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Radcliffe Line

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki

The regions affected by the extended Partition of British India: Green regions were all part of Pakistan by 1948, and Orange part of the Republic of India. The darker-shaded regions represent the Punjab and Bengal Provinces Partitioned by the Radcliffe Line. The Grey areas represent some of the key Princely states that were eventually integrated into Modern India and Pakistan, but others which initially became Independent are not shown respectively.

The Radcliffe Line became the formal International border between the Modern India and the Pakistans (which also included what is now Bangladesh) during the Partition of British India. The communal line divided Bengal into Indian held West Bengal and East Bengal which became East Pakistan province in 1956. The Religious line was decided by the Border Commissions headed by Cyril Radcliffe [en], who was to divide equitably 175,000 square miles (450,000 km2) of territory with 88 million people. The line took effect on the 17th of August in 1947 after the Partition of British India. When the Great Partition was implemented, there were some problems:

  • Sometimes the boundary line divided villages, so one part of the village was in each country. At other instances, it went through houses, different rooms of the same house were in different countries.

The Radcliffe commission had no power to divide the territory of the Princely states of British India. Only Kashmir Region was divided in 1949 by UN. Ceasefire Line.

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