpeck, J. T.; Vinther, B. M.; Arctic Lakes 2k Project Members (2009-09-04). "Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling". Science. 325 (5945): 1236–1239. doi:10.1126/science.1173983. ISSN 0036-8075.
  27. Otto-Bliesner, B. L. (2006-03-24). "Simulating Arctic Climate Warmth and Icefield Retreat in the Last Interglaciation". Science. 311 (5768): 1751–1753. doi:10.1126/science.1120808. ISSN 0036-8075.
  28. Marcott, Shaun A.; Clark, Peter U.; Padman, Laurie; Klinkhammer, Gary P.; Springer, Scott R.; Liu, Zhengyu; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Carlson, Anders E.; Ungerer, Andy; Padman, June; He, Feng (2011-08-16). "Ice-shelf collapse from subsurface warming as a trigger for Heinrich events". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108 (33): 13415–13419. doi:10.1073/pnas.1104772108. PMC 3158189. PMID 21808034.CS1 maint: PMC format (link)
  29. Overpeck, J. T.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Miller, Gifford H.; Muhs, Daniel R.; Alley, Richard B; Kiehl, Jeffrey T. (2006-03-24). "Paleoclimatic Evidence for Future Ice-Sheet Instability and Rapid Sea-Level Rise". Science. 311 (5768): 1747–1750. doi:10.1126/science.1115159. ISSN 0036-8075.
  30. Revkin, Andrew C. (2006-03-24). "Climate Data Hint at Irreversible Rise in Seas". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-06-29.
  31. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Branstator, Grant W.; Houghton, David D. (1982-05-01). "A Global Low-order Spectral General Circulation Model. Part 1: Formulation and Seasonal Climatology". Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 39 (5): 929–948. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1982)039<0929:AGLOSG>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0022-4928.
  32. Kutzbach, J. E.; Otto-Bliesner, B. L. (1982-06-01). "The Sensitivity of the African-Asian Monsoonal Climate to Orbital Parameter Changes for 9000 Years B.P. in a Low-Resolution General Circulation Model". Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 39 (6): 1177–1188. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1982)039<1177:TSOTAA>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0022-4928.
  33. Shakun, Jeremy D.; Clark, Peter U.; He, Feng; Marcott, Shaun A.; Mix, Alan C.; Liu, Zhengyu; Otto-Bliesner, Bette; Schmittner, Andreas; Bard, Edouard (2012). "Global warming preceded by increasing carbon dioxide concentrations during the last deglaciation". Nature. 484 (7392): 49–54. doi:10.1038/nature10915. ISSN 1476-4687.
  34. Clark, Peter U.; Shakun, Jeremy D.; Baker, Paul A.; Bartlein, Patrick J.; Brewer, Simon; Brook, Ed; Carlson, Anders E.; Cheng, Hai; Kaufman, Darrell S.; Liu, Zhengyu; Marchitto, Thomas M. (2012-05-08). "Global climate evolution during the last deglaciation". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109 (19): E1134–E1142. doi:10.1073/pnas.1116619109. PMC 3358890. PMID 22331892.CS1 maint: PMC format (link)
  35. Ammann, Caspar M.; Joos, Fortunat; Schimel, David S.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Tomas, Robert A. (2007-03-06). "Solar influence on climate during the past millennium: Results from transient simulations with the NCAR Climate System Model". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104 (10): 3713–3718. doi:10.1073/pnas.0605064103. PMC 1810336. PMID 17360418.CS1 maint: PMC format (link)
  36. Braconnot, Pascale; Harrison, Sandy P.; Kageyama, Masa; Bartlein, Patrick J.; Masson-Delmotte, Valerie; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Otto-Bliesner, Bette; Zhao, Yan (2012). "Evaluation of climate models using palaeoclimatic data". Nature Climate Change. 2 (6): 417–424. doi:10.1038/nclimate1456. ISSN 1758-6798.
  37. Rohling, E. J.; Rohling, E. J.; Sluijs, A.; Dijkstra, H. A.; Köhler, P.; van de Wal, R. S. W.; von der Heydt, A. S.; Beerling, D. J.; Berger, A.; Bijl, P. K.; Crucifix, M. (2012). "Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity". Nature. 491 (7426): 683–691. doi:10.1038/nature11574. ISSN 1476-4687.
  38. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Rosenbloom, Nan; Stone, Emma J.; McKay, Nicholas P.; Lunt, Daniel J.; Brady, Esther C.; Overpeck, Jonathan T. (2013-10-28). "How warm was the last interglacial? New model–data comparisons". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 371 (2001): 20130097. doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0097.
  39. Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Fasullo, John; Jahn, Alexandra; Landrum, Laura; Stevenson, Samantha; Rosenbloom, Nan; Mai, Andrew; Strand, Gary (2016-05-01). "Climate Variability and Change since 850 CE: An Ensemble Approach with the Community Earth System Model". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 97 (5): 735–754. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00233.1. ISSN 0003-0007.
  40. "Union Fellows | AGU". www.agu.org. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  41. "Cesare Emiliani Lecture | AGU". www.agu.org. Retrieved 2021-06-28.

External links[edit]


This article "Bette Otto-Bliesner" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:Bette Otto-Bliesner. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.