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Edward B. Kinzer

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Edward Blaine Kinzer
Born(1917-08-22)August 22, 1917
Rock, West Virginia
DiedMay 8, 1942(1942-05-08) (aged 24)
Coral Sea
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branchUnited States Naval Reserve
Years of service1941–1942
RankEnsign
UnitScouting Squadron 5
Battles/warsWorld War II
*Battle of the Coral Sea
AwardsNavy Cross

Edward B. Kinzer (1917–1942) was a United States Navy officer who received the Navy Cross posthumously for his actions in combat during World War II.

Naval career[edit]

Edward Blaine Kinzer was born in Rock, West Virginia, on 22 August 1917. He enlisted in the United States Naval Reserve on 26 February 1941, was appointed Aviation Cadet on 3 April 1941, and was commissioned as an ensign on 20 October 1941. On 12 November 1941 he was assigned to Scouting Squadron 5 on board the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown (CV-5) as a Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber pilot.

Considered an aggressive and skillful pilot, Kinzer flew with Scouting Squadron 5 in the Battle of the Coral Sea during World War II. He contributed materially to the sinking or damaging of eight Japanese vessels in Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942 and the sinking of the Japanese aircraft carrier Shōhō on 7 May 1942. On 8 May 1942, while piloting his dive bomber on anti-torpedo plane patrol during the battle, he died while fiercely engaging "the continued attack of enemy bombing and torpedo planes and their fighter support."[1]

Awards[edit]

Kinzer was awarded the Navy Cross posthumously for extraordinary heroism and extreme disregard of his own personal safety during the Battle of Coral Sea.

Namesake[edit]

The U.S. Navy destroyer escort USS Kinzer (DE-232) was named for Ensign Kinzer. After she was launched in 1943, she was converted into the fast transport USS Kinzer (APD-91), and was in commission as such from 1944 to 1946.


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Notes[edit]

  1. This quote, from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (at http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/k4/kinzer.htm) is unattributed.

References[edit]

  • This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External links[edit]


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