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British India – British Nigeria relations

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki

British Nigeria—British India relations
British Raj
  Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
  British India

British colonialism within British India was prolonged and deep. By contrast, British rule in Africa, including in Nigeria, was relatively short and superficial. This chapter analyzes the motives, mechanisms, and impact of British colonialism by comparing these two experiences. The economic importance of British India to Great Britain was far greater than that of Nigeria. Crown rule over India was established with brutal force and sustained via despotic institutions of rule. The Scramble for Africa was sparked by growing competition among European powers, but the economic context was also important. The British Raj left behind moderately well-functioning state institutions in India but an impoverished economy, in which the life expectancy of an average Indian was thirty-two years. In Nigeria both the state and the economy that the British left behind were seriously underdeveloped. The nations of Nigeria and modern India both have exceptionally diverse populations, endured the deliberate divide-and-rule strategies executed by British colonizers who sought thereby to exacerbate existing differences, and experienced peaceful transfers from colonial rule to independence. Despite these key similarities in certain aspects of their colonial and decolonization experiences, India and Nigeria have had very different levels of success in their efforts to create and maintain politically stable nation-states.

British India and British Cameroon[edit]

British Cameroon—British India relations
British Raj
  British Cameroon
  British India

Since 1916 when the British and French partitioned German Kamerun, the Re-unification of Cameroon has been an important political issue.