Peterborough

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki

Peterborough (/ˈpiːtərbərə,-ˌbʌrə/ (listen)) is a cathedral city and unitary authority area in Cambridgeshire, England, with a population of 202,110 in 2017.Originally part of Northamptonshire, it became part of Cambridgeshire from 1974. The city is 76 mi (122 km) north of London, on the River Nene which flows into the North Sea 30 mi (48 km) to the north-east. The railway station is an important stop on the East Coast Main Line between London and Edinburgh.

Peterborough
City and unitary authority
Cathedral Square and Peterborough Cathedral
Coat of arms of Peterborough City Council
Motto(s):

Upon this rock

Peterborough Unitary Authority Area shown within Cambridgeshire
Coordinates: 52°34′21″N 00°14′35″W
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region East of England
Ceremonial county Cambridgeshire
Historic County Northamptonshire
Admin HQ Peterborough
City status 1541
Incorporated 1874
Unitary 1998
Government
• Type Unitary authority
• Governing body Peterborough City Council
• Leadership Leader and cabinet
• Executive Conservative
• MPs Peterborough: Paul Bristow(Con)

NW Cambs: Shailesh Vara(Con)

Area
• Total 132.58 sq mi (343.38 km2)
Population

(mid-2019 est.)

• Total 202,259
• Density 1,520/sq mi (585/km2)
• Ethnicity 82.5% White

11.7% Asian 2.3% Black 0.8% Other 2.8% Mixed

Time zone UTC±0 (GMT)
• Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode area PE
Area code(s) 01733
Vehicle registration area code AA, AB, AC, AD, AE, AF, AG, AJ, AK, AM, AN
ISO 3166-2 GB-PTE
ONS code 00JA (ONS)

E06000031 (GSS)

OS grid reference TL185998
NUTS 3 UKH11
Website www.peterborough.gov.uk

The local topography is flat, and in some places the land lies below sea level, for example in parts of the Fensto the east of Peterborough. Human settlement in the area began before the Bronze Age, as can be seen at the Flag Fen archaeological site to the east of the current city centre, also with evidence of Roman occupation. The Anglo-Saxon period saw the establishment of a monastery, Medeshamstede, which later became Peterborough Cathedral.

The population grew rapidly after the railways arrived in the 19th century, and Peterborough became an industrial centre, particularly known for its brick manufacture. After the Second World War, growth was limited until designation as a New Town in the 1960s. Housing and population are expanding and a £1 billion regeneration of the city centre and immediately surrounding area is under way. Industrial employment has fallen since then, a significant proportion of new jobs being in financial services and distribution.