Evolutionary logic

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Evolutionary Logic is the idea that logical rules can be reduced to biology. It is a theory of rationality in which rational and logical rules emerged for pragmatic reasons, and are therefore not special laws. The formal systems of logic have ordinarily been studied independently, but (continual) progress in evolutionary theory suggests that biology and logic could be intimately interrelated. Evolutionary Logic suggests that the principles of reasoning are neither fixed, absolute, independent, nor elemental. Instead it is the evolutionary dynamic that is elemental.

William S. Cooper argues in the book The Evolution of Reason that logical rules are derived directly from evolutionary principles,[1] and therefore, have no metaphysical status of their own.

See also[edit]

  • Naturalized epistemology
  • Consilience
  • Logic#Criticisms of logic
  • Cognitive closure (philosophy)
  • Dialetheism


  1. William S. Cooper. The Evolution of Reason: Logic as a Branch of Biology. Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology. ISBN 978-0-521-54025-4

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