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Billasmar or Banū Al-Asmar بللسمر او بنو الأسمر
File:Castle of Alasmari Tribes.jpg
Regions with significant populations
Saudi Arabia 28,000 Bedouins (1960s)[1] (Not including settled population)
Arabic, southern [Hijazi][2]
[Sunni Islam] ([Hanbali])
Related ethnic groups
[Al Murrah], [Bani Hajer], [Banū Yam], [Ajman], [Banū Qahtan], [Qahtan]

The Banū Al-Asmar (بنو الأسمر) or Billasmar (بللسمر) Tribe (known today as Al-Asmari) is a tribe from the southern part of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It belongs to the ancient tribe Al-Azd that has many clans linked to it. As far as ancestry goes, Bani Shehr, Bani Amr, Bal-Ahmar, Bal-Asmar, Bal-Qarn, Shumran and some others all belong to "Al-Azd". Al-Azd tribes had migrated after "Marib Dam" collapsed for the third time in the third century AD.

Al-Namas, Billasmar Region, Hawra Billasmar Center, Khaled, Eyaa Valley, Athneen Billasmar which is the Capital, Al-Mathfaah it’s place for Prince Abdullah bin Jarman, ibn Jarman Prince of Billasmar Tribe and some parts of Tuhama[] are the locations of Banū Al-Asmar. The population of the clan is distributed between those places.

Ancestors[edit | edit source]

Banū Al-Asmar tribes are branching from [2] Al-Azd Tribe, and they are affiliated to their top grandfather [3] (Asmar Ibn Hinu Ibn Al-Azd Ibn Al-Ghoth Ibn Nabit Ibn Malik bin Zaid Ibn Kahlan Ibn Saba'a (Sheba) Ibn Yashjub Ibn Yarab Ibn Qahtan Ibn Hud (prophet) (Eber).)[4]

Al-Azd tribes are branching from the Arabs forefather Qahtan.[5]

Ibn Kathir has mentioned Al-Azd in his book (Al Bidayah wa-Nihayah)[6] "The Beginning and the End" and said that they had reached the summit of glory, and honor its peak, and the history has maintained and noted their glory, they are the owners of two paradises, 1st paradise: they owned the Kingdom of Saba'a Sheba before Islam, and the 2nd paradise: they're the masters of the Arabs and kings after their migration from Yemen and dispersed throughout the Arabian Peninsula. After the Islamic prophet Muhammad's mission was to them in Islam and the status of a great gesture honest, as are the first Arab tribes believe in Muhammad, and endorsement of his letter, and they help him with their money and themselves. They are the owners of the Islamic conquests in honorable positions in raising the banner of monotheism and the spread of Islam in the corners of the earth, and many of them were/are scholars and poets who influenced in the Arab and Islamic culture.

Brief of Banū Al-Asmar battles against The Ottoman Empire[edit | edit source]

In the 1207 the Prince Jarman bin Ali Al-Asmari led armies to fight Turkish troops and the leader of them was Suliman Shafeq Pasha[3] repulsed the attack of the country of Ghamed and Zahran, they said many were killed from the tribe of (Asir) 800 men in that battle. On Sunday, 18/6/1224 H Prince Zuhir Bin Qaddoum al-Asmari with his tribe the tribe of Banū Al-Asmar attended and appeared in the army of (50) thousand fighters, and made the valley near the (Beech) to fight the Abu Sharif Hammoud, governor of nail Almikhlaf Al-Sulimani, and a fierce battle took place over defeat of the army Abu Sharif In October, army of Mohammed Ali Pasha, in charge of the Caliph of Turkey, where they surrounded (Boukruk Bin Alas) and his tribe Zahran in the Valley, and when Prince Jarman Bin Ali al-Asmari with his tribe army of (20) thousand occurred interim near Fort Boukroch a tough fight and defeated the Turks and Egyptians defeat the heinous and looted down their arms and their tents and killed many of the Turkish army did not survive only escaped on horseback. King Hussein bin Ali Sharif of Mecca[4] In 1225 e equipped with the Turks a campaign against the tribe of Banū Al-Asmar and Bani Shehr order to deter sent Prince Mohammed Bin Dahman al-Shehri with ibn Jarman sons, the knight and hero (Nasser) and (Zuhir ibn Qaddoum), both a huge army of Bani Shehr and Billasmar confronted the Turkish troops in the Battles of (Otanin) (Northern Nimas) and were able to expel the Turks, and made them disappointed defeated.[5]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert Pastoral World page 50
  2. Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert Pastoral World
  3. History of Saudi Arabia between Billasmar and Bani Shehr with the turks
  4. King Hussein Sharif of Mecca
  5. Sultan Sharif Ali (ALI)