New York (overview)
New York refers to a locality in the northeast United States of America. It primarily refers to New York City or New York State.
New York also refers to:
- New York metropolitan area, the region encompassing New York City and its suburbs, some of which are in neighbouring states
- New York County, covering the same area as the New York City borough of Manhattan
- Province of New York, a historical colony preceding the state of New York
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New York City, also known as the City of New York, is a city in the State of New York.
It is divided into five Boroughs:
- Manhattan, also known as New York County, and occupying Manhattan Island and Marble Hill
- The Bronx
- Staten Island
These boroughs became a single city in 1898.
New York State, also known as the State of New York, is a state which contains the City of New York.
Its capital is Albany.
New York County covers the same area as the New York City borough of Manhattan. New York City was originally in the southern part of this area, and only expanded beyond it in 1898.
The New York metropolitan area is the region encompassing New York City and its suburbs.
It includes parts of four states:
- In New York State:
- New York City, the most populous city in the United States
- Long Island
- The Mid- and Lower Hudson Valley
- The five largest cities in New Jersey and their vicinities:
- Newark - the largest city in New Jersey
- Jersey City
- Six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut and their vicinities:
- Bridgeport - the largest city in Connecticut
- New Haven
- Five counties in northeastern Pennsylvania
- Monroe County
- Pike County
- Carbon County
- Lehigh County
- Northampton County
As per the 2015 United States Census Bureau estimates, the New York metropolitan area remains by a significant margin the most populous in the United States.
The Province of New York (1664–1776) was a British colony preceding the state of New York.
It originally included all of the present states of New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Vermont, along with inland portions of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Maine, as well as eastern Pennsylvania. The majority of this land was soon reassigned by the Crown, leaving territory that included the valleys of the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers, and Vermont. The territory of western New York was Iroquois land, also disputed between the English colonies and New France, and that of Vermont was disputed with the Province of New Hampshire.
The province resulted from the Dutch Republic surrender of Provincie Nieuw-Nederland to the Kingdom of England in 1664. Immediately after, the province was renamed for James, Duke of York, brother of Charles II of England. The colony was one of the Middle Colonies, and ruled at first directly from England.
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- "A 5-Borough Centennial Preface for Katharine Bement Davis Mini-History". The New York City Department of Correction. 1997. Archived from the original on October 23, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2011.