Gop Chieftaincy

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Gopa State
Chieftaincy- 1752–1857
Zamindari- 1857–1947
Dynasty - Krishnavanshi Gopa
1752–1947
History
 •  Established 1752
 •  Disestablished 1947
Today part of Bihar,
Republic of India
Son of Maheshwari Prasad Yadav, Zamindar of Gop Estate.
Maheshwari Bhawan Tintanga village Naugachia

Gop Chieftaincy was a Principality and later a notable zamindari estate based from Tintanga village of Naugachia Bhagalpur.[1][2][3][4] It covered lands in various parts of Bihar,Jharkhand and even in parts of Bengal.[5] The founders of Gop Chieftaincy belonged to Sadgop[6][7] clan of Yadav community,[8][9] who traced their origin from Gopala Dynasty of Nepal.[10] Descendants of Gop dynasty established a principality in Midanpore,Gopbhum and Bhagalpur of undivided Bengal (orissa,Bihar,West Bengal) which reduced to zamindari in British era.[11][12]

History[edit]

Origin[edit]

Gop chieftaincy was established By Lalchandra Gop(Chulai gop) of Gop Dynasty[13][14] They were vassal chiefs who had autonomy over their state, but were subjugated by the Mughals and paid a tribute/nazarana to the Mughal Emperor.[15][16]

Relation with Mughal's[edit]

Santlal Gop, Zamindar of Tintanga Estate

Naugachia was under the Bengal province. When pindaris attacked Naugachia Fulchandra singh gop (Futty singh) leaded the army to fight against pindaris.[17][18] In return Fulchandra Singh got 5000 acres of land from the government and later his son Santlal gop became jagirdar of Gopalpur janpadh of Naugachia.[19]

In British India[edit]

During the rule of British gop zamindars of Tintanga refused to pay tax to the British government after which British started seizing their lands and declared Maheshwari prasad Yadav of gop zamindari Tintanga as a traitor to British government and issued a warrant against him and his brother kali prasad.[20][21][22][23][24]

File:Zamindar Sahib maheshwari babu.jpg
Babu Maheshwari Prasad,zamindar of Tintanga Estate.
Temple built by zamindars of Tintanga Estate

Zamindars[edit]

  • Rai Bahadur Lalchandra Gop
  • Rai Bahadur Fulchandra singh Gop
  • Rai Bahadur Santlal singh Gop
  • Babu Maheshwari Prasad
Rai sahib and Rai Bahadur title of Zamindars of Tintanga which was later took off when Maheshwari Babu revolted against British Raj.

Post Independence[edit]

After Indian Independence from British rule in 1947, the Government of India initiated several land reform actions and the Zamindari system was abolished.[25] The fortunes of "Tintanga Estate" dwindled.

Zamindar of Tintanga "Sri Maheshwari prasad Yadav" After abolishment of zamindari and seizure of lands By Government sent some of his family members to Jamshedpur and established a Transport company named Maheshwari Brothers, and his brother shyamal Govind prasad established Gop Transport.[26] The family owns several gas stations, petrol pumps and major automobile centres in the city.[27]

Maheshwari Brothers Petrol Pump at Jamshedpur.

Tintanga Photo Gallery[edit]

File:Son of Maheshwari prasad.jpg
Son of zamindar Maheshwari Babu with cm Lalu in Tintanga village
File:Maheshwari Babu with his rolls royce.jpg
Maheshwari Babu with his Rolls Royce

References[edit]

  1. Tintanga estate https://books.google.co.in/books?id=ho_SjZ0SiyYC&q=tintanga+estate&dq=tintanga+estate&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi75aPF9IzwAhVRg-YKHTTEBWQQ6AEwBXoECAYQAw
  2. Tintanga estate https://books.google.co.in/books?id=vZd5saIJuoAC&q=Tintanga+estate&dq=Tintanga+estate&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjyudnO84zwAhUb7XMBHScFBBoQ6AEwAHoECAMQAw
  3. Reference about Tintanga estate https://books.google.co.in/books?id=WyduAAAAMAAJ&q=Tintanga&dq=Tintanga&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjr1cGN9IzwAhW0guYKHadUCX8Q6AEwAHoECAUQAw
  4. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=apE-AQAAMAAJ&q=tintanga+estate&dq=tintanga+estate&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi75aPF9IzwAhVRg-YKHTTEBWQQ6AEwB3oECAgQAw
  5. Pincode of Tintanga village"Pin Code: TINTANGA, BHAGALPUR, BIHAR, India, Pincode.net.in". pincode.net.in.
  6. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=-EogAAAAMAAJ&q=sadgop+dynasty&dq=sadgop+dynasty&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjm56itso7wAhXJwzgGHT_CBwsQ6AEwAnoECAEQAw
  7. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=td4dAAAAMAAJ&q=sadgop+dynasty&dq=sadgop+dynasty&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjm56itso7wAhXJwzgGHT_CBwsQ6AEwBXoECAQQAw
  8. Bihar (India); Choudhury, Pranab Chandra Roy (1957). Bihar District Gazetteers: Bhagalpur. Superintendent, Secretariat Press, Bihar. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  9. Krishnavanshi Yadavs https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Statistical_Account_of_Bengal_District.html?id=qW5DAAAAYAAJ
  10. Gopal Dynasty Kerung, P. T. Sherpa; Höivik, Susan (2002). Nepal, the Living Heritage: Environment and Culture. Kathmandu Environmental Education Project. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  11. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=z6eBAAAAMAAJ&q=gop+zamindari&dq=gop+zamindari&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj809ic_IHwAhXWgUsFHWPEC4QQ6AEwB3oECAkQAw
  12. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=vCFuAAAAMAAJ&q=gopbhum+bengal&dq=gopbhum+bengal&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjNv9zo_4HwAhWWzDgGHY4OCO0Q6AEwAHoECAAQAw
  13. Reference about chulai Gop https://books.google.co.in/books?id=MpEhAAAAMAAJ&dq=gop+Yadav&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=+%E0%A4%97%E0%A5%8B%E0%A4%AA
  14. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=ezzuAAAAIAAJ&q=gop&dq=gop+caste+ruler&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi_95DhzoDwAhUU_XMBHYAfDA4Q6AEwAXoECAEQAw
  15. Zamindaris Of Northern Bihar By Dr R.kumari "Zamindars of Bihar". sites.google.com.
  16. T http://ir.amu.ac.in/3707/1/T%207407.pdf
  17. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=42pDAAAAYAAJ&dq=pindaris+in+Bihar&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=pindari
  18. Fulchandra singh Gop(Futty singh)https://books.google.co.in/books?id=rda1AAAAIAAJ&q=pindaris+in+Bihar&dq=pindaris+in+Bihar&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjSrqTwp4LwAhUh5DgGHTKqCWwQ6AEwA3oECAYQAw
  19. "Maheshwari BrothersPetrol Pump in Mango, East Singhbhum District, Jharkhand". www.codeforbanks.com - The Best Destination for Personal Finance Marketplace.
  20. Kali prasad brother of Maheshwari prasad https://books.google.co.in/books?id=FnhuAAAAMAAJ&q=tintanga+saidpur+kali+prasad&dq=tintanga+saidpur+kali+prasad&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj9o_Tp-ozwAhXH8HMBHYkYCGoQ6AEwAHoECAEQAw
  21. Kali prasad Tintanga estate https://books.google.co.in/books?id=271EVq95-BEC&q=tintanga+saidpur+kali+prasad&dq=tintanga+saidpur+kali+prasad&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj9o_Tp-ozwAhXH8HMBHYkYCGoQ6AEwBHoECAUQAw
  22. Tintanga estate in freedom movement https://www.jstor.org/stable/44144790?seq=1
  23. Bihar (India); Choudhury, Pranab Chandra Roy (1957). Bihar District Gazetteers: Bhagalpur. Superintendent, Secretariat Press, Bihar. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  24. Prakash, Gyan (2003-10-30). Bonded Histories: Genealogies of Labor Servitude in Colonial India. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-52658-6. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  25. Abolition of zamindari http://www.gktoday.in/blog/abolition-of-zamindari-in-india/
  26. Gop transport https://books.google.co.in/books?redir_esc=y&id=xo7PsK29NEEC&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%E0%A4%97%E0%A5%8B%E0%A4%AA+
  27. "Maheshwari Brothers, N.H.33, Baliguma, Mango, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand". indiapl.com.

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