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Muhammad Yunus

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Born to Captain Natha Khan and Mst. Diwan Bibi, August 8, 1941, in Potha, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. His education began in 1946 when he attended Government High School Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan until 1951. He then attended Military College Jhelum (as a student of FSC) from 1951-1959. Then from 1959-1963, he attended Pakistan Naval Academy as a naval cadet in Karachi, Pakistan. He would graduate with a bachelor's of science as well as receive a commission as a Sub Lt.

He would then serve on multiple Pakistani Navy ships between 1963-1968. It was during this time he would participate in the 1965 & 1971 wars against India. During this time, he won the Tamgha-e-Difa, Sitara-e-Harb, and the Tamgha-e-Jang in both wars. In 1970, he attended Long Torpedo & Anti Submarine Course in Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom on board the HMS Vernon. Following the completion of the course, until 1974, he served once again on board Pakistani Naval ships. From 1974-1977, he held the appointment of Training and Operations Commander at the Libyan Naval Headquarters in Tripoli, Libya. From 1977-1979, he would receive a promotion to Commander and continue to serve by performing the duties of Staff Officer with Commander Destroyer Squadron, Commander Pakistan Fleet, and Commander Karachi. At the the same time, he was holding the appointment of Assistant Principal Staff Officer to Chairman Joint Chief of Staff Committee, and then Deputy Director Naval Intelligence from 1979-1980. From 1980-1983, he served on board ships and establishments in Karachi, Pakistan. From 1983-1987, he received an education in the Armed Forces War Course at the National Defence College (1984), and then continued as an instructor. Also in 1984, he received a Masters of Science in War Studies from Quaid-e-Azam University. It is also during the time period of 1984-1987, he held the appointment of Directing Staff and Chief Instructor at the Joint Services Staff College. From 1987-1990, he held the positions of Director Personnel Services, Director Provost Marshal, and Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Personnel) at Naval Headquarters in Islamabad. It is during this time his responsibilities included, issuance of policy guidelines for induction, training, and promotion of Chief Petty officers and sailors of the entire navy. The issuance of policy guidelines for training and operations of the Provost Marshal branch of the entire navy. Issuance of policy guidelines for pay, pension, and accounts of the entire strength of civilians and service personnel of the navy. The issuance of policy guidelines for welfare activities of the navy. And finally, negotiating and providing trained naval manpower to friendly Middle East countries on deputation. Also during this time, he held appointments regarding to military sport activities. He was the President of Pakistan Services Sports Control Board (Army, Navy, and Air Force) and President PN Sports Control Committee from 1989-1990. He also held the special elected appointment of Member Executive Committee of Council of International Military Sports (CISM) at the same time. It was to lead Pakistan Military sports contingents for CISM sports functions to Argentina, Zambia, Cameroon, and Tanzania.

In 1990, he would become the Director General of the Maritime Security Agency (similar to coast guard).  The MSA, a para-military force at sea, consisted of six ships and two aircraft operating from several bases along the coast of Pakistan.  He would make contributions to the pollution control of Pakistani ports, and the exclusive economic zone of Pakistan along the entirety of the coast.   He was a member of Marine Pollution Control Board from 1992-1994, where he worked with Director General Environment Protection Agency Sind IUCN, Director General Ports and Shipping, Chairman Karachi Port Trust, Chairman Port Qasim Authority, and other Sind government officials regarding this matter.  Also while Director General, he worked closely with Chief Secretary Sind and carried out a detailed survey of the Karachi beaches from the eastern end of the Clifton beach to the western end of Gadani beach.  This was to highlight the important aspects of safety and pollution control on the beaches. From 1994-1995, he would become the Commodore Training Ashore for Headquarters Commander Karachi.  It is here that he would supervise and monitor the functioning of the Pakistan Naval Academy, Pakistan Naval Engg College, Pakistan Navy Sailors Training Centers, and Pakistan Marines Training and Operations.  He also would do the issuance of policy guidelines for the preparation of syllabi of various categories of trainees and ensuring its regular revision and updates.  He also monitored and controlled the academic activities of all educational institutions of Pakistani Navy at Karachi.  He would retire from the Pakistani Navy as a Commodore in November of 1996.   

From 1996-2001, he would serve as the Deputy Managing Director at the Bahria Foundation

References[edit | edit source]

http://www.pmsa.gov.pk/previous-dg.php https://www.paknavy.gov.pk/history.html


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