|Birth name||Josneidy Nayarit Castillo Mendoza|
|Service/||Bolivarian National Guard|
Josneidy Nayarit Castillo Mendoza is a Venezuelan National Guard lieutenant known for beating Marvinia Jiménez repeatedly with her helmet during the 2014 Venezuelan protests. Officially, she currently has an arrest warrant in Venezuela. However, she has not been detained despite being seen publicly with Venezuelan authorities and on 2018 was promoted to lieutenant.
2014 Venezuelan protests[edit | edit source]
|Gallery of the beating|
On 24 February 2014, Marvinia Jiménez was traveling between her workshop and home when she came across members of the Venezuelan National Guard repressing a demonstration in Valencia, Carabobo state. Jiménez began taking pictures of the incident with her cellphone and the use of firearms by National Guardsmen. When a group of officers noticed her actions, she was surrounded and intimidated her; one guardsman pointed his gun at her head, asking her to give over the cellphone. Jiménez replied saying the use of firearms in protests was unconstitutional. The guardsmen subjected and beat Jiménez following her reply. Castillo, who was performing anti-protest duties at the scene, approached and told her companions "Leave her to me!". Castillo threw Jiménez to the ground, hit, kicked and repeatedly beat her with a helmet, smiling and laughing, then had her transported to a government facility where she was supposedly abused further.
The scene was caught in pictures and recorded in different angles by a photographer working for El Carabobeño and by other protesters. Following the incident, Jiménez was accused of resisting arrest, assaulting the officers, property damage, obstruction of public roads and inciting disobedience, despite being seen on the pictures and videos approaching the officers without attacking. She was ordered to report every 45 days and prohibited from leaving the country.
Controversy[edit | edit source]
Josneidy Castillo has an arrest warrant for the events, but is still free despite being seen pubicly with other officers of the Venezuelan National Guard. Other officers involved have not been identified by the Public Ministry. On 1 February 2018, Castillo was promoted as a lieutenant in the National Guard.
On 29 May 2018, a board of independent experts tasked by the Organization of American States with detailing human rights violations in Venezuela mentioned in their 400-page report that the beating was part of several cases of torture that had occurred during Nicolás Maduro's presidency. The board concluded that crimes against humanity were committed in Venezuela and recommended that the report be sent to the International Criminal Court.
References[edit | edit source]
- "Marvinia, víctima de la represión, marchó también por la Libertad" (in español). La Patilla. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Fermín, Alfredo (2 December 2014). "Quiero justicia luego de nueve meses se haber sido agredida" (in español). El Carabobeno. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Denuncian que funcionaria que golpeó a Marvinia Jiménez está libre" (in español). El Diario de Caracas. 15 March 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Funcionaria que agredió a manifestante en Valencia queda en libertad" (in español). Venezuela Al Dia. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Arencibia, Carlos Javier (2015). "Valiente presa de la cobardía". Testimonios de la represión (in español). Libros marcados. p. 30. ISBN 978-980-408-038-8.
- Organización de Estados Americanos, ed. (2018). "TORTURA COMO CRIMEN DE LESA HUMANIDAD". Informe De La Secretaría General De La Organización De Los Estados Americanos Y Del Panel De Expertos Internacionales Independientes Sobre La Posible Omisión De Crímenes De Lesa Humanidad En Venezuela (PDF) (in español). Washington D.C. pp. 111–112. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
- "Una oficial de GNB golpea con casco a mujer en La Isabelica (+Fotos)". Agencia Carabobeña de Noticias (in español). 2014.
- "Fotos: así reprime la policía de Venezuela". Infobae (in español). 15 March 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- Calisa (7 February 2018). "Régimen premia a "la diabólica" ascendiéndola a teniente de la GNB - Venezuela al dia". Venezuela al díaes-VE (in español). Retrieved 1 June 2018.
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