|Born||1954 (age 64–65)|
|Occupation||Musician, political activist|
|Criminal penalty||51 years in prison|
Brett Kimberlin (born 1954) was the perpetrator of the Speedway bombings in 1978. Since his release from prison, Kimberlin has co-founded the non-profit Justice Through Music Project and the activist organization Velvet Revolution. He has also been involved in various legal disputes, including those associated with a claim that he supplied marijuana to Dan Quayle.
Criminal convictions[edit | edit source]
Shortly after graduating from high school, Kimberlin was convicted in 1973 of felony perjury for lying to a grand jury investigating drug trafficking. Kimberlin had been called before a grand jury investigating drug use at his high school and was convicted for testifying that he had not sold LSD. Kimberlin served only 21 days of a one-year sentence on this charge.
By 1976, Kimberlin's drug business was grossing hundreds of thousands of dollars a month. Kimberlin invested his free cash in such businesses as a retail health food store, a vegetarian restaurant, and an Earth shoe franchise. However, Kimberlin became a suspect in the murder of Julia Scyphers, the mother of a friend/employee of his in Speedway, Indiana in 1978.
In the first six days of September 1978, a series of bombings struck Speedway. Initially there were no injuries; however, the last bombing led to the amputation of Vietnam veteran Carl DeLong's right leg, and left DeLong and his wife with several other injuries that required significant hospitalization and rehabilitation. DeLong committed suicide in February 1983. Investigators traced the Mark-Time timer and the Tovex 200 used in the bombings to Kimberlin, and he was placed under surveillance. The police believed that Kimberlin had conducted the Speedway bombings to divert attention from the murder investigation.
On September 20, 1978, Kimberlin was then arrested by the FBI for an entirely different charge—possession and illegal use of Department of Defense insignia, illegal use of the Seal of the President of the United States, and impersonation of a federal officer, after the FBI received a tip from a print shop owner. Between one and two weeks later, he was released although the charges were not dismissed. A few months later, on February 16, 1979, Kimberlin was at a makeshift airport in Texas to supervise the unloading of an airplane, when bad weather and low fuel led the airplane's crew to jettison a shipment of 10,000 pounds of marijuana from Colombia (in 50-pound bales) over a wide area of southeastern Texas so that the plane could land at a real airport. Kimberlin was arrested a few hours later while trying to retrieve the bales.
In June 1980 Kimberlin was convicted in a Texas federal court of conspiracy to possess marijuana with intent to distribute and given a four-year sentence. In a separate trial in November 1980, he was convicted of possession and illegal use of Department of Defense insignia, illegal use of the Seal of the President of the United States, and impersonation of a federal officer. Finally, Kimberlin was convicted of the Speedway bombing in a trial that took 53 days and included 118 witnesses, and his sentences for all of his convictions were aggregated to a total sentence of 50 years. Kimberlin was released on parole in February 1994 after serving 13 years, but his parole was revoked in 1997 for failure to pay the civil judgments against him, and he was returned to prison for four more years before his release in 2001.
Dan Quayle marijuana charges[edit | edit source]
In November 1988, while Kimberlin was in federal prison, National Public Radio reporter Nina Totenberg reported that Kimberlin claimed to have sold marijuana to Republican Vice Presidential candidate Dan Quayle, while Quayle was in law school in Indianapolis. Kimberlin was put in administrative detention on three separate occasions when he had planned to hold press conferences regarding his claims, leaving him unable to speak to reporters until the week after the election. Kimberlin's claims received renewed attention prior to the 1992 election, when Quayle was running for re-election. During this time, Kimberlin proclaimed his innocence with regard to the Speedway bombings and blamed his late younger brother, Scott, for the presence of the evidence that linked him to them.
After Kimberlin's parole the next year, he signed a contract with New Yorker staff writer Mark Singer, who had written a positive profile of Kimberlin in 1992, to publish a book about his claims regarding both his conviction and his relationship with Quayle. However, Singer "decided that [he] had been lied to repeatedly by Kimberlin." Singer concluded that Kimberlin “was not telling the truth about Quayle.” In print, Singer said he believed Kimberlin had known someone who had claimed to sell marijuana to Quayle and had then appropriated the story as his own.
Political activism and nonprofit work[edit | edit source]
While in prison, Kimberlin became known as an "exceptionally adroit jailhouse lawyer." He became involved in the cause of an emigre from the former Soviet Union who was convicted of heroin possession and trapped in INS detention limbo since he could not be released in the U.S. and also could not be returned to Russia because of his drug conviction.
Following Kimberlin's release from prison, he attracted attention with an offer to pay $100,000 (later $500,000) to anyone with evidence that the 2004 United States presidential election had been "stolen" by George W. Bush. Kimberlin also achieved some national prominence as an opponent of direct-recording electronic voting machines, including theories related to rigging elections by using them.
According to Time magazine, he leveraged this public attention to organize both the "Velvet Revolution" activist site and the "Justice Through Music Project" nonprofit organization. He has given interviews discussing "music activism" on behalf of the Justice Through Music Project to groups such as Public Radio Exchange. The Justice Through Music Project has also posted music videos opposing torture by the United States and opposing referendum efforts to ban same-sex marriage.
Litigation[edit | edit source]
Kimberlin, the son of a lawyer, has been involved in extensive litigation over the years. By 1992, he had already filed over 100 motions and lawsuits in federal courts on his own behalf, including a lawsuit against Senator Orrin Hatch in 1999. The case against Hatch was dismissed in DC's District Court.
Blog About Brett Kimberlin Day[edit | edit source]
In May 2012 Slate reported that conservative bloggers were criticizing Kimberlin in an event called "Blog About Brett Kimberlin Day," apparently based on litigation brought by Kimberlin against the bloggers. Two bloggers who had written about Kimberlin said they were the victim of swatting, hoaxes that brought armed police officers to their homes. Kimberlin denied any connection to the incidents.
On June 6, 2012, Senator Saxby Chambliss sent a letter to Attorney General Eric Holder requesting an investigation of the swatting cases. Kimberlin repeated his denial of any involvement in the hoax calls.
References[edit | edit source]
- Singer, Mark (1996). Citizen K: The Deeply Weird American Journey of Brett Kimberlin. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0679429999.
- Singer, Mark (October 5, 1992). "The Prisoner and the Politician". The New Yorker. pp. 110–111. Retrieved May 28, 2012. (later "Singer 1992")
- "United States v. Kimberlin, 805 F.2d 210 (7th Cir. 1986)". Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Singer, Mark (October 7, 1996). "Unfinished Business". The New Yorker. p. 58. Retrieved May 28, 2012. (later "Singer 1996")
- Singer 1996, p. 57.
- Gelarden, R Joseph (October 18, 1981). "Kimberlin Case a Maze of Murder, Deceit" (PDF). Indianapolis Star. pp. 1, 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 26, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- Singer 1996, p. 58.
- "StarFiles: The Speedway Bombings, Part 2". Indianapolis Star. October 6, 2010. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- "StarFiles: The Speedway Bombings, Part 1". Indianapolis Star. October 6, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Singer 1996, pp. 59-60.
- Singer 1996, p. 60.
- "United States v. Kimberlin, 692 F. 2d 760 (7th Cir. 1982)". Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- "United States v. Kimberlin, 673 F.2d 1335 (7th Cir. 1981)". Retrieved May 28, 1982. Check date values in:
- "United States v. Kimberlin, 675 F.2d 866 (7th Cir. 1982)(Posner, J.)". Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- "Kimberlin v. U.S. Parole Commission, 7 F.3d 527 (6th Cir. 1993)". Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- "Kimberlin v. DeWalt, 12 F.Supp.2d 487 (D. Md. 1998)".
- Singer 1992, p. 117-119.
- "Kimberlin v. Quinlan, 199 F.3d 496 (D.C. Cir. 1999)". Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Singer 1992, pp. 120-122.
- Singer 1992, p. 108.
- Frantz, Douglas (October 3, 1992). "Senator Says Inmate Was Isolated to Quiet Quayle Drug Allegations". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Singer 1992, pp. 114-115,
- Singer 1996, p. 56
- Suarez, Ray (December 3, 1996). "Lying: an interview with Mark Singer". Talk of the Nation. National Public Radio. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Singer 1996, p. 70.
- Singer 1996, p. 55.
- Warren, James (March 13, 1994). "'Speedway Bomber' Sitting Pretty". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Calabresi, Massimo (January 5, 2007). "The Wizard of Odd". Time. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- "Justice Through Music on Public Radio Exchange". YouTube. November 14, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- "Justice Through Music Releases Music Video Opposing Torture" (Press release). November 3, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- "Justice Through Music Releases New Music Video To Galvanize Support Against California's Prop 8 Referendum Opposing Marriage Equality" (Press release). February 22, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Singer 1996, p. 62.
- "Congressional Record - 106th Congress (1999-2000) - THOMAS (Library of Congress)". Thomas.loc.gov. November 19, 1999. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- Weigel, David (May 25, 2012). "Opening act: Blog about Brett Kimberlin Day". Slate.com. Retrieved May 30, 2012.
- Weber, Joseph (June 1, 2012). "Conservative bloggers say they're targets of dangerous 'SWAT-ing' prank". Fox News. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- Saenz, Arlette (June 6, 2012). "Senator Asks DOJ to Investigate SWAT-ting Attacks on Conservative Bloggers". ABC News. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
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