This article contains paid contributions.
|Developers||TypeFox and Ericsson|
|Initial release||March 2017|
|License||Eclipse Public License 2.0 (EPL2)|
|Type||Programming tool, Integrated development environment (IDE)|
Eclipse Theia is an open-source framework to develop multi-language integrated development environments (IDE) for the cloud and desktop. It is implemented in TypeScript, with a focus on extensibility, and it is based on Visual Studio Code (VS Code).
Theia was developed by the companies TypeFox and Ericsson. It was first launched in March 2017. Since May 2018 it has also become a project of the Eclipse Foundation. Today, the companies RedHat, IBM, Google and ARM are contributing to the Theia project.
The layout of Theia is based on PhosphorJS, which provides a foundation for draggable dock layouts. Theia is also built on the Language Server Protocol (LSP) and supports thereby over 60 available language servers.  LSP provides editing support for all major programming languages as well. A Theia application consists of a number of extensions, that can contribute to the frontend and the backend part. Any functionality is implemented as an extension, so it is using the same application programming interfaces (API) a third-party extension would use. That means the user can add new functionalities by implementing their own extensions or VS Code extensions. Further functions are an embedded preview, command support and search functions.
March 2018: IBM Microclimate, a microservices development platform, uses a code editor based on Theia
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