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Evolution (Hardy)

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Inspired by the Evolution of Black Music
by Edward W. Hardy
KeyE minor
Published2019 (2019)[1]
  • Violin
"Evolution (violin solo)" on YouTube

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Evolution for solo violin, written by Edward W. Hardy in 2016, was originally composed and performed for the Congressional Black Caucus at The Howard Theatre and was a part of the opening of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.[2][3][4] It follows the typical cadenza musical structure.


Hardy said the music was inspired by "the hymn Wade in the Water because of the history of secret codes embedded in the song that gave guidance to slaves as they embarked on their journey to freedom using the Underground Railroad".[5][6] Evolution uses fragments of Wade in the Water[7][8] while bridging the gaps between hip-hop, classical music, spirituals, blues, and jazz music.[9]

In 2016, a preview of this piece was released as the bonus track on The Woodsman (Original Off-Broadway Solo Recording).[10]


Journalist Nick Stevens described this work “like a composite of multiple Spirituals at first, that later grooves and soars".[11]

Violinists such as Penny Thompson Kruse, Professor of violin at Bowling Green State University,[12] Benjamin Scott, violinist of the National Symphony Orchestra,[13][14] and Peter Sulski, faculty violin/viola teacher at Clark University, performed Evolution during their virtual artist concert series amidst the coronavirus pandemic and in response to the Black Lives Matter movement.[15][16]


  1. "Evolution - Inspired by the Evolution of Black Music / Edward W Hardy [notated music]". memory.loc.gov. The Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  2. Wild, Stephi (August 17, 2019). "Acclaimed Violinist, Edward W. Hardy, Releases New Single Inspired By The Evolution Of Black Music". Broadway World. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  3. Zarczynski, Andrea (February 23, 2021). "How Critically Acclaimed Violinist Edward W. Hardy Is Transforming Mood Into Music". Forbes. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  4. Conaway, Javon. "ARTBYJCON x Edward W Hardy". ARTBYJCON. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  5. Mastrandrea, Paige (January 20, 2020). "Q&A With Composer And Musician, Edward W. Hardy". Haute Living. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  6. News, Local 802 (February 4, 2020). "'Why we joined the union'" (Volume 120, No. 2). Allegro Magazine. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  7. "Edward W. Hardy Evolution Traditional Folk Wade in the Water". Who Sampled. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  8. "Evolution by Edward W. Hardy". Second Hand Songs. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  9. "Meet Edward W. Hardy". Voyage LA. March 25, 2021. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  10. "Edward W. Hardy-Evolution Edward W. Hardy Bonus Track". Who Sampled. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  11. Stevens, Nick. "Nnenna Ogwo's Fifth Annual Juneteeth Celebration Pulls from the Archives". I Care If You Listen. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  12. State University, Bowling Green. "Faculty Artist Series: Penny Thompson Kruse, violin". Events.bgsu.edu. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  13. Tube, Stage (August 3, 2020). "VIDEO: Benjamin Scott, Lauren Scott, and Abigail Leidy Perform as Part of NSO @ Home LIVE". Broadway World. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  14. "NSO at Home: Sunday Concert - Benjamin Scott, Lauren Scott & Abigail Leidy". The Kennedy Center. 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  15. Sulski, Peter. "Genius Children" (PDF). ClarkU. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  16. Wright, Zoe (September 22, 2020). "Clark faculty to perform the work of Black composers in virtual concert series". Clark Now. Retrieved 10 June 2021.

External links[edit]

Category:compositions by Edward W. Hardy Category:2016 compositions Category:Compositions in E minor Category:Compositions for violin Category:Solo violin pieces Category:Music of the African diaspora Category:African-American music

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