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Hollywood, Florida

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Hollywood, Florida
City
City of Hollywood
Hollywood Beach Skyline
Hollywood Beach Skyline
Flag of Hollywood, Florida
Flag
Official seal of Hollywood, Florida
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Diamond of the Gold Coast
Location of Hollywood, Florida
Map of USA
Map of USA
Hollywood, Florida
Location of Hollywood in the state of Florida
Map of USA
Map of USA
Hollywood, Florida
Hollywood, Florida (the United States)
Coordinates: 26°1′17″N 80°10′30″W / 26.02139°N 80.17500°W / 26.02139; -80.17500Coordinates: 26°1′17″N 80°10′30″W / 26.02139°N 80.17500°W / 26.02139; -80.17500
Fatal error: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


CountryUnited States
StateFlorida
CountyBroward
FoundedFebruary 18, 1921
IncorporatedNovember 28, 1925
Government
 • TypeCommission-manager
 • MayorJosh Levy (R)[1]
 • Vice MayorKevin D. Biederman
 • CommissionersCaryl Shuham, Peter D. Hernandez, Traci L. Callari, Richard S. Blattner, and Linda Sherwood
 • City ManagerWazir Ishmael
Area
 • Total30.80 sq mi (79.76 km2)
 • Land27.27 sq mi (70.63 km2)
 • Water3.52 sq mi (9.13 km2)  11.23%
Elevation9 ft (3 m)
Population
(2010)
 • Total140,768
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
154,817
 • Density5,676.98/sq mi (2,191.91/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
33004, 33009, 33019-33021, 33023, 33024, 33312, 33314, 33316
Area code(s)954, 754
FIPS code12-32000[5]
GNIS feature ID0284176[6]
Websitewww.HollywoodFL.org

Hollywood is a city in southern Broward County, Florida, United States, located between Fort Lauderdale and Miami.[7] The average temperature is between 68 and 83 °F (20 and 28 °C). As of July 1, 2019, Hollywood had a population of 154,817.[4] Founded in 1925, the city grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s, and is now the twelfth-largest city in Florida.[8] Hollywood is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census.

History[edit]

Joseph Young arrived in South Florida in 1920 to create his own "Dream City in Florida." His vision included the beaches of the Atlantic Ocean stretching westward with man made lakes, infrastructure, roads and the Intracoastal waterway. He wanted to include large parks, schools, churches, and golf courses; these were all industries and activities which were very important to Young's life.[citation needed] After Young spent millions of dollars on the construction of the city, he was elected as the first mayor in 1925. This new town quickly became home to northerners known as snowbirds. These snowbirds flee the north during the winter and then escape the south during the summer to avoid the harsh climates. By 1960, Hollywood contained more than 2,400 hotel units along with the construction of 12,170 single family homes.[9] Young bought up thousands of acres of land around 1920, and named his new town "Hollywood by the Sea" to distinguish it from his other real estate venture, "Hollywood in the Hills", in New York.

The skyline of Hollywood, Florida
A photo of Hollywood Beach taken in late October 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic

The Florida guide, published by the Federal Writers' Project, describes the early development of Hollywood, an early example of a planned community that proliferated in Florida during the real estate boom of the 1920s:

During the early days of development here, 1,500 trucks and tractors were engaged in clearing land and grading streets; two yacht basins, designed by General George Washington Goethals, chief engineer in the construction of the Panama Canal, were dredged and connected with the Intracostal Waterway. A Large power plant was installed, and when the city lights went on for the first time, ships at sea reported that Miami was on fire, and their radio alarms and the red glow in the sky brought people to the rescue from miles around. [10]

— Federal Writers'Project, "Part III: The Florida Loop", Florida: A Guide to the Southernmost State (1947)

Prospective purchasers of land were enticed by free hotel accommodation and entertainment, and "were driven about the city-to-be on trails blazed through palmetto thickets; so desolate and forlorn were some stretches that many women became hysterical, it is said, and a few fainted.[10] Young had a vision of having lakes, golf courses, a luxury beach hotel (Hollywood Beach Hotel, now Hollywood Beach Resort), country clubs, and a main street, Hollywood Boulevard.[11] After the 1926 Miami hurricane, Hollywood was severely damaged; local newspapers reported that Hollywood was second only to Miami in losses from the storm.[9] Following Young's death in 1934, the city encountered other destructive hurricanes and the stock market crashed with personal financial misfortunes.[11]

Following the damage inflicted by Hurricane Irma in 2017, an initiative called Rebuild Florida was created by the Florida Department of Economic Opportunity (DEO) to provide aid to citizens affected by the natural disaster. The initial focus of Rebuild Florida was its Housing Repair Program, which offered assistance in rebuilding families' homes that were impacted by Hurricane Irma. The program priorities low-income vulnerable residents, such as the disabled, the elderly and those families with children under five.[citation needed]

Timeline[edit]

Timeline of Hollywood, Florida
  • 1921 – Hollywood by the Sea platted on land of Joseph Wesley Young[12][13]
  • 1925
    • Hollywood incorporated[14]
    • Hollywood Police Department established
    • Hollywood Boulevard Bridge built (approximate date)[15]
    • Joseph Wesley Young becomes mayor; C.H. Windham becomes city manager[16]
    • Joseph Wesley Young House built
  • 1926
    • Hollywood Beach Hotel in business[12]
    • September 18: 1926 Miami hurricane demolished city[12]
  • 1928 – Port Everglades opened near Hollywood[13]
  • 1930
    • Hollywood Hills Inn built[12]
    • Population: 2,689.
  • 1932 – Riverside Military Academy Hollywood campus established[12]
  • 1935 – Fiesta Tropicale began[12]
  • 1937 – Florida Theatre built[17]
  • 1947 – Hurricanes occur[15]
  • 1948 – Broward County International Airport opened[13]
  • 1950 – Population: 14,351
  • 1952 – Joseph Watson became city manager (until circa 1970)[15]
  • 1953 – Hollywood Memorial Hospital opened[15]
  • 1957
    • "Seminole Tribe of Florida gained official recognition by the federal government, with tribal headquarters located in Hollywood[13]
    • McArthur High School opened
  • 1958 – Diplomat Hotel in business[15]
  • 1959 – Seminole Tribe's Okalee Indian Village in business.[13]
  • 1960 – Population: 35,237
  • 1962 – Arrow Drive-In cinema in business[17]
  • 1964 – Home Federal Tower hi-rise built.[15]
  • 1967 – Hollywood West Elks Lodge founded[18]
  • 1970 – Population: 106,873
  • 1971
    • Pageant of the Unconquered Seminoles held in Hollywood[15]
    • Topeekeegee Yugnee Park opened[13]
  • 1972 – Broward County Historical Commission established [1]
  • 1974 – Broward County Library System established.[13]
  • 1975 – Art and Culture Center of Hollywood opened
  • 1981
    • July 27: Murder of Adam Walsh[12]
    • "U.S. Supreme Court affirms Tribe's right to high-stakes bingo at Hollywood in Seminole Tribe of Florida vs. Butterworth"[19]
  • 1982 – West Lake Park opened[20]
  • 1983 – Seminole Tribune newspaper begins publication.[21]
  • 1996
    • Kolb Nature Center opened in West Lake Park[20]
    • City website online (approximate date)[22][23]
  • 1997 – New Times Broward-Palm Beach newspaper began publication
  • 2004 – Seminole Tribe's Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Hollywood in business[13]
  • 2010 – Population: 140,768[24][25]
  • 2013 – Frederica Wilson became U.S. representative for Florida's 24th congressional district[26]
  • 2016 – Josh Levy became mayor[27]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.8 square miles (80 km2), of which 27.34 square miles (71 km2) is land and 3.46 square miles (9 km2) is covered by water (11.23%).[28]

Hollywood is in southeastern Broward County, and includes about 5 to 6 miles (8.0 to 9.7 km) of Atlantic Ocean beach, interrupted briefly by a portion deeded to Dania Beach. It is bounded by these municipalities:

Neighborhoods[edit]

These are the neighborhoods and communities that are officially recognized by the City of Hollywood.[29][30]

  • 441 Corridor
  • Alandco
  • Arapahoe Farms
  • Beverly Hills
  • Beverly Park
  • Boulevard Heights
  • Camino Sheridan
  • Carriage/Carriage Hills
  • Central Business District
  • Condo presidents
  • Downtown Hollywood
  • Driftwood/Driftwood Acres
  • East Lake
  • Emerald Hills
  • Emerald Oaks
  • Emerald Point
  • Estates of Fort Lauderdale
  • Highland Gardens
  • Hillcrest
  • Hollywood Beach
  • Hollywood Gardens
  • Hollywood Hills
  • Hollywood Lakes
  • Hollywood North Beach
  • Hollywood South Central Beach
  • L'Etoile at Emerald Point
  • Lake Eden
  • Lakes of Emerald Hills
  • Lawnacres
  • Liberia
  • Mapleridge
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Community
  • North Central
  • Oak Point
  • Oakridge
  • Oakwood Hills
  • Park East
  • Park Side
  • Playland/Playland Village
  • Playland Estates
  • Quadomain
  • Royal Poinciana
  • Sheridan Oaks
  • Stirling Commercial
  • The Homes at East Lake
  • The Townhouses of Emerald Hills
  • The Wood of Emerald Hills
  • T.Y. (Topeekeegee Yugnee) Park
  • Washington Park
  • West Hollywood

Climate[edit]

Hollywood has a tropical rainforest climate (Am), with long, hot, humid, and rainy summers and short, warm, and dry winters.

Climate data for Hollywood, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
94
(34)
92
(33)
94
(34)
98
(37)
97
(36)
99
(37)
98
(37)
98
(37)
98
(37)
91
(33)
88
(31)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 76
(24)
77
(25)
79
(26)
82
(28)
86
(30)
88
(31)
90
(32)
90
(32)
89
(32)
86
(30)
81
(27)
77
(25)
83
(28)
Average low °F (°C) 59
(15)
60
(16)
63
(17)
66
(19)
71
(22)
74
(23)
75
(24)
76
(24)
75
(24)
72
(22)
67
(19)
62
(17)
68
(20)
Record low °F (°C) 28
(−2)
31
(−1)
32
(0)
40
(4)
54
(12)
60
(16)
64
(18)
66
(19)
61
(16)
47
(8)
35
(2)
30
(−1)
28
(−2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.94
(75)
2.70
(69)
2.80
(71)
3.91
(99)
6.33
(161)
10.01
(254)
6.70
(170)
6.88
(175)
8.26
(210)
6.44
(164)
4.57
(116)
2.65
(67)
64.19
(1,630)
Source: [31]
Hollywood Beach in March 2008

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19302,689
19406,239132.0%
195014,351130.0%
196035,237145.5%
1970106,873203.3%
1980121,32313.5%
1990121,6970.3%
2000139,35714.5%
2010140,7681.0%
Est. 2019154,817[4]10.0%
[32][33][34]
Hollywood Demographics
2010 Census Hollywood Broward County Florida
Total population 140,768 1,748,066 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +1.0% +7.7% +17.6%
Population density 5,143.8/sq mi 1,444.9/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White 72.7% 63.1% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White) 47.5% 43.5% 57.9%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 32.6% 25.1% 22.5%
Black or African-American 16.7% 26.7% 16.0%
Asian 2.4% 3.2% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.4% 0.3% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 3.2% 2.9% 2.5%
Some Other Race 4.5% 3.7% 3.6%

As of 2000, there were 59,673 households, out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.2% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.00.

The city's age demographic shows a mixed population with 21.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 90.9 men.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,714, and the median income for a family was $55,849. Males had a median income of $33,102 versus $21,237 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,097. About 9.9% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2000, speakers of English as a first language accounted for 66.94% of residents, Spanish accounted for 21.62%, French made up 2.06%, French Creole consisted of 1.32%, Italian comprised 1.12%, Romanian was at 0.91%, Hebrew at 0.88%, Portuguese 0.84%, and German as a mother tongue was 0.72% of the population.[35]

As of 2000, Hollywood had the seventy-fifth highest percentage of Cuban residents in the U.S., at 4.23% of the city's population,[36] and the sixty-fifth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 2.26% of the city's population (tied with both the town and village of Mount Kisco, New York.)[37] It also had the fifty-seventh highest percentage of Peruvian residents in the US, at 1.05% of the city's population (tied with Locust Valley, New York),[38] and the twentieth highest percentage of Romanian residents in the US, at 1.1% of the its population (tied with several other areas in the US).[39]

Economy[edit]

Prior to their dissolutions, Commodore Cruise Line and its subsidiary Crown Cruise Line had their headquarters in Hollywood.[40]

Aerospace and electronics parts manufacturer HEICO has its headquarters in Hollywood.[41]

Since 1991, the Invicta Watch Group, a manufacturer of timepieces and writing instruments, has had its headquarters in Hollywood where it also operates its customer service call center.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[42] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Memorial Healthcare System 4,124
2 City of Hollywood 1,446
3 Chewy 1,200
4 Publix Supermarkets 1,098
5 Diplomat Resort & Spa Hollywood 960
6 Memorial Regional Hospital South 766
7 Great Healthworks 430
8 BrandsMart USA 351
9 Toyota of Hollywood 333
10 HEICO 320

Tourism[edit]

Guided tours along the Intercostal Waterway are common in Hollywood Florida.[citation needed] The Intercostal is parallel to the Atlantic Ocean and provides both tourists and locals with the exploration of nature and observation of surroundings.[citation needed]

Young Circle is another area surrounded by shops, restaurants, and bars. A Food Truck Takeover occurs every Monday, during which dozens of local food trucks park and offer a variety of cuisines including Cuban, Venezuelan, Mediterranean, Mexican, Jamaican, and Peruvian foods in addition to barbecue, burgers, gourmet grilled cheese, and dessert trucks.[43]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Hollywood has about 60 parks, seven golf courses, and sandy beaches.[citation needed]

Hollywood Beach has a broadwalk which extends about 2.5 miles along the Atlantic Ocean.[7] Parking is available on side streets or in parking garages for a fee, and public trolleys run through the day.[citation needed] restaurants and hotels line the broadwalk along with a theatre, children's playground, and other attractions including bicycle rental shops, ice cream parlors, souvenir shops, and a farmer's market. The broadwalk is used for walking and jogging, and there is a bike lane for bicyclists and rollerbladers.

Government[edit]

City Hall, Hollywood, Florida, 2010

Mayor[edit]

List of mayors of Hollywood, Florida
  • Joseph Wesley Young, circa 1925[44]
  • ?
  • Arthur W. Kellner, circa 1935[44]
  • ?
  • Lester Boggs, 1943-1947, 1949-1953[45]
  • Alfred G. Ryll, 1954-1955[46]
  • William G. Zinzil Sr., 1955–1957, 1959–1967[45]
  • E. L. McMorrough, circa 1959[47]
  • David Keating
  • Mara Giulianti, circa 2002[45]
  • Peter Bober, circa 2016
  • Josh Levy, 2016–present[27]

Education[edit]

Hollywood is made up of 32 public and charter schools with 13 private schools. The public schools are operated by the Broward County Public Schools.[7]

Public high schools[edit]

  • Hollywood Hills High School
  • McArthur High School
  • South Broward High School
  • Sheridan Technical College and High School

Public charter schools[edit]

  • Hollywood Academy of Arts and Science K-8
  • New Life Charter Academy
  • Championship Academy of Distinction at Hollywood K-5[48]
  • Championship Academy of Distinction,
  • Avant Garde Academy of Broward K-12
  • BridgePrep Academy at Hollywood Hills
  • Ben Gamla Preparatory Academy
  • Bridge Prep Academy[49]

Public middle schools[edit]

Public elementary schools[edit]

  • Mary M. Bethune Elementary School
  • Beachside Montessori Village
  • Boulevard Heights Elementary School
  • Colbert Elementary School
  • Driftwood Elementary School
  • Hollywood Central Elementary School
  • Hollywood Hills Elementary School
  • Hollywood Park Elementary School
  • Oakridge Elementary School
  • Orange Brook Elementary School
  • Sheridan Hills Elementary School
  • Sheridan Park Elementary School
  • Stirling Elementary School
  • West Hollywood Elementary School

Private schools[edit]

  • Annunciation School
  • Aukela Christian Military Academy
  • Beacon Hill School
  • Brauser Maimonides Academy
  • Calvary Kids School
  • Chaminade-Madonna College Preparatory School
  • Covenant Teaching Fellowship School
  • Ebony Village School
  • First Presbyterian Pre-School[52]
  • Hollywood Christian School
  • Little Flower School
  • Love Outreach Christian Academy
  • Nativity Elementary School
  • New Mirawood Elementary School
  • Parkway Christian School
  • Patty Cake Academy
  • Pembroke Park Montessori School
  • Phyls Academy
  • Point of Grace Christian Academy
  • Rainbow Montessori School
  • Sheridan Hills Christian School
  • St. Bernadette Catholic School
  • St. Mark's Lutheran School
  • Toddler Technology Academy

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Hollywood is served by Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, the 22nd busiest airport in the United States.[53] Broward County Transit operates several bus routes that pass through the city of Hollywood, such as the 1 on US 1 (Federal Highway).[54] It is also served by Tri-Rail stations at Sheridan Street and Hollywood.

Police department[edit]

The city is protected by the Hollywood Police Department.

Notable people[edit]

  • Davey Allison, former NASCAR driver
  • Jayne Atkinson, actress, House of Cards
  • Steve Blake, retired NBA player
  • Lauren Book, politician
  • Ethan Bortnick, piano child prodigy
  • Chris Britton, baseball pitcher, San Diego Padres
  • Marquise Brown, NFL player
  • Janice Dickinson, model, author
  • Joe DiMaggio, iconic professional baseball player, lived and died in Hollywood
  • Mike Donald, professional golfer
  • Scotty Emerick, singer-songwriter
  • Seth Gabel, actor
  • Josh Gad, actor
  • Adam Gaynor, former member of Matchbox Twenty
  • Alan Gelfand, developer of Ollie (skateboarding trick)
  • Michael Heverly, model
  • Rosemary Homeister, Jr., jockey
  • Erasmus James, defensive end in the NFL
  • Evan Jenne, politician
  • Victoria Justice, actress, model, singer
  • Joe Klink, retired MLB pitcher
  • Veronica Lake, actress, World War II pin-up girl
  • Bethany Joy Lenz-Galeotti, actress, One Tree Hill
  • Jeff Marx, composer and lyricist of Broadway musical Avenue Q
  • Oddibe McDowell, MLB center fielder
  • Bryant McFadden, cornerback for NFL's Pittsburgh Steelers
  • Danny McManus, former CFL quarterback; broadcaster for TSN's CFL games
  • Fred Melamed, actor
  • Tracy Lindsey Melchior, actress
  • Billy Mitchell, videogame player
  • Michael Mizrachi, professional poker player
  • Mike Napoli, MLB catcher and first baseman, member of 2013 World Series champion Boston Red Sox
  • Norman Reedus, actor
  • Ian Richards, County Court Judge of Florida's 17th Judicial Circuit
  • Patti Rizzo, golfer, 1982 LPGA Tour Rookie of the Year
  • Jon Pernell Roberts, drug trafficker[55][56]
  • Latrice Royale, drag entertainer
  • Jabaal Sheard, defensive end for Super Bowl LI champion New England Patriots
  • Megan Timpf, Canadian softball player, competitor at 2008 Summer Olympics[57]
  • Joe Trohman, Fall Out Boy lead guitarist
  • John Walsh, host of America's Most Wanted[58]
  • Scott Weinger, actor, writer, producer[59]
  • Robert Wexler, former member of the U.S. House of Representatives[60]
  • Lorenzo White, former Houston Oilers running back[61]

Crime and terrorism[edit]

On May 2, 2016, the Miami Herald reported about "a man from Hollywood," James Muhammad (legal name James Medina), who planned to bomb a synagogue in Aventura, and who was recorded stating "Aventura, watch your back. ISIS is in the house."[62][63]

In popular culture[edit]

The television game show Hollywood Squares taped a week of shows at the historic Diplomat Hotel in 1987 and featured aerial footage shot over Hollywood, Florida.[64]

Episode 15 of Season 6 of the HBO crime drama The Sopranos featured scenes shot in the vicinity of the Hollywood Beach Marriott along Carolina Street.[65]

The Art and Culture Center of Hollywood is the exterior of the police substation in the now cancelled TV show The Glades.

The comedy series Big Time in Hollywood, FL is set in Hollywood, Florida.

Sister cities[edit]

Hollywood has eight sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

  • Lecheria, Venezuela
  • Mollendo, Peru
  • Ciudad de la Costa, Uruguay
  • Guatemala City, Guatemala
  • Herzliya, Israel
  • Romorantin-Lanthenay, France
  • Baia Mare, Romania
  • Salvaleón de Higüey, Dominican Republic
  • Comodoro Rivadavia, Argentina

See also[edit]

  • Big Time in Hollywood, FL

References[edit]

  1. "Josh Levy Is The New Mayor of Hollywood". November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  3. "Hollywood, United States Page". Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 2, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Hollywood, FL – Official Website – About Hollywood". hollywoodfl.org. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  8. "Hollywood History". City of Hollywood. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Hollywood, FL – Official Website – History of Hollywood". hollywoodfl.org. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Florida Writers' Project (1947). Florida: A Guide to the Southernmost State. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 320. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  11. 11.0 11.1 Oliver, Kitty (September 1, 2012). Race & Change in Hollywood, Florida. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781439627655. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 Hellmann 2006.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 "Broward County History: a Timeline" (PDF). Broward County Government. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  14. Florida Legislative Committee on Intergovernmental Relations (2001), Overview of Municipal Incorporations in Florida (PDF), LCIR Report, Tallahassee, archived from the original (PDF) on April 28, 2017 Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 "History of Hollywood". City of Hollywood. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  16. Mickelson 2013.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Movie Theaters in Hollywood, FL". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  18. "Hollywood Elks Lodge celebrates 50 years", Sun-Sentinel, Ft. Lauderdale, April 7, 2017
  19. "Seminole Timeline". Hollywood: Seminole Tribe of Florida. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "Broward County Parks". Broward.org. Broward County Government. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  21. "US Newspaper Directory". Chronicling America. Washington DC: Library of Congress. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  22. "City of Hollywood, Florida". Archived from the original on November 5, 1996 – via Internet Archive, Wayback Machine. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  23. Kevin Hyde; Tamie Hyde (eds.). "United States of America: Florida". Official City Sites. Utah. OCLC 40169021. Archived from the original on August 24, 2000. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  24. "Hollywood city, Florida". QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  25. Florida Legislative Office of Economic and Demographic Research; U.S. Census Bureau (2011), "City of Hollywood", 2010 Census Detailed City Profiles
  26. Civic Impulse, LLC. "Members of Congress". GovTrack. Washington DC. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  27. 27.0 27.1 "Hollywood gears for change as new mayor takes reins", Sun-Sentinel, Fort Lauderdale, November 18, 2016
  28. "Florida by Place. Population, Housing, Area, and Density: 2000". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 10, 2020. Retrieved September 22, 2007. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  29. "Hollywood, Fla. Homeowners Association/Communities". hollywoodfl.org. Archived from the original on November 7, 2001. Retrieved October 24, 2007. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  30. "Hollywood, Florida Neighborhood Map". hollywoodfl.org. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
  31. "Average Weather for Hollywood, FL – Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  32. Hollywood History Archived September 28, 2007[Date mismatch], at the Wayback Machine, Hollywoodfl.org
  33. "U.S. Census, 1980–1990". Census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau.
  34. "Florida Smart – Hollywood". Floridasmart.com.
  35. "MLA Data Center results for Hollywood, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  36. "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
  37. "Ancestry Map of Colombian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
  38. "Ancestry Map of Peruvian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
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Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Lua error in Module:Official_website at line 90: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  • Hollywood Office of Tourism
  • "(Hollywood)". Digital Archives of Broward County Library. Broward County Government.
  • "(Hollywood)". Florida Memory. Florida Department of State, Division of Library and Information Services.
  • Items related to Hollywood, various dates (via Digital Public Library of America)