Lowndes County Freedom Organization
Lowndes County Freedom Organization
|Headquarters||Lowndes County, Alabama|
The Lowndes County Freedom Organization (LCFO), also known as the Lowndes County Freedom Party (LCFP) or Black Panther party, was an American political party founded during 1965 in Lowndes County, Alabama. The independent third party was formed by local African-American citizens and staff members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) under the leadership of Stokley Carmichael.
The objective of the party was to register African Americans in a county that was 80% black. Local residents and SNCC staff members decided to avoid joining the Alabama Democratic party because the state party was led by segregationist Governor George Wallace and employed the slogan "White Supremacy" represented by an image of a white rooster. Due to high rates of illiteracy among the black residents, an image of a black panther was adopted to identify party members of LCFO in contrast to members of the all-white Democratic party represented by a white rooster. The idea for the logo came from SNCC field secretary Ruth Howard. The LCFOs symbol of a black panther was later adopted by the Black Panther Party founded by Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton and other organizations throughout the United States.
The work of the political organization was examined in the documentary film Eyes on the Prize within the episode "The Time Has Come (1964–66)".
- Carson, pp. 165
- Carson, p. 153; Jeffries, p. 143–178
- Jeffries, pp. 146
- Jeffries, pp. 148–149; Carson, p. 165
- Jeffries, p. 152; Ogbar, p. 76
- Austin, p. 15
- Austin, Curtis J. (2006). Up Against the Wall: Violence in the Making and Unmaking of the Black Panther Party. University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 9781557288271.
- Carson, Clayborne (1995). In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674447271.
- Jeffries, Hasan Kwame (2009). Bloody Lowndes: Civil Rights and Black Power in Alabama's Black Belt. New York University Press. ISBN 9780814743065.
- Ogbar, Jeffrey O. G. (2005). Black Power: Radical Politics and African American Identity. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 9780801882753.
- Cobb, Charles E. Jr. (2008). On the Road to Freedom: A Guided Tour of the Civil Rights Movement. Algonquin Books. ISBN 9781565124394.
- Holsaert, Faith S.; Noonan, Martha Prescod Norman; Richardson, Judy; Robinson, Betty Garman; Young, Jean Smith; Zellner, Dorothy M., eds. (2010). Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252098871.
- Wideman, John Edgar (2003). Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture). Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9780684850030.
- Lowndes County Freedom Party (LCFP) - Provided by the SNCC Digital Gateway
- Lowndes County Freedom Organization - Provided by the Encyclopedia of Alabama
- Origin of the Black Panther Party logo - Part of the H.K. Yuen Social Movement Archive, 1963-1982 within the Comparative Ethnic Studies Collection located at the University of California, Berkeley
Category:1965 establishments in Alabama Category:African-American history of Alabama Category:Black political parties in the United States Category:Civil rights movement Category:History of African-American civil rights Category:History of voting rights in the United States Category:Political parties in Alabama
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