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Jonathan Nicholas

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Jonathan Nicholas
The house of Jonathan Nicholas in the 1850s
BornApril 1, 1757
Kingdom of Great Britain
DiedSeptember 22, 1839 (aged 82)
Flanders, New Jersey
United States
OccupationFarmer, Cooper
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Lawler
(m. 1779; d. 1833)
Parent(s)Price Nicholas

Jonathan Nicholas (April 1, 1757 – September 22, 1839) was a barrel maker, early settler of Morris County, New Jersey and sergeant in the New Jersey Line during the American Revolutionary War.[1][2][3]

American Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

At the outset of the American Revolutionary War he joined the New Jersey State Troop of the Continental Army in spring of 1776 as a private under Captain Thomas Moore. His enlistment expired in 1776 but Jonathan decided to leave the army at Elizabethtown, New Jersey to remove his parents away from the war. In December 1776 Jonathan reenlisted at Morristown, New Jersey where George Washington was encamped for winter quarters. Jonathan was one of a few who distributed provisions to the encamped soldiers.[4]

Muster roll from 1783 with Jonathan Nicholas listed as Sergeant in the top column.

In spring of 1777 Jonathan again reenlisted as a sergeant in the 5th Regiment of the New Jersey Line and marched with Washington's army to the Brandywine Creek. On September 11 Jonathan took part in the Battle of Brandywine and then on October 4 in the Battle of Germantown. At Germantown, his captain Thomas Peirson became deaf from a cannon discharge and was forced to leave service. In the winter of 1777 Jonathan encamped at Valley Forge. At Valley Forge, Jonathan was attached to Captain Motts Company in the 3rd Regiment of Colonel Elias Dayton. In June 1778 under order of General Washington his regiment watched the movements of the enemy retreating from Philadelphia into New Jersey where they were engaged at the Battle of Monmouth.

In Spring of 1779 Jonathan acted as quartermaster sergeant on the left wing of the Jersey Brigade commanded by Colonel Matthews. The Jersey Brigade engaged Native American settlements in New York campaigning for three months. At Connecticut Farms in June 1780 Jonathan under General Maxwell repulsed an invading army under General Knyphausen. In August 1781 the Jersey Line marched to Philadelphia and then to Yorktown to engage General Cornwallis. Jonathan's detachments was one of the first to break ground to entrench the enemy until their surrender on October 19.

July 1782 the Jersey Line counter-marched up and down the North River to watch the movements of the enemy at New York. The Jersey Line remained in their quarters near New Windsor until the army was disbanded on June 5, 1783 when Jonathan was honorably discharged.[5] In 1836 Jonathan applied for a pension to the Committee on Pensions.[6]

Post-Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

After the war, Jonathan settled on an 80 acre farm near Madison, New Jersey. In Flanders, Jonathan established a shop where he manufactured barrels.

Family[edit | edit source]

Jonathan was one of two brothers that came to Elizabethtown, New Jersey from Wales. Jonathan married Irish emigrant Elizabeth "Betsy" Lawler on May 16, 1779. They had 12 children: Hannah, Nancy, John Budd, Rhece, Jonathan, David, Elisabeth, Lewis, Josiah, Elias, William, Jerusha.[7] In Flanders, New Jersey the house of Jonathan housed several generations of the Nicholas family. In 1858 his grandson David built a new house on the site of the Jonathan homestead.

Jonathan is the great great grandfather of Anne Nichols.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "The History of Mount Olive". Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  2. "United States Revolutionary War Rolls". January 1783.
  3. Letter from the Secretary of War: Transmitting a Report of the Names, Rank, And Line, of Every Person Placed on the Pension List, In Pursuance of the Act of the 18th March, 1818, &c. Gales & Seaton. January 20, 1820.
  4. Sherman, Andrew M. (1908). "Washington's Army In Lowantica Valley, Morris County, New Jersey". The American Historical Magazine. Publishing Society of New York. 3: 591. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  5. Nicholas, Jonathan. "Statement of the Service of Jonathan Nicholas in the War of the Revolution". Missing or empty |url= (help)
  6. "Journal of the Senate". Gales and Seaton. 6 February 1837. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  7. Chambers, Theodore Frelinghuysen (1895). The Early Germans of New Jersey: Their History, Churches, and Genealogies. Dover Printing Company. p. 454.

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