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Ilija Kolarović

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Ilija Kolarević (Veliko Selo near Belgrade, 24 May 1894 - Belgrade, 3 February 1968) was a sculptor and professor at the University of Belgrade.

He began to study high school in Belgrade, in 1911 he transferred to the School of Arts and Crafts, where, while studying with Đorđe Jovanović, remained until 1913. The following year, he participated in the First World War. After being severely wounded on the Thessaloniki front, he was sent for treatment and recovery to Tunisia and Algeria, where he attended the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in the painting department and exhibited twice with French artists (1918-1919). At the beginning of 1920, he was at the Art School for some time, then a drawing teacher at the Paraćin High School (1920-1924) and at the Secondary Technical School in Belgrade (since 1924). From 1940 he worked as a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts. At the same time, he was engaged in sculpture. He exhibited independently in Niš with B. Stevanović in 1956, in Belgrade in 1957 and 1965 with J. Kratin, and in Podgorica with Vasa Pomorišac in 1959. He participated in the collective exhibitions of "Lada" (1920 and 1930) as a guest, and from 1941 to 1967 as a member of Lada. He also participated in the collective exhibitions of "Zograf" (1931, 1933), Autumn exhibitions of Belgrade artists (1928, 1929, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1939), Spring exhibitions of Yugoslav artists (1929, 1931, 1932, 1938, 1939, 1940), the International Exhibition in Liege (1939), the First Exhibition of the Association of Warrior Painters and Sculptors 1912—1918 (1940). In the post-war period, his works were represented at the exhibitions "Painting and Sculpture of the Peoples of Yugoslavia of the 19th and 20th Centuries", in several Yugoslav and European cities (1946-1948), ULUS, "Sculpture in Free Space", "National Liberation War in Fine Arts artists ", October Salon, etc. In addition to several works placed in the open (Montenegrin in Cetinje, 1930; Figure for the fountain in Zrenjanin, Mother and Child in Belgrade, 1948; a monument to Jovan Jovanović Zmaj in Ruma, 1951), he made, mainly during the interwar period, a series of facade sculptures in Belgrade: pediments at the Technical Faculty and the Faculty of Agriculture in Zemun, sculptural decoration of the gate of the Botanical Garden, etc. He participated in competitions for monuments several times. Most of his earlier achievements were destroyed in bombing during World War II. Educated in the academic tradition of the classical school of sculpture, he usually worked in wood on lyrically inspired, slightly stylized female nudes in which the functional synthesis of form and insistence on the anatomical plasticity of the figure are reflected. The psychological expression and character of the model can be felt in the [[intimism|intimistically-shaped portraits of realistic observation. He was also a notable medalist. He is one of the founders of the Association of Artists Zograf (1927). He won the Seventh of July Award of Serbia (1965) and the Order of Labor with the Red Flag (1966).


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