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Hongorai, Xongorai

Хоорай, Хонгорай
Flag of Hongorai
Coat of arms
Map of Hongorai.
Map of Hongorai.
CapitalAh Tas Tura (Translate: City of White Stone)
Common languagesOld kyrgyz language, Khakas language, Teleut language, Oirat language, Tuvan language
GovernmentElective monarchy
Beg of Ulus in Hongorai 
• 1399
Ababartsi Chingsang
Historical eraOirat occupation
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Yuan dynasty
Four Oirat
Siberia Governorate
Today part ofRussia

Hongorai (old kyrgyz: Хоорай) was an early state formation (according to other sources, a tribal union) that existed in southern Siberia with a historical center in the Minusinsk basin from the end of the 14th century to the beginning of the 18th century. Its main ethnic element was the Yenisei Kyrgyz. The population called the form of government of Hongorai the word tolai, that is, an ethno-tribal confederation. In Russian sources Khongorai was called "Kyrgyz land" (Russian: Киргизская землица).[1]

List of Khans[edit]

Hongorai khans and Begs of Uluses.
Name Ruling period Name in Kyrgyz
Ababartsi-Chingsang 1399–1416 Абабарци Чингсанг (Акбаржын)
Ésenxu-Khan 1416–1425 Эсенху-хан (Эсен-Тайшы)
Nomchi 1609–1621 Номчи-бек
Ishey 1621 Ишей-бек
Irenek-Khan 1658–1687 Иренек-хан
Kurban-Kashka 1757 Курбан-Кашка


  1. Очерки Истории Хакасии, Абакан, 2008

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