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Jorjo Tadić

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Jorjo Tadić (Hvar, 5 June 1899 – Belgrade, 4 October 1969) was a Serbian historian and academician of SANU.


He finished elementary school in his hometown and high school in Zadar and Split. He studied history and philosophy in Zagreb, Berlin, Leipzig, Prague and Belgrade. He was for a time a substitute for the Maritime Academy in Kotor and then a professor and director of the Maritime and Trade School in Dubrovnik. He was elected assistant professor at the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb in 1935 on the subject of modern history. Due to his Yugoslav orientation, Tadić had various problems in that area, so he wanted to move to Belgrade.[1] He became a senior advisor at the Ministry of Education in Belgrade in 1938. He was elected assistant professor at the Faculty of Philosophy in Belgrade in 1939.[2] From 1951, he worked as a full professor at the Faculty of Philosophy on the subject of General History of the New Century. He was also a corresponding member of the Serbian Royal Academy since 1940, and a regular member of SANU since 1959. Secretary of the Department of Social Sciences of the Academy of Sciences from 1 March 1963, to 6 April 1966; from 10 May 1966 to 4 October 1969, member of the Presidency of the Serbian Academy of Sciences from 15 April 1960 to 1 March 1963; from 24 April to 4 October 1969, until his death in 1970, director of the Historical Institute in Belgrade.[3] He was also a corresponding member of the Zagreb JAZU.

Historiographical work[edit]

Jorjo Tadić appeared in the scientific community after the First World War, as a great historian.[4]His work was created over several decades and consists of a large number of works on the medieval history of Dubrovnik and on various topics from Serbian and Jewish history in the period between the 16th and 18th centuries. Chronologically, it can be divided into two periods: pre-war from 1925 to 1941 and post-war from 1945 to death in 1969. Terrified by the Ustasha crimes and the role of the Roman Catholic Church in the Independent State of Croatia, Tadić, although a Catholic, an old settler from the Piva region in today's Montenegro, in 1942, with Viktor Novak, took the baptismal feast (synaxis) of their Serbian Orthodox forefathers and began to celebrate St. John the Baptist.

Of all the researchers, he gave the most data and interpretations of Dubrovnik's history.[5] published by the Serbian Literary Association. In the later phase of his creation, he mostly turned to topics from economic history and left the study of political history for gatherings abroad, where he performed dozens of works of a review nature. His works on economic history have an extremely great historiographical significance due to the presentation of a series of hitherto unknown data on this topic. Thanks to Jorjo Tadić, who befriended the French historian Fernand Braudel, Braudel had the opportunity to get acquainted with the series of material in the Dubrovnik archives, which inspired him to start writing about the "long duration" in the history of the Mediterranean as a whole.

He was one of the best Latin paleographers of his time. His knowledge of the manuscripts of Dubrovnik chancellors and notaries of the Middle Ages was exceptional. He systematically published Dubrovnik archives (Letters and Instructions of the Republic of Dubrovnik I, Contributions to the History of Health Culture of Old Dubrovnik (together with Risto Jeremić), Dubrovnik Archives on Belgrade and Material on the School of Painting in Dubrovnik in the XVIII-XVI century in two volumes).

In addition to studies closely related to the history of Dubrovnik, his work on elucidating the economic past of the Serbian and Balkan countries of the Middle Ages is significant. On the basis of Dubrovnik's archival material, he obtained a whole series of numerical data on agricultural and mining production in Serbia in the Middle Ages. By studying the Serbian economy and society, he showed how Serbia had one of the most developed mining productions in Europe at that time, from the Battle of Kosovo until the fall of the Despotate under Turkish rule. He pointed to the development of the trade class in medieval Serbia. He also pointed out the importance of Serbian mining production for the development of the Republic of Dubrovnik. He also published works on the culture of Dubrovnik. As a cultural historian, he paid special attention to biographies and considered the works of individual writers and artists. His work on the study of the history of everyday life in the Republic of Dubrovnik is especially interesting, whose history, with all its specifics, he considered an integral component of Serbian history.

His last text, "Ghosts Circling Yugoslavia", published posthumously in 1971, warned of growing Croatian nationalism and the danger of the disintegration of Yugoslavia.

Selected bibliography[edit]

  • Dubrovnik: ilustrovani vođ kroz dubrovačku prošlost i sadašnjost (Jadranska štraza, 1929)[6]
  • Spain and Dubrovnik in the 16th century, Belgrade 1932;
  • Miha Pracatović – Pracat, Dubrovnik 1933;
  • Jews in Dubrovnik until the middle of the 17th century, Sarajevo 1937;
  • Passenger traffic in old Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik 1939;
  • Organization of Dubrovnik maritime affairs in the 16th century, Istorijski časopis 1949:
  • Dubrovnik Portraits I, Belgrade, SKZ 1948.[7]
  • Tadić, Jorjo (1963). "Testaments of Božidar Vuković, a Serbian printer of the 16th century". Proceedings of the Faculty of Philosophy. Belgrade. 7 (1): 337—360.
  • The economy of Dubrovnik and the Serbian economy[8]
  • Grcka i Dalmacija u XVI veku (Prosveta, 1966)[9]


  1. "Прилози за књижевност, језик, историју и фолкор", Београд 1989.
  2. "Прилози за књижевност, језик, историју и фолкор", Београд 1989.
  3. "Историјски часопис", књ. 16-17, Београд 1970.
  4. Вукић М. Мићовић: "Споменица посвећена преминулом академику Јорју Тадићу", Београд 1970.
  5. Енциклопедија српске историографије, приредили Сима Ћирковић и Раде Михаљчић, Београд 1997, 667.
  6. Tadić, Jorjo (1929). "Dubrovnik: Ilustrovani vođ kroz dubrovačku prošlost i sadašnjost".
  7. Kadić, Ante (18 March 2019). From Croatian renaissance to Yugoslav socialism: Essays. ISBN 9783111393964. Search this book on
  8. Tributaries and Peripheries of the Ottoman Empire. 10 August 2020. ISBN 9789004430600. Search this book on
  9. Tadić, Jorjo (1966). "Grčka i Dalmacija u XVI veku".

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