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Qwan Ki Do

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Qwan Ki Do
Carole Bo Ram Autret - Quan Khi Dao - Eventail simple.JPG
A female student with a fan.
Also known asQKD, Qwan-Ki-Do, Quán Khí Đạo
FocusPercussion, Grappling
HardnessFull contact
Country of origin Vietnam
CreatorMaster Chau Quan Ky, Master Pham Xuân Tong
Olympic sportNo
Official websiteWorld Union of Qwan-Ki-Do

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Qwan Ki Do (Vietnamese Quan Khi Đạo) is a Sino-Vietnamese martial art with roots in the Chinese martial arts it:Kejiaquan (客家拳).

History of Qwan Ki Do[edit]

Qwan Ki Do, is a synthesis of multiple free form martial arts from China and Vietnam, and it has its' roots in the Hung Vuong dynasty, 2500 BC. The sport inherits from three different Chinese martial art schools; the Shaolin monks practicing Shaolin Kung Fu, Wo Mei, and Tang Lang.[1]

Founder Pham Xuan Tong[edit]

Pham Xuan Tong was born 1947 in Ninh Binh, near the town of Nam Dinh (Tonchino) in Vietnam. At the age of 10 he began daily martial arts training under the Master Chau Quan Ky.


The name, Qwan Ki Do, was introduced 1981 in Toulon, France, by Master Pham Xuân Tong. Khi - commonly known as Ki, meaning energy. Dao - commonly known as Do, meaning way. Together with the word "Quan", which can be translated into "the whole; the totality", Quan Khi Dao means "the way of life energy". In order to facilitate the understanding, especially in the Western hemisphere, the name was linguistically adapted to Qwan Ki Do.



In Qwan Ki Do, much emphasis is on theory. The students learn the history, relationships between seasons and organs, the teachings of the meridians and the importance of the movements. Each movement in Qwan Ki Do has a Vietnamese name and a meaning. The techniques used are; fist, foot, scissors, locks, purgatory, throwing, gripping and self-defense. In addition, students learn techniques which are derived from animals. These include both individual movements, as well as entire Quyen with animal techniques such as the tiger (Ho), the crane (Hac), monkey (Hau Nhi), the serpent (Xa) and the dragon (Long).


Competitions are always 1 to 1. The students wear protective clothing in order not to injure the opponent, i.e. fists, greaves and mouthguard. Additionally, jock strap for men, and chest protection for women. Students above 18 years are not wearing head protection. The fight is not about to defeat the partner or to cause pain. Instead, it is about the correct application of the techniques learned and the achievement of points. Celebrating a scored point is frowned upon since it can be perceived as arrogance.

Rules and traditions[edit]

In Qwan Ki Do there are many ancient Asian traditions that are followed. This includes bowing, how to tie the belt, using counting in Vietnamese. Additionally, the to many Europeans unfamiliar translucent relationship between a pupil and a master.

Code of conduct[edit]

The ten fundamental principles of Qwan Ki Do.[2]

  • To reach the highest technical level through effort, perseverance, self-confidence and respect for others.
  • To develop body and mind for her own good and others', not for vanity nor own pride.
  • To advocate the underlying virtues of Qwan Ki Do; righteousness (moral rectitude), style, simplicity, modesty, tolerance and gratitude.
  • To develop in accordance with the noble style, millennial traditions, never betrayed by pettiness, backbiting and division in the method.
  • To cultivate respect for degrees, teachers and leaders and to promote cohesion among all members in order to create the spirit of a community.
  • To see sparring and competition as a means of progress and not a means to an end.
  • To practice self-improvement through diligence and self-criticism.
  • To honor the spirit of traditional martial arts and comply with their rules.
  • To comply with regulations maintained by the World Federation of Qwan Ki Do.
  • To use martial arts as intended and otherwise only in self-defense.





Students of Qwan Ki Do are wearing a black suit (Vo Phuc) with a yellow stripe, which extends from the collar to the bottom of the jacket. It has a Qwan Ki do badge on the left side at the level of the heart. If available, one could wear a club badge on the right shoulder. On the left shoulder only special badge would be worn, such as a national badge. The suit is black to symbolize earth and water. Often the black and yellow colors are recognized as following the teaching of AM and Duong (similar to yin and yang). Additionally, black stands for the uncontrolled power and yellow for the control of power.

Rank and grading[edit]

As in any martial art there is a ranking system developed for the guidance of students. Beginners wear white belts (So Dang) and more experience students wear black belts (Trung Dang). The belt is attached before training, with one knee on the ground.

Competitive Qwan Ki Do[edit]

Five World Championships have taken place since 1994.

1st Qwan Ki Do World Championship Milan, Italy, 1994
2nd Qwan Ki Do World Championship Abidjan, Ivory Coast, 1998
3rd Qwan Ki Do World Championship Berlin Germany, 2003
4th Qwan Ki Do World Championship Bucharest, Romania, 2007
5th Qwan Ki Do World Championship Rabat Morocco, 2011

See also[edit]

Other articles of the topic Vietnam : Nick & You, Vinh Xuan massacre, Trương Quốc Huy, Vietnam, Mai's, Vietnam Veterans for Factual History

Other articles of the topic Martial arts : World Karate Union, Jhonata Diniz, Jordan kranio, Behzad Warrior Academy
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  1. Historic references:
  2. Script error: The function "in_lang" does not exist. The ten principles can be found on the website of UFAT [1]

External links[edit]

Category:Vietnamese martial arts


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