From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki

Coldplay are a British rock band formed in London in 1996.[1][2] The four members, lead singer and pianist Chris Martin, lead guitarist Jonny Buckland, bassist Guy Berryman, and drummer Will Champion were at University College London, and came together from 1996 to 1998, during which time the band changed names from Pectoralz, to Starfish, then Coldplay. Creative director and former manager Phil Harvey is often referred to as the fifth member by the band.[3] They recorded and released two EPs: Safety in 1998 and The Blue Room in 1999. The latter was their first release on a major label, after signing to Parlophone.[4]

Coldplay achieved worldwide fame with the release of the song "Yellow" in 2000,[5] followed in the same year by their debut album Parachutes,which was nominated for the Mercury Prize.[6]

Coldplay have won numerous awards throughout their career, including nine Brit Awards, six MTV Video Music Awards, seven MTV Europe Music Awards and seven Grammy Awards from 29 nominations.[7]

They have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists.[8] Three of their albums: Parachutes, A Rush of Blood to the Head, and X&Y, are among the best-selling albums in UK chart history.[9] In December 2009, Rolling Stone readers voted the group the fourth-best artist of the 2000s.[10] Coldplay have supported various social and political causes, such as Oxfam's Make Trade Fair campaign and Amnesty International.

Musical style[edit]

Coldplay's musical style has generally been regarded as alternative rock,[11] pop rock,[12] post-Britpop,[13] and pop.[14] Chris Martin once proclaimed the band's music as "limestone rock" in comparison to "hard rock".[15] The band's music has been called "meditative" and "blue romantic"; it "[reflects] on their emotions" and Martin "endlessly examine[s] his feelings".[16] Coldplay started out as one of many earnest post-Britpop bands.[17]

Activism and commercial endorsements[edit]

Despite their worldwide popularity, the band has remained protective of how their music is used in the media, refusing its use for product endorsements. In the past, Coldplay turned down multimillion-dollar contracts from Gatorade, Diet Coke, and Gap, who wanted to use the songs "Yellow", "Trouble", and "Don't Panic" respectively.[18] According to frontman, Chris Martin, "We wouldn't be able to live with ourselves if we sold the songs' meanings like that."[19]

Band members[edit][edit]

  • Guy Berryman – bass, backing vocals, keyboards, mandolin
  • Jonny Buckland – lead guitar, backing vocals, keyboards
  • Will Champion – drums, percussion, backing vocals, guitar, piano, keyboards
  • Chris Martin – lead vocals, guitar, piano, keyboards, harmonica
  • Phil Harvey – creative director (recognised by Coldplay as their fifth member)