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The Cheonbong (天峰, 천봉) poomsae are a series of six empty hand forms taught mainly in Song Moo Kwan Taekwondo. The Cheonbong poomsae were designed by Grandmaster Hyon. His training with “Wing Chun” instructors inspired the creation of this poomsae series and is very evident in its flowing techniques and its overall presentation. Cheonbong II bon, Sam bon and O bon incorporate power-based techniques, while Cheonbong Ee bon, Sa bon and Yuk bon are focused on speed techniques.

The foremost living authority on the poomsae series is Grandmaster Robert Frankovich (8th Dan, Song Moo Kwan). The name Cheonbong (sometimes spelled as “Chung Bong”) was initially only verbally communicated through the lineage of its practitioners and as such passed down to GM Frankovich. Although it is not specifically known how or why, at some point the poomsae was referred to in English as “Blue Tree”. Through meticulous research, GM Frankovich later determined that the name actually means “Heaven’s Peak”.

In his book “The Complete Series: Song Moo Kwan Chung Bong Hyung” Frankovich writes: “The stances in the Chung Bong hyungs reflect the Japanese influence in Korean martial arts. They are low and wide to provide greater stability and strength. The use of these deep stances may hinder movement and are not intended to be used in free sparring or combat situations. The Chung Bong hyung also use some modified stances that help connect techniques with a more fluid movement. These stances are used for their benefits in increasing the physical condition of the student by helping develop stability and in generating power. There are three concepts that need to be examined to help in the development of proper stances. Each concept uses the extremes to describe the way to adjust the stance.

The concept of "width" can be determined by viewing the stance from the front. Most stances are shoulder width and some wider. Students are often corrected by being told the stance is too narrow or too wide. Students tend to be quite narrow when first learning.

Another concept is the "length" of a stance, which is viewed from the side. The most common problem in length is being too short. This occurs when a student doesn't step far enough forward and has nearly straight legs. In all stances, the student should be low enough that the bent knee(s) hide the foot from view. Stances shouldn't be so long that they cause a balance problem when the student tries to move for a technique. That is, aptly, called too long. Being too long isn't really a problem as often as being too short.

The last concept is one that can eliminate directional problems. Often the terms "lead" and "back" are used to describe which body part will do the technique. "Lead" is the side closest to your opponent and "back" is the side farthest from your opponent. This can help to differentiate which body part is to move without using left or right. The use of left and right is associated with the weight distribution in a particular stance. The leg that has the majority of the weight resting on it is most often said to be left or right. An example of this is a back stance, which has 70% of the body weight resting on the back leg. So, if the right leg is the back leg then the stance is a right back stance. The Half “Kimase” stances have even weight distribution and are left or right, according to which knee is bent. There are many transitionary stances that occur within these hyungs. Due to that fact, it is most often stated that a student "ends" in a proper stance, rather than "lands" in a proper stance.[4]

Since the publication of GM Frankovich’s book, a number of Song Moo Kwan Taekwondo schools have begun teaching one of more of these poomsae and their popularity is ever growing.


  1. Frankovich, Robert (2014). The True forms of Song Moo Kwan Taekwondo, volume 1: Chung Bong Hyungs 1-3 (1st ed.). USA: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. pp. 1–48. ISBN 978-1502436757. Search this book on
  2. Frankovich, Robert (2015). The True forms of Song Moo Kwan Taekwondo, volume 2 (1st ed.). USA: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. pp. 1–40. ISBN 978-1512064599. Search this book on
  3. exile (2008). "Chung Bong: the forgotten hyung series of TKD".
  4. Frankovich, Robert (2021). The Complete Series: Song Moo Kwan Chung Bong Hyung (1st ed.). Columbia, SC: Independently published. pp. 3, 4. ISBN 979-8576063475. Search this book on

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